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Schema.org Version 13.0

Version:
13.0
Archive URL:
https://github.com/schemaorg/schemaorg/tree/main/data/releases/13.0/
Published:
2021-07-07
Alternate formats:
This release, full core and extension definition files in N-Triples, Quads, JSON-LD, and Turtle formats, are also available for download.

Overview: This is a full release summary for schema.org. It describes in one document the terms (types, properties and enumerations) included in this version of schema.org. The live site offers various other page-by-page views that include more information and examples. Note that schema.org release numbers are not generally included when you use schema.org. In contexts (e.g. related standards work) when a particular release needs to be cited, this document provides the appropriate URL.

See the releases page for information about other schema.org releases.

Status: this document represents a stable release of schema.org, and is automatically generated from the underlying canonical RDFS-based schema data. Although the formal schema dataset associated with this release will not change, we may update the formatting (tracked as issue #484), layout and other details of this document to improve the presentation of this information. Similarly, the encoding and publication details (RDFa/RDFS etc.) for the machine-readable schema file may evolve; however the data encoded should be considered canonical and frozen for each release. We solicit advice on data formats that are useful for publishers and consumers of schema.org data.

The structure of this document is simple: it provides an alphabetic list of types, and then properties, as they are defined in this version of schema.org.

Type hierarchy


Types A-Z


3DModel

A 3D model represents some kind of 3D content, which may have encodings in one or more MediaObjects. Many 3D formats are available (e.g. see Wikipedia); specific encoding formats can be represented using the encodingFormat property applied to the relevant MediaObject. For the case of a single file published after Zip compression, the convention of appending '+zip' to the encodingFormat can be used. Geospatial, AR/VR, artistic/animation, gaming, engineering and scientific content can all be represented using 3DModel.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

AMRadioChannel

A radio channel that uses AM.


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[^top]

APIReference

Reference documentation for application programming interfaces (APIs).


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Abdomen

An Enumeration member

Abdomen clinical examination.


Member of Enumeration: PhysicalExam
[^top]

AboutPage

Web page type: About page.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

AcceptAction

The act of committing to/adopting an object.

Related actions:


Properties used on this type:

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[^top]

Accommodation

An accommodation is a place that can accommodate human beings, e.g. a hotel room, a camping pitch, or a meeting room. Many accommodations are for overnight stays, but this is not a mandatory requirement. For more specific types of accommodations not defined in schema.org, one can use additionalType with external vocabularies.

See also the dedicated document on the use of schema.org for marking up hotels and other forms of accommodations.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

AccountingService

Accountancy business.

As a LocalBusiness it can be described as a provider of one or more Service(s).


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AchieveAction

The act of accomplishing something via previous efforts. It is an instantaneous action rather than an ongoing process.


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Action

An action performed by a direct agent and indirect participants upon a direct object. Optionally happens at a location with the help of an inanimate instrument. The execution of the action may produce a result. Specific action sub-type documentation specifies the exact expectation of each argument/role.

See also blog post and Actions overview document.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

ActionAccessSpecification

A set of requirements that a must be fulfilled in order to perform an Action.


Properties used on this type:
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ActionStatusType

An Enumeration

The status of an Action.


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Enumeration members of this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

ActivateAction

The act of starting or activating a device or application (e.g. starting a timer or turning on a flashlight).


Properties used on this type:

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[^top]

ActivationFee

An Enumeration member

Represents the activation fee part of the total price for an offered product, for example a cellphone contract.


Member of Enumeration: PriceComponentTypeEnumeration
[^top]

ActiveActionStatus

An Enumeration member

An in-progress action (e.g, while watching the movie, or driving to a location).


Member of Enumeration: ActionStatusType
[^top]

ActiveNotRecruiting

An Enumeration member

Active, but not recruiting new participants.


Member of Enumeration: MedicalStudyStatus
[^top]

AddAction

The act of editing by adding an object to a collection.


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AdministrativeArea

A geographical region, typically under the jurisdiction of a particular government.


Properties used on this type:

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AdultEntertainment

An adult entertainment establishment.


Properties used on this type:

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[^top]

AdvertiserContentArticle

An Article that an external entity has paid to place or to produce to its specifications. Includes advertorials, sponsored content, native advertising and other paid content.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

AerobicActivity

An Enumeration member

Physical activity of relatively low intensity that depends primarily on the aerobic energy-generating process; during activity, the aerobic metabolism uses oxygen to adequately meet energy demands during exercise.


Member of Enumeration: PhysicalActivityCategory
[^top]

AggregateOffer

When a single product is associated with multiple offers (for example, the same pair of shoes is offered by different merchants), then AggregateOffer can be used.

Note: AggregateOffers are normally expected to associate multiple offers that all share the same defined businessFunction value, or default to http://purl.org/goodrelations/v1#Sell if businessFunction is not explicitly defined.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

AggregateRating

The average rating based on multiple ratings or reviews.


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AgreeAction

The act of expressing a consistency of opinion with the object. An agent agrees to/about an object (a proposition, topic or theme) with participants.


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Airline

An organization that provides flights for passengers.


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Airport

An airport.


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AlbumRelease

An Enumeration member

AlbumRelease.


Member of Enumeration: MusicAlbumReleaseType
[^top]

AlignmentObject

An intangible item that describes an alignment between a learning resource and a node in an educational framework.

Should not be used where the nature of the alignment can be described using a simple property, for example to express that a resource teaches or assesses a competency.


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Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

AllWheelDriveConfiguration

An Enumeration member

All-wheel Drive is a transmission layout where the engine drives all four wheels.


Member of Enumeration: DriveWheelConfigurationValue
[^top]

AllergiesHealthAspect

An Enumeration member

Content about the allergy-related aspects of a health topic.


Member of Enumeration: HealthAspectEnumeration
[^top]

AllocateAction

The act of organizing tasks/objects/events by associating resources to it.


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AmpStory

A creative work with a visual storytelling format intended to be viewed online, particularly on mobile devices.


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AmusementPark

An amusement park.


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AnaerobicActivity

An Enumeration member

Physical activity that is of high-intensity which utilizes the anaerobic metabolism of the body.


Member of Enumeration: PhysicalActivityCategory
[^top]

AnalysisNewsArticle

An AnalysisNewsArticle is a NewsArticle that, while based on factual reporting, incorporates the expertise of the author/producer, offering interpretations and conclusions.


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AnatomicalStructure

Any part of the human body, typically a component of an anatomical system. Organs, tissues, and cells are all anatomical structures.


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AnatomicalSystem

An anatomical system is a group of anatomical structures that work together to perform a certain task. Anatomical systems, such as organ systems, are one organizing principle of anatomy, and can includes circulatory, digestive, endocrine, integumentary, immune, lymphatic, muscular, nervous, reproductive, respiratory, skeletal, urinary, vestibular, and other systems.


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Anesthesia

An Enumeration member

A specific branch of medical science that pertains to study of anesthetics and their application.


Member of Enumeration: MedicalSpecialty
[^top]

AnimalShelter

Animal shelter.


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Answer

An answer offered to a question; perhaps correct, perhaps opinionated or wrong.


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Apartment

An apartment (in American English) or flat (in British English) is a self-contained housing unit (a type of residential real estate) that occupies only part of a building (Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apartment).


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ApartmentComplex

Residence type: Apartment complex.


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Appearance

An Enumeration member

Appearance assessment with clinical examination.


Member of Enumeration: PhysicalExam
[^top]

AppendAction

The act of inserting at the end if an ordered collection.


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ApplyAction

The act of registering to an organization/service without the guarantee to receive it.

Related actions:

  • RegisterAction: Unlike RegisterAction, ApplyAction has no guarantees that the application will be accepted.


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ApprovedIndication

An indication for a medical therapy that has been formally specified or approved by a regulatory body that regulates use of the therapy; for example, the US FDA approves indications for most drugs in the US.


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Aquarium

Aquarium.


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ArchiveComponent

An intangible type to be applied to any archive content, carrying with it a set of properties required to describe archival items and collections.


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ArchiveOrganization

An organization with archival holdings. An organization which keeps and preserves archival material and typically makes it accessible to the public.


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ArriveAction

The act of arriving at a place. An agent arrives at a destination from a fromLocation, optionally with participants.


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ArtGallery

An art gallery.


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Artery

A type of blood vessel that specifically carries blood away from the heart.


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Article

An article, such as a news article or piece of investigative report. Newspapers and magazines have articles of many different types and this is intended to cover them all.

See also blog post.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

AskAction

The act of posing a question / favor to someone.

Related actions:

  • ReplyAction: Appears generally as a response to AskAction.


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[^top]

AskPublicNewsArticle

A NewsArticle expressing an open call by a NewsMediaOrganization asking the public for input, insights, clarifications, anecdotes, documentation, etc., on an issue, for reporting purposes.


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AssessAction

The act of forming one's opinion, reaction or sentiment.


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AssignAction

The act of allocating an action/event/task to some destination (someone or something).


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Atlas

A collection or bound volume of maps, charts, plates or tables, physical or in media form illustrating any subject.


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Attorney

Professional service: Attorney.

This type is deprecated - LegalService is more inclusive and less ambiguous.


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Audience

Intended audience for an item, i.e. the group for whom the item was created.


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AudioObject

An audio file.


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AudioObjectSnapshot

A specific and exact (byte-for-byte) version of an AudioObject. Two byte-for-byte identical files, for the purposes of this type, considered identical. If they have different embedded metadata the files will differ. Different external facts about the files, e.g. creator or dateCreated that aren't represented in their actual content, do not affect this notion of identity.


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Audiobook

An audiobook.


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AudiobookFormat

An Enumeration member

Book format: Audiobook. This is an enumerated value for use with the bookFormat property. There is also a type 'Audiobook' in the bib extension which includes Audiobook specific properties.


Member of Enumeration: BookFormatType
[^top]

AuthoritativeLegalValue

An Enumeration member

Indicates that the publisher gives some special status to the publication of the document. ("The Queens Printer" version of a UK Act of Parliament, or the PDF version of a Directive published by the EU Office of Publications). Something "Authoritative" is considered to be also OfficialLegalValue".


Member of Enumeration: LegalValueLevel
[^top]

AuthorizeAction

The act of granting permission to an object.


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AutoBodyShop

Auto body shop.


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AutoDealer

An car dealership.


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AutoPartsStore

An auto parts store.


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AutoRental

A car rental business.


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AutoRepair

Car repair business.


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AutoWash

A car wash business.


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AutomatedTeller

ATM/cash machine.


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AutomotiveBusiness

Car repair, sales, or parts.


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Ayurvedic

An Enumeration member

A system of medicine that originated in India over thousands of years and that focuses on integrating and balancing the body, mind, and spirit.


Member of Enumeration: MedicineSystem
[^top]

BackOrder

An Enumeration member

Indicates that the item is available on back order.


Member of Enumeration: ItemAvailability
[^top]

BackgroundNewsArticle

A NewsArticle providing historical context, definition and detail on a specific topic (aka "explainer" or "backgrounder"). For example, an in-depth article or frequently-asked-questions (FAQ) document on topics such as Climate Change or the European Union. Other kinds of background material from a non-news setting are often described using Book or Article, in particular ScholarlyArticle. See also NewsArticle for related vocabulary from a learning/education perspective.


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Bacteria

An Enumeration member

Pathogenic bacteria that cause bacterial infection.


Member of Enumeration: InfectiousAgentClass
[^top]

Bakery

A bakery.


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Balance

An Enumeration member

Physical activity that is engaged to help maintain posture and balance.


Member of Enumeration: PhysicalActivityCategory
[^top]

BankAccount

A product or service offered by a bank whereby one may deposit, withdraw or transfer money and in some cases be paid interest.


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BankOrCreditUnion

Bank or credit union.


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BarOrPub

A bar or pub.


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Barcode

An image of a visual machine-readable code such as a barcode or QR code.


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BasicIncome

An Enumeration member

BasicIncome: this is a benefit for basic income.


Member of Enumeration: GovernmentBenefitsType
[^top]

Beach

Beach.


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BeautySalon

Beauty salon.


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BedAndBreakfast

Bed and breakfast.

See also the dedicated document on the use of schema.org for marking up hotels and other forms of accommodations.


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[^top]

BedDetails

An entity holding detailed information about the available bed types, e.g. the quantity of twin beds for a hotel room. For the single case of just one bed of a certain type, you can use bed directly with a text. See also BedType (under development).


Properties used on this type:
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BedType

An Enumeration

A type of bed. This is used for indicating the bed or beds available in an accommodation.


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Enumeration members of this type:

Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

BefriendAction

The act of forming a personal connection with someone (object) mutually/bidirectionally/symmetrically.

Related actions:

  • FollowAction: Unlike FollowAction, BefriendAction implies that the connection is reciprocal.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
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BenefitsHealthAspect

An Enumeration member

Content about the benefits and advantages of usage or utilization of topic.


Member of Enumeration: HealthAspectEnumeration
[^top]

BikeStore

A bike store.


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BioChemEntity

Any biological, chemical, or biochemical thing. For example: a protein; a gene; a chemical; a synthetic chemical.


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Blog

A blog, sometimes known as a "weblog". Note that the individual posts (BlogPostings) in a Blog are often colloqually referred to by the same term.


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BlogPosting

A blog post.


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BloodTest

A medical test performed on a sample of a patient's blood.


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BoardingPolicyType

An Enumeration

A type of boarding policy used by an airline.


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BoatReservation

A reservation for boat travel.

Note: This type is for information about actual reservations, e.g. in confirmation emails or HTML pages with individual confirmations of reservations. For offers of tickets, use Offer.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

BoatTerminal

A terminal for boats, ships, and other water vessels.


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Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

BoatTrip

A trip on a commercial ferry line.


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BodyMeasurementArm

An Enumeration member

Arm length (measured between arms/shoulder line intersection and the prominent wrist bone). Used, for example, to fit shirts.


Member of Enumeration: BodyMeasurementTypeEnumeration
[^top]

BodyMeasurementBust

An Enumeration member

Maximum girth of bust. Used, for example, to fit women's suits.


Member of Enumeration: BodyMeasurementTypeEnumeration
[^top]

BodyMeasurementChest

An Enumeration member

Maximum girth of chest. Used, for example, to fit men's suits.


Member of Enumeration: BodyMeasurementTypeEnumeration
[^top]

BodyMeasurementFoot

An Enumeration member

Foot length (measured between end of the most prominent toe and the most prominent part of the heel). Used, for example, to measure socks.


Member of Enumeration: BodyMeasurementTypeEnumeration
[^top]

BodyMeasurementHand

An Enumeration member

Maximum hand girth (measured over the knuckles of the open right hand excluding thumb, fingers together). Used, for example, to fit gloves.


Member of Enumeration: BodyMeasurementTypeEnumeration
[^top]

BodyMeasurementHead

An Enumeration member

Maximum girth of head above the ears. Used, for example, to fit hats.


Member of Enumeration: BodyMeasurementTypeEnumeration
[^top]

BodyMeasurementHeight

An Enumeration member

Body height (measured between crown of head and soles of feet). Used, for example, to fit jackets.


Member of Enumeration: BodyMeasurementTypeEnumeration
[^top]

BodyMeasurementHips

An Enumeration member

Girth of hips (measured around the buttocks). Used, for example, to fit skirts.


Member of Enumeration: BodyMeasurementTypeEnumeration
[^top]

BodyMeasurementInsideLeg

An Enumeration member

Inside leg (measured between crotch and soles of feet). Used, for example, to fit pants.


Member of Enumeration: BodyMeasurementTypeEnumeration
[^top]

BodyMeasurementNeck

An Enumeration member

Girth of neck. Used, for example, to fit shirts.


Member of Enumeration: BodyMeasurementTypeEnumeration
[^top]

BodyMeasurementTypeEnumeration

An Enumeration

Enumerates types (or dimensions) of a person's body measurements, for example for fitting of clothes.


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Enumeration members of this type:
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BodyMeasurementUnderbust

An Enumeration member

Girth of body just below the bust. Used, for example, to fit women's swimwear.


Member of Enumeration: BodyMeasurementTypeEnumeration
[^top]

BodyMeasurementWaist

An Enumeration member

Girth of natural waistline (between hip bones and lower ribs). Used, for example, to fit pants.


Member of Enumeration: BodyMeasurementTypeEnumeration
[^top]

BodyMeasurementWeight

An Enumeration member

Body weight. Used, for example, to measure pantyhose.


Member of Enumeration: BodyMeasurementTypeEnumeration
[^top]

BodyOfWater

A body of water, such as a sea, ocean, or lake.


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Bone

Rigid connective tissue that comprises up the skeletal structure of the human body.


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Book

A book.


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BookFormatType

An Enumeration

The publication format of the book.


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Enumeration members of this type:
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BookSeries

A series of books. Included books can be indicated with the hasPart property.


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BookStore

A bookstore.


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BookmarkAction

An agent bookmarks/flags/labels/tags/marks an object.


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Boolean

A Datatype

Boolean: True or False.


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BorrowAction

The act of obtaining an object under an agreement to return it at a later date. Reciprocal of LendAction.

Related actions:


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BowlingAlley

A bowling alley.


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BrainStructure

Any anatomical structure which pertains to the soft nervous tissue functioning as the coordinating center of sensation and intellectual and nervous activity.


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Brand

A brand is a name used by an organization or business person for labeling a product, product group, or similar.


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BreadcrumbList

A BreadcrumbList is an ItemList consisting of a chain of linked Web pages, typically described using at least their URL and their name, and typically ending with the current page.

The position property is used to reconstruct the order of the items in a BreadcrumbList The convention is that a breadcrumb list has an itemListOrder of ItemListOrderAscending (lower values listed first), and that the first items in this list correspond to the "top" or beginning of the breadcrumb trail, e.g. with a site or section homepage. The specific values of 'position' are not assigned meaning for a BreadcrumbList, but they should be integers, e.g. beginning with '1' for the first item in the list.


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Brewery

Brewery.


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Bridge

A bridge.


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BroadcastChannel

A unique instance of a BroadcastService on a CableOrSatelliteService lineup.


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BroadcastEvent

An over the air or online broadcast event.


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BroadcastFrequencySpecification

The frequency in MHz and the modulation used for a particular BroadcastService.


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BroadcastRelease

An Enumeration member

BroadcastRelease.


Member of Enumeration: MusicAlbumReleaseType
[^top]

BroadcastService

A delivery service through which content is provided via broadcast over the air or online.


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BrokerageAccount

An account that allows an investor to deposit funds and place investment orders with a licensed broker or brokerage firm.


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BuddhistTemple

A Buddhist temple.


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BusOrCoach

A bus (also omnibus or autobus) is a road vehicle designed to carry passengers. Coaches are luxury busses, usually in service for long distance travel.


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BusReservation

A reservation for bus travel.

Note: This type is for information about actual reservations, e.g. in confirmation emails or HTML pages with individual confirmations of reservations. For offers of tickets, use Offer.


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BusStation

A bus station.


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BusStop

A bus stop.


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BusTrip

A trip on a commercial bus line.


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BusinessAudience

A set of characteristics belonging to businesses, e.g. who compose an item's target audience.


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BusinessEntityType

An Enumeration

A business entity type is a conceptual entity representing the legal form, the size, the main line of business, the position in the value chain, or any combination thereof, of an organization or business person.

Commonly used values:

  • http://purl.org/goodrelations/v1#Business
  • http://purl.org/goodrelations/v1#Enduser
  • http://purl.org/goodrelations/v1#PublicInstitution
  • http://purl.org/goodrelations/v1#Reseller


Properties used on this type:

Enumeration members of this type:

Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

BusinessEvent

Event type: Business event.


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BusinessFunction

An Enumeration

The business function specifies the type of activity or access (i.e., the bundle of rights) offered by the organization or business person through the offer. Typical are sell, rental or lease, maintenance or repair, manufacture / produce, recycle / dispose, engineering / construction, or installation. Proprietary specifications of access rights are also instances of this class.

Commonly used values:

  • http://purl.org/goodrelations/v1#ConstructionInstallation
  • http://purl.org/goodrelations/v1#Dispose
  • http://purl.org/goodrelations/v1#LeaseOut
  • http://purl.org/goodrelations/v1#Maintain
  • http://purl.org/goodrelations/v1#ProvideService
  • http://purl.org/goodrelations/v1#Repair
  • http://purl.org/goodrelations/v1#Sell
  • http://purl.org/goodrelations/v1#Buy


Properties used on this type:

Enumeration members of this type:

Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

BusinessSupport

An Enumeration member

BusinessSupport: this is a benefit for supporting businesses.


Member of Enumeration: GovernmentBenefitsType
[^top]

BuyAction

The act of giving money to a seller in exchange for goods or services rendered. An agent buys an object, product, or service from a seller for a price. Reciprocal of SellAction.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

CDCPMDRecord

A CDCPMDRecord is a data structure representing a record in a CDC tabular data format used for hospital data reporting. See documentation for details, and the linked CDC materials for authoritative definitions used as the source here.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

CDFormat

An Enumeration member

CDFormat.


Member of Enumeration: MusicReleaseFormatType
[^top]

CT

An Enumeration member

X-ray computed tomography imaging.


Member of Enumeration: MedicalImagingTechnique
[^top]

CableOrSatelliteService

A service which provides access to media programming like TV or radio. Access may be via cable or satellite.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

CafeOrCoffeeShop

A cafe or coffee shop.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

Campground

A camping site, campsite, or Campground is a place used for overnight stay in the outdoors, typically containing individual CampingPitch locations.

In British English a campsite is an area, usually divided into a number of pitches, where people can camp overnight using tents or camper vans or caravans; this British English use of the word is synonymous with the American English expression campground. In American English the term campsite generally means an area where an individual, family, group, or military unit can pitch a tent or park a camper; a campground may contain many campsites (Source: Wikipedia see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Campsite).

See also the dedicated document on the use of schema.org for marking up hotels and other forms of accommodations.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

CampingPitch

A CampingPitch is an individual place for overnight stay in the outdoors, typically being part of a larger camping site, or Campground.

In British English a campsite, or campground, is an area, usually divided into a number of pitches, where people can camp overnight using tents or camper vans or caravans; this British English use of the word is synonymous with the American English expression campground. In American English the term campsite generally means an area where an individual, family, group, or military unit can pitch a tent or park a camper; a campground may contain many campsites. (Source: Wikipedia see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Campsite).

See also the dedicated document on the use of schema.org for marking up hotels and other forms of accommodations.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

Canal

A canal, like the Panama Canal.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

CancelAction

The act of asserting that a future event/action is no longer going to happen.

Related actions:


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

Car

A car is a wheeled, self-powered motor vehicle used for transportation.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

CarUsageType

An Enumeration

A value indicating a special usage of a car, e.g. commercial rental, driving school, or as a taxi.


Properties used on this type:

Enumeration members of this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

Cardiovascular

An Enumeration member

A specific branch of medical science that pertains to diagnosis and treatment of disorders of heart and vasculature.


Member of Enumeration: MedicalSpecialty
[^top]

CardiovascularExam

An Enumeration member

Cardiovascular system assessment withclinical examination.


Member of Enumeration: PhysicalExam
[^top]

CaseSeries

An Enumeration member

A case series (also known as a clinical series) is a medical research study that tracks patients with a known exposure given similar treatment or examines their medical records for exposure and outcome. A case series can be retrospective or prospective and usually involves a smaller number of patients than the more powerful case-control studies or randomized controlled trials. Case series may be consecutive or non-consecutive, depending on whether all cases presenting to the reporting authors over a period of time were included, or only a selection.


Member of Enumeration: MedicalObservationalStudyDesign
[^top]

Casino

A casino.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

CassetteFormat

An Enumeration member

CassetteFormat.


Member of Enumeration: MusicReleaseFormatType
[^top]

CategoryCode

A Category Code.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

CategoryCodeSet

A set of Category Code values.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

CatholicChurch

A Catholic church.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

CausesHealthAspect

An Enumeration member

Information about the causes and main actions that gave rise to the topic.


Member of Enumeration: HealthAspectEnumeration
[^top]

Cemetery

A graveyard.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

Chapter

One of the sections into which a book is divided. A chapter usually has a section number or a name.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

CharitableIncorporatedOrganization

An Enumeration member

CharitableIncorporatedOrganization: Non-profit type referring to a Charitable Incorporated Organization (UK).


Member of Enumeration: UKNonprofitType
[^top]

CheckAction

An agent inspects, determines, investigates, inquires, or examines an object's accuracy, quality, condition, or state.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

CheckInAction

The act of an agent communicating (service provider, social media, etc) their arrival by registering/confirming for a previously reserved service (e.g. flight check in) or at a place (e.g. hotel), possibly resulting in a result (boarding pass, etc).

Related actions:

  • CheckOutAction: The antonym of CheckInAction.
  • ArriveAction: Unlike ArriveAction, CheckInAction implies that the agent is informing/confirming the start of a previously reserved service.
  • ConfirmAction: Unlike ConfirmAction, CheckInAction implies that the agent is informing/confirming the start of a previously reserved service rather than its validity/existence.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

CheckOutAction

The act of an agent communicating (service provider, social media, etc) their departure of a previously reserved service (e.g. flight check in) or place (e.g. hotel).

Related actions:

  • CheckInAction: The antonym of CheckOutAction.
  • DepartAction: Unlike DepartAction, CheckOutAction implies that the agent is informing/confirming the end of a previously reserved service.
  • CancelAction: Unlike CancelAction, CheckOutAction implies that the agent is informing/confirming the end of a previously reserved service.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

CheckoutPage

Web page type: Checkout page.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

ChemicalSubstance

A chemical substance is 'a portion of matter of constant composition, composed of molecular entities of the same type or of different types' (source: ChEBI:59999).


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
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ChildCare

A Childcare center.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

ChildrensEvent

Event type: Children's event.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

Chiropractic

An Enumeration member

A system of medicine focused on the relationship between the body's structure, mainly the spine, and its functioning.


Member of Enumeration: MedicineSystem
[^top]

ChooseAction

The act of expressing a preference from a set of options or a large or unbounded set of choices/options.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
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Church

A church.


Properties used on this type:

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[^top]

City

A city or town.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

CityHall

A city hall.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

CivicStructure

A public structure, such as a town hall or concert hall.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

Claim

A Claim in Schema.org represents a specific, factually-oriented claim that could be the itemReviewed in a ClaimReview. The content of a claim can be summarized with the text property. Variations on well known claims can have their common identity indicated via sameAs links, and summarized with a name. Ideally, a Claim description includes enough contextual information to minimize the risk of ambiguity or inclarity. In practice, many claims are better understood in the context in which they appear or the interpretations provided by claim reviews.

Beyond ClaimReview, the Claim type can be associated with related creative works - for example a ScholarlyArticle or Question might be about some Claim.

At this time, Schema.org does not define any types of relationship between claims. This is a natural area for future exploration.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

ClaimReview

A fact-checking review of claims made (or reported) in some creative work (referenced via itemReviewed).


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

Class

A class, also often called a 'Type'; equivalent to rdfs:Class.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

CleaningFee

An Enumeration member

Represents the cleaning fee part of the total price for an offered product, for example a vacation rental.


Member of Enumeration: PriceComponentTypeEnumeration
[^top]

Clinician

An Enumeration member

Medical clinicians, including practicing physicians and other medical professionals involved in clinical practice.


Member of Enumeration: MedicalAudienceType
[^top]

Clip

A short TV or radio program or a segment/part of a program.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

ClothingStore

A clothing store.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

CoOp

An Enumeration member

Play mode: CoOp. Co-operative games, where you play on the same team with friends.


Member of Enumeration: GamePlayMode
[^top]

Code

Computer programming source code. Example: Full (compile ready) solutions, code snippet samples, scripts, templates.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

CohortStudy

An Enumeration member

Also known as a panel study. A cohort study is a form of longitudinal study used in medicine and social science. It is one type of study design and should be compared with a cross-sectional study. A cohort is a group of people who share a common characteristic or experience within a defined period (e.g., are born, leave school, lose their job, are exposed to a drug or a vaccine, etc.). The comparison group may be the general population from which the cohort is drawn, or it may be another cohort of persons thought to have had little or no exposure to the substance under investigation, but otherwise similar. Alternatively, subgroups within the cohort may be compared with each other.


Member of Enumeration: MedicalObservationalStudyDesign
[^top]

Collection

A collection of items e.g. creative works or products.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

CollectionPage

Web page type: Collection page.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

CollegeOrUniversity

A college, university, or other third-level educational institution.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

ComedyClub

A comedy club.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

ComedyEvent

Event type: Comedy event.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

ComicCoverArt

The artwork on the cover of a comic.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

ComicIssue

Individual comic issues are serially published as part of a larger series. For the sake of consistency, even one-shot issues belong to a series comprised of a single issue. All comic issues can be uniquely identified by: the combination of the name and volume number of the series to which the issue belongs; the issue number; and the variant description of the issue (if any).


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

ComicSeries

A sequential publication of comic stories under a unifying title, for example "The Amazing Spider-Man" or "Groo the Wanderer".


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

ComicStory

The term "story" is any indivisible, re-printable unit of a comic, including the interior stories, covers, and backmatter. Most comics have at least two stories: a cover (ComicCoverArt) and an interior story.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

Comment

A comment on an item - for example, a comment on a blog post. The comment's content is expressed via the text property, and its topic via about, properties shared with all CreativeWorks.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

CommentAction

The act of generating a comment about a subject.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

CommentPermission

An Enumeration member

Permission to add comments to the document.


Member of Enumeration: DigitalDocumentPermissionType
[^top]

CommunicateAction

The act of conveying information to another person via a communication medium (instrument) such as speech, email, or telephone conversation.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

CommunityHealth

An Enumeration member

A field of public health focusing on improving health characteristics of a defined population in relation with their geographical or environment areas.


Member of Enumeration: MedicalSpecialty
[^top]

CompilationAlbum

An Enumeration member

CompilationAlbum.


Member of Enumeration: MusicAlbumProductionType
[^top]

CompleteDataFeed

A CompleteDataFeed is a DataFeed whose standard representation includes content for every item currently in the feed.

This is the equivalent of Atom's element as defined in Feed Paging and Archiving RFC 5005, For example (and as defined for Atom), when using data from a feed that represents a collection of items that varies over time (e.g. "Top Twenty Records") there is no need to have newer entries mixed in alongside older, obsolete entries. By marking this feed as a CompleteDataFeed, old entries can be safely discarded when the feed is refreshed, since we can assume the feed has provided descriptions for all current items.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

Completed

An Enumeration member

Completed.


Member of Enumeration: MedicalStudyStatus
[^top]

CompletedActionStatus

An Enumeration member

An action that has already taken place.


Member of Enumeration: ActionStatusType
[^top]

CompoundPriceSpecification

A compound price specification is one that bundles multiple prices that all apply in combination for different dimensions of consumption. Use the name property of the attached unit price specification for indicating the dimension of a price component (e.g. "electricity" or "final cleaning").


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

ComputerLanguage

This type covers computer programming languages such as Scheme and Lisp, as well as other language-like computer representations. Natural languages are best represented with the Language type.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

ComputerStore

A computer store.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

ConfirmAction

The act of notifying someone that a future event/action is going to happen as expected.

Related actions:


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

Consortium

A Consortium is a membership Organization whose members are typically Organizations.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

ConsumeAction

The act of ingesting information/resources/food.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

ContactPage

Web page type: Contact page.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

ContactPoint

A contact point—for example, a Customer Complaints department.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

ContactPointOption

An Enumeration

Enumerated options related to a ContactPoint.


Properties used on this type:

Enumeration members of this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

ContagiousnessHealthAspect

An Enumeration member

Content about contagion mechanisms and contagiousness information over the topic.


Member of Enumeration: HealthAspectEnumeration
[^top]

Continent

One of the continents (for example, Europe or Africa).


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

ControlAction

An agent controls a device or application.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

ConvenienceStore

A convenience store.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

Conversation

One or more messages between organizations or people on a particular topic. Individual messages can be linked to the conversation with isPartOf or hasPart properties.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

CookAction

The act of producing/preparing food.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

Corporation

Organization: A business corporation.


Properties used on this type:
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[^top]

CorrectionComment

A comment that corrects CreativeWork.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

Country

A country.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

Course

A description of an educational course which may be offered as distinct instances at which take place at different times or take place at different locations, or be offered through different media or modes of study. An educational course is a sequence of one or more educational events and/or creative works which aims to build knowledge, competence or ability of learners.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

CourseInstance

An instance of a Course which is distinct from other instances because it is offered at a different time or location or through different media or modes of study or to a specific section of students.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

Courthouse

A courthouse.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

CoverArt

The artwork on the outer surface of a CreativeWork.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

CovidTestingFacility

A CovidTestingFacility is a MedicalClinic where testing for the COVID-19 Coronavirus disease is available. If the facility is being made available from an established Pharmacy, Hotel, or other non-medical organization, multiple types can be listed. This makes it easier to re-use existing schema.org information about that place e.g. contact info, address, opening hours. Note that in an emergency, such information may not always be reliable.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

CreateAction

The act of deliberately creating/producing/generating/building a result out of the agent.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

CreativeWork

The most generic kind of creative work, including books, movies, photographs, software programs, etc.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

CreativeWorkSeason

A media season e.g. tv, radio, video game etc.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

CreativeWorkSeries

A CreativeWorkSeries in schema.org is a group of related items, typically but not necessarily of the same kind. CreativeWorkSeries are usually organized into some order, often chronological. Unlike ItemList which is a general purpose data structure for lists of things, the emphasis with CreativeWorkSeries is on published materials (written e.g. books and periodicals, or media such as tv, radio and games).

Specific subtypes are available for describing TVSeries, RadioSeries, MovieSeries, BookSeries, Periodical and VideoGameSeries. In each case, the hasPart / isPartOf properties can be used to relate the CreativeWorkSeries to its parts. The general CreativeWorkSeries type serves largely just to organize these more specific and practical subtypes.

It is common for properties applicable to an item from the series to be usefully applied to the containing group. Schema.org attempts to anticipate some of these cases, but publishers should be free to apply properties of the series parts to the series as a whole wherever they seem appropriate.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

CreditCard

An Enumeration

A card payment method of a particular brand or name. Used to mark up a particular payment method and/or the financial product/service that supplies the card account.

Commonly used values:

  • http://purl.org/goodrelations/v1#AmericanExpress
  • http://purl.org/goodrelations/v1#DinersClub
  • http://purl.org/goodrelations/v1#Discover
  • http://purl.org/goodrelations/v1#JCB
  • http://purl.org/goodrelations/v1#MasterCard
  • http://purl.org/goodrelations/v1#VISA


Properties used on this type:

Enumeration members of this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

Crematorium

A crematorium.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

CriticReview

A CriticReview is a more specialized form of Review written or published by a source that is recognized for its reviewing activities. These can include online columns, travel and food guides, TV and radio shows, blogs and other independent Web sites. CriticReviews are typically more in-depth and professionally written. For simpler, casually written user/visitor/viewer/customer reviews, it is more appropriate to use the UserReview type. Review aggregator sites such as Metacritic already separate out the site's user reviews from selected critic reviews that originate from third-party sources.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

CrossSectional

An Enumeration member

Studies carried out on pre-existing data (usually from 'snapshot' surveys), such as that collected by the Census Bureau. Sometimes called Prevalence Studies.


Member of Enumeration: MedicalObservationalStudyDesign
[^top]

CssSelectorType

Text representing a CSS selector.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

CurrencyConversionService

A service to convert funds from one currency to another currency.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

DDxElement

An alternative, closely-related condition typically considered later in the differential diagnosis process along with the signs that are used to distinguish it.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

DJMixAlbum

An Enumeration member

DJMixAlbum.


Member of Enumeration: MusicAlbumProductionType
[^top]

DVDFormat

An Enumeration member

DVDFormat.


Member of Enumeration: MusicReleaseFormatType
[^top]

DamagedCondition

An Enumeration member

Indicates that the item is damaged.


Member of Enumeration: OfferItemCondition
[^top]

DanceEvent

Event type: A social dance.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

DanceGroup

A dance group—for example, the Alvin Ailey Dance Theater or Riverdance.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

DataCatalog

A collection of datasets.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

DataDownload

A dataset in downloadable form.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

DataFeed

A single feed providing structured information about one or more entities or topics.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

DataFeedItem

A single item within a larger data feed.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

DataType

A Datatype

The basic data types such as Integers, Strings, etc.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

Dataset

A body of structured information describing some topic(s) of interest.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

Date

A Datatype

A date value in ISO 8601 date format.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

DateTime

A Datatype

A combination of date and time of day in the form [-]CCYY-MM-DDThh:mm:ss[Z|(+|-)hh:mm] (see Chapter 5.4 of ISO 8601).


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

DatedMoneySpecification

A DatedMoneySpecification represents monetary values with optional start and end dates. For example, this could represent an employee's salary over a specific period of time. Note: This type has been superseded by MonetaryAmount use of that type is recommended


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

DayOfWeek

An Enumeration

The day of the week, e.g. used to specify to which day the opening hours of an OpeningHoursSpecification refer.

Originally, URLs from GoodRelations were used (for Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday plus a special entry for PublicHolidays); these have now been integrated directly into schema.org.


Properties used on this type:

Enumeration members of this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

DaySpa

A day spa.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

DeactivateAction

The act of stopping or deactivating a device or application (e.g. stopping a timer or turning off a flashlight).


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

DecontextualizedContent

An Enumeration member

Content coded 'missing context' in a MediaReview, considered in the context of how it was published or shared.

For a VideoObject to be 'missing context': Presenting unaltered video in an inaccurate manner that misrepresents the footage. For example, using incorrect dates or locations, altering the transcript or sharing brief clips from a longer video to mislead viewers. (A video rated 'original' can also be missing context.)

For an ImageObject to be 'missing context': Presenting unaltered images in an inaccurate manner to misrepresent the image and mislead the viewer. For example, a common tactic is using an unaltered image but saying it came from a different time or place. (An image rated 'original' can also be missing context.)

For an ImageObject with embedded text to be 'missing context': An unaltered image presented in an inaccurate manner to misrepresent the image and mislead the viewer. For example, a common tactic is using an unaltered image but saying it came from a different time or place. (An 'original' image with inaccurate text would generally fall in this category.)

For an AudioObject to be 'missing context': Unaltered audio presented in an inaccurate manner that misrepresents it. For example, using incorrect dates or locations, or sharing brief clips from a longer recording to mislead viewers. (Audio rated “original” can also be missing context.)


Member of Enumeration: MediaManipulationRatingEnumeration
[^top]

DefenceEstablishment

A defence establishment, such as an army or navy base.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
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DefinedRegion

A DefinedRegion is a geographic area defined by potentially arbitrary (rather than political, administrative or natural geographical) criteria. Properties are provided for defining a region by reference to sets of postal codes.

Examples: a delivery destination when shopping. Region where regional pricing is configured.

Requirement 1: Country: US States: "NY", "CA"

Requirement 2: Country: US PostalCode Set: { [94000-94585], [97000, 97999], [13000, 13599]} { [12345, 12345], [78945, 78945], } Region = state, canton, prefecture, autonomous community...


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

DefinedTerm

A word, name, acronym, phrase, etc. with a formal definition. Often used in the context of category or subject classification, glossaries or dictionaries, product or creative work types, etc. Use the name property for the term being defined, use termCode if the term has an alpha-numeric code allocated, use description to provide the definition of the term.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

DefinedTermSet

A set of defined terms for example a set of categories or a classification scheme, a glossary, dictionary or enumeration.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

DefinitiveLegalValue

An Enumeration member

Indicates a document for which the text is conclusively what the law says and is legally binding. (e.g. The digitally signed version of an Official Journal.) Something "Definitive" is considered to be also AuthoritativeLegalValue.


Member of Enumeration: LegalValueLevel
[^top]

DeleteAction

The act of editing a recipient by removing one of its objects.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

DeliveryChargeSpecification

The price for the delivery of an offer using a particular delivery method.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

DeliveryEvent

An event involving the delivery of an item.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

DeliveryMethod

An Enumeration

A delivery method is a standardized procedure for transferring the product or service to the destination of fulfillment chosen by the customer. Delivery methods are characterized by the means of transportation used, and by the organization or group that is the contracting party for the sending organization or person.

Commonly used values:

  • http://purl.org/goodrelations/v1#DeliveryModeDirectDownload
  • http://purl.org/goodrelations/v1#DeliveryModeFreight
  • http://purl.org/goodrelations/v1#DeliveryModeMail
  • http://purl.org/goodrelations/v1#DeliveryModeOwnFleet
  • http://purl.org/goodrelations/v1#DeliveryModePickUp
  • http://purl.org/goodrelations/v1#DHL
  • http://purl.org/goodrelations/v1#FederalExpress
  • http://purl.org/goodrelations/v1#UPS


Properties used on this type:

Enumeration members of this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

DeliveryTimeSettings

A DeliveryTimeSettings represents re-usable pieces of shipping information, relating to timing. It is designed for publication on an URL that may be referenced via the shippingSettingsLink property of a OfferShippingDetails. Several occurrences can be published, distinguished (and identified/referenced) by their different values for transitTimeLabel.


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Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

Demand

A demand entity represents the public, not necessarily binding, not necessarily exclusive, announcement by an organization or person to seek a certain type of goods or services. For describing demand using this type, the very same properties used for Offer apply.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

DemoAlbum

An Enumeration member

DemoAlbum.


Member of Enumeration: MusicAlbumProductionType
[^top]

Dentist

A dentist.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

Dentistry

An Enumeration member

A branch of medicine that is involved in the dental care.


Member of Enumeration: MedicalSpecialty
[^top]

DepartAction

The act of departing from a place. An agent departs from an fromLocation for a destination, optionally with participants.


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Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

DepartmentStore

A department store.


Properties used on this type:

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[^top]

DepositAccount

A type of Bank Account with a main purpose of depositing funds to gain interest or other benefits.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

Dermatologic

An Enumeration member

Something relating to or practicing dermatology.


Member of Enumeration: MedicalSpecialty
[^top]

Dermatology

An Enumeration member

A specific branch of medical science that pertains to diagnosis and treatment of disorders of skin.


Member of Enumeration: MedicalSpecialty
[^top]

DiabeticDiet

An Enumeration member

A diet appropriate for people with diabetes.


Member of Enumeration: RestrictedDiet
[^top]

Diagnostic

An Enumeration member

A medical device used for diagnostic purposes.


Member of Enumeration: MedicalDevicePurpose
[^top]

DiagnosticLab

A medical laboratory that offers on-site or off-site diagnostic services.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

DiagnosticProcedure

A medical procedure intended primarily for diagnostic, as opposed to therapeutic, purposes.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

Diet

A strategy of regulating the intake of food to achieve or maintain a specific health-related goal.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

DietNutrition

An Enumeration member

Dietetic and nutrition as a medical specialty.


Member of Enumeration: MedicalSpecialty
[^top]

DietarySupplement

A product taken by mouth that contains a dietary ingredient intended to supplement the diet. Dietary ingredients may include vitamins, minerals, herbs or other botanicals, amino acids, and substances such as enzymes, organ tissues, glandulars and metabolites.


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Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

DigitalAudioTapeFormat

An Enumeration member

DigitalAudioTapeFormat.


Member of Enumeration: MusicReleaseFormatType
[^top]

DigitalDocument

An electronic file or document.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

DigitalDocumentPermission

A permission for a particular person or group to access a particular file.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

DigitalDocumentPermissionType

An Enumeration

A type of permission which can be granted for accessing a digital document.


Properties used on this type:

Enumeration members of this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

DigitalFormat

An Enumeration member

DigitalFormat.


Member of Enumeration: MusicReleaseFormatType
[^top]

DisabilitySupport

An Enumeration member

DisabilitySupport: this is a benefit for disability support.


Member of Enumeration: GovernmentBenefitsType
[^top]

DisagreeAction

The act of expressing a difference of opinion with the object. An agent disagrees to/about an object (a proposition, topic or theme) with participants.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

Discontinued

An Enumeration member

Indicates that the item has been discontinued.


Member of Enumeration: ItemAvailability
[^top]

DiscoverAction

The act of discovering/finding an object.


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Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

DiscussionForumPosting

A posting to a discussion forum.


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[^top]

DislikeAction

The act of expressing a negative sentiment about the object. An agent dislikes an object (a proposition, topic or theme) with participants.


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Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

Distance

Properties that take Distances as values are of the form '<Number> <Length unit of measure>'. E.g., '7 ft'.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

DistanceFee

An Enumeration member

Represents the distance fee (e.g., price per km or mile) part of the total price for an offered product, for example a car rental.


Member of Enumeration: PriceComponentTypeEnumeration
[^top]

Distillery

A distillery.


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[^top]

DonateAction

The act of providing goods, services, or money without compensation, often for philanthropic reasons.


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Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

DoseSchedule

A specific dosing schedule for a drug or supplement.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

DoubleBlindedTrial

An Enumeration member

A trial design in which neither the researcher nor the patient knows the details of the treatment the patient was randomly assigned to.


Member of Enumeration: MedicalTrialDesign
[^top]

DownloadAction

The act of downloading an object.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

Downpayment

An Enumeration member

Represents the downpayment (up-front payment) price component of the total price for an offered product that has additional installment payments.


Member of Enumeration: PriceComponentTypeEnumeration
[^top]

DrawAction

The act of producing a visual/graphical representation of an object, typically with a pen/pencil and paper as instruments.


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[^top]

Drawing

A picture or diagram made with a pencil, pen, or crayon rather than paint.


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[^top]

DrinkAction

The act of swallowing liquids.


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[^top]

DriveWheelConfigurationValue

An Enumeration

A value indicating which roadwheels will receive torque.


Properties used on this type:

Enumeration members of this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

DrivingSchoolVehicleUsage

An Enumeration member

Indicates the usage of the vehicle for driving school.


Member of Enumeration: CarUsageType
[^top]

Drug

A chemical or biologic substance, used as a medical therapy, that has a physiological effect on an organism. Here the term drug is used interchangeably with the term medicine although clinical knowledge make a clear difference between them.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

DrugClass

A class of medical drugs, e.g., statins. Classes can represent general pharmacological class, common mechanisms of action, common physiological effects, etc.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

DrugCost

The cost per unit of a medical drug. Note that this type is not meant to represent the price in an offer of a drug for sale; see the Offer type for that. This type will typically be used to tag wholesale or average retail cost of a drug, or maximum reimbursable cost. Costs of medical drugs vary widely depending on how and where they are paid for, so while this type captures some of the variables, costs should be used with caution by consumers of this schema's markup.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

DrugCostCategory

An Enumeration

Enumerated categories of medical drug costs.


Properties used on this type:

Enumeration members of this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

DrugLegalStatus

The legal availability status of a medical drug.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

DrugPregnancyCategory

An Enumeration

Categories that represent an assessment of the risk of fetal injury due to a drug or pharmaceutical used as directed by the mother during pregnancy.


Properties used on this type:

Enumeration members of this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

DrugPrescriptionStatus

An Enumeration

Indicates whether this drug is available by prescription or over-the-counter.


Properties used on this type:

Enumeration members of this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

DrugStrength

A specific strength in which a medical drug is available in a specific country.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

DryCleaningOrLaundry

A dry-cleaning business.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

Duration

Quantity: Duration (use ISO 8601 duration format).


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

EBook

An Enumeration member

Book format: Ebook.


Member of Enumeration: BookFormatType
[^top]

EPRelease

An Enumeration member

EPRelease.


Member of Enumeration: MusicAlbumReleaseType
[^top]

EUEnergyEfficiencyCategoryA

An Enumeration member

Represents EU Energy Efficiency Class A as defined in EU energy labeling regulations.


Member of Enumeration: EUEnergyEfficiencyEnumeration
[^top]

EUEnergyEfficiencyCategoryA1Plus

An Enumeration member

Represents EU Energy Efficiency Class A+ as defined in EU energy labeling regulations.


Member of Enumeration: EUEnergyEfficiencyEnumeration
[^top]

EUEnergyEfficiencyCategoryA2Plus

An Enumeration member

Represents EU Energy Efficiency Class A++ as defined in EU energy labeling regulations.


Member of Enumeration: EUEnergyEfficiencyEnumeration
[^top]

EUEnergyEfficiencyCategoryA3Plus

An Enumeration member

Represents EU Energy Efficiency Class A+++ as defined in EU energy labeling regulations.


Member of Enumeration: EUEnergyEfficiencyEnumeration
[^top]

EUEnergyEfficiencyCategoryB

An Enumeration member

Represents EU Energy Efficiency Class B as defined in EU energy labeling regulations.


Member of Enumeration: EUEnergyEfficiencyEnumeration
[^top]

EUEnergyEfficiencyCategoryC

An Enumeration member

Represents EU Energy Efficiency Class C as defined in EU energy labeling regulations.


Member of Enumeration: EUEnergyEfficiencyEnumeration
[^top]

EUEnergyEfficiencyCategoryD

An Enumeration member

Represents EU Energy Efficiency Class D as defined in EU energy labeling regulations.


Member of Enumeration: EUEnergyEfficiencyEnumeration
[^top]

EUEnergyEfficiencyCategoryE

An Enumeration member

Represents EU Energy Efficiency Class E as defined in EU energy labeling regulations.


Member of Enumeration: EUEnergyEfficiencyEnumeration
[^top]

EUEnergyEfficiencyCategoryF

An Enumeration member

Represents EU Energy Efficiency Class F as defined in EU energy labeling regulations.


Member of Enumeration: EUEnergyEfficiencyEnumeration
[^top]

EUEnergyEfficiencyCategoryG

An Enumeration member

Represents EU Energy Efficiency Class G as defined in EU energy labeling regulations.


Member of Enumeration: EUEnergyEfficiencyEnumeration
[^top]

EUEnergyEfficiencyEnumeration

An Enumeration

Enumerates the EU energy efficiency classes A-G as well as A+, A++, and A+++ as defined in EU directive 2017/1369.


Properties used on this type:

Enumeration members of this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

Ear

An Enumeration member

Ear function assessment with clinical examination.


Member of Enumeration: PhysicalExam
[^top]

EatAction

The act of swallowing solid objects.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

EditedOrCroppedContent

An Enumeration member

Content coded 'edited or cropped content' in a MediaReview, considered in the context of how it was published or shared.

For a VideoObject to be 'edited or cropped content': The video has been edited or rearranged. This category applies to time edits, including editing multiple videos together to alter the story being told or editing out large portions from a video.

For an ImageObject to be 'edited or cropped content': Presenting a part of an image from a larger whole to mislead the viewer.

For an ImageObject with embedded text to be 'edited or cropped content': Presenting a part of an image from a larger whole to mislead the viewer.

For an AudioObject to be 'edited or cropped content': The audio has been edited or rearranged. This category applies to time edits, including editing multiple audio clips together to alter the story being told or editing out large portions from the recording.


Member of Enumeration: MediaManipulationRatingEnumeration
[^top]

EducationEvent

Event type: Education event.


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Properties whose values are of this type:
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EducationalAudience

An EducationalAudience.


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EducationalOccupationalCredential

An educational or occupational credential. A diploma, academic degree, certification, qualification, badge, etc., that may be awarded to a person or other entity that meets the requirements defined by the credentialer.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

EducationalOccupationalProgram

A program offered by an institution which determines the learning progress to achieve an outcome, usually a credential like a degree or certificate. This would define a discrete set of opportunities (e.g., job, courses) that together constitute a program with a clear start, end, set of requirements, and transition to a new occupational opportunity (e.g., a job), or sometimes a higher educational opportunity (e.g., an advanced degree).


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

EducationalOrganization

An educational organization.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

EffectivenessHealthAspect

An Enumeration member

Content about the effectiveness-related aspects of a health topic.


Member of Enumeration: HealthAspectEnumeration
[^top]

Electrician

An electrician.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

ElectronicsStore

An electronics store.


Properties used on this type:

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[^top]

ElementarySchool

An elementary school.


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EmailMessage

An email message.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

Embassy

An embassy.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

Emergency

An Enumeration member

A specific branch of medical science that deals with the evaluation and initial treatment of medical conditions caused by trauma or sudden illness.


Member of Enumeration: MedicalSpecialty
[^top]

EmergencyService

An emergency service, such as a fire station or ER.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

EmployeeRole

A subclass of OrganizationRole used to describe employee relationships.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

EmployerAggregateRating

An aggregate rating of an Organization related to its role as an employer.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

EmployerReview

An EmployerReview is a review of an Organization regarding its role as an employer, written by a current or former employee of that organization.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

EmploymentAgency

An employment agency.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

Endocrine

An Enumeration member

A specific branch of medical science that pertains to diagnosis and treatment of disorders of endocrine glands and their secretions.


Member of Enumeration: MedicalSpecialty
[^top]

EndorseAction

An agent approves/certifies/likes/supports/sanction an object.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

EndorsementRating

An EndorsementRating is a rating that expresses some level of endorsement, for example inclusion in a "critic's pick" blog, a "Like" or "+1" on a social network. It can be considered the result of an EndorseAction in which the object of the action is rated positively by some agent. As is common elsewhere in schema.org, it is sometimes more useful to describe the results of such an action without explicitly describing the Action.

An EndorsementRating may be part of a numeric scale or organized system, but this is not required: having an explicit type for indicating a positive, endorsement rating is particularly useful in the absence of numeric scales as it helps consumers understand that the rating is broadly positive.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

Energy

Properties that take Energy as values are of the form '<Number> <Energy unit of measure>'.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

EnergyConsumptionDetails

EnergyConsumptionDetails represents information related to the energy efficiency of a product that consumes energy. The information that can be provided is based on international regulations such as for example EU directive 2017/1369 for energy labeling and the Energy labeling rule under the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA) in the US.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

EnergyEfficiencyEnumeration

An Enumeration

Enumerates energy efficiency levels (also known as "classes" or "ratings") and certifications that are part of several international energy efficiency standards.


Properties used on this type:

Enumeration members of this type:

Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

EnergyStarCertified

An Enumeration member

Represents EnergyStar certification.


Member of Enumeration: EnergyStarEnergyEfficiencyEnumeration
[^top]

EnergyStarEnergyEfficiencyEnumeration

An Enumeration

Used to indicate whether a product is EnergyStar certified.


Properties used on this type:

Enumeration members of this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

EngineSpecification

Information about the engine of the vehicle. A vehicle can have multiple engines represented by multiple engine specification entities.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

EnrollingByInvitation

An Enumeration member

Enrolling participants by invitation only.


Member of Enumeration: MedicalStudyStatus
[^top]

EntertainmentBusiness

A business providing entertainment.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

EntryPoint

An entry point, within some Web-based protocol.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

Enumeration

An Enumeration

Lists or enumerations—for example, a list of cuisines or music genres, etc.


Properties used on this type:
Enumeration members of this type:

Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

Episode

A media episode (e.g. TV, radio, video game) which can be part of a series or season.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

Event

An event happening at a certain time and location, such as a concert, lecture, or festival. Ticketing information may be added via the offers property. Repeated events may be structured as separate Event objects.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

EventAttendanceModeEnumeration

An Enumeration

An EventAttendanceModeEnumeration value is one of potentially several modes of organising an event, relating to whether it is online or offline.


Properties used on this type:

Enumeration members of this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

EventCancelled

An Enumeration member

The event has been cancelled. If the event has multiple startDate values, all are assumed to be cancelled. Either startDate or previousStartDate may be used to specify the event's cancelled date(s).


Member of Enumeration: EventStatusType
[^top]

EventMovedOnline

An Enumeration member

Indicates that the event was changed to allow online participation. See eventAttendanceMode for specifics of whether it is now fully or partially online.


Member of Enumeration: EventStatusType
[^top]

EventPostponed

An Enumeration member

The event has been postponed and no new date has been set. The event's previousStartDate should be set.


Member of Enumeration: EventStatusType
[^top]

EventRescheduled

An Enumeration member

The event has been rescheduled. The event's previousStartDate should be set to the old date and the startDate should be set to the event's new date. (If the event has been rescheduled multiple times, the previousStartDate property may be repeated).


Member of Enumeration: EventStatusType
[^top]

EventReservation

A reservation for an event like a concert, sporting event, or lecture.

Note: This type is for information about actual reservations, e.g. in confirmation emails or HTML pages with individual confirmations of reservations. For offers of tickets, use Offer.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

EventScheduled

An Enumeration member

The event is taking place or has taken place on the startDate as scheduled. Use of this value is optional, as it is assumed by default.


Member of Enumeration: EventStatusType
[^top]

EventSeries

A series of Events. Included events can relate with the series using the superEvent property.

An EventSeries is a collection of events that share some unifying characteristic. For example, "The Olympic Games" is a series, which is repeated regularly. The "2012 London Olympics" can be presented both as an Event in the series "Olympic Games", and as an EventSeries that included a number of sporting competitions as Events.

The nature of the association between the events in an EventSeries can vary, but typical examples could include a thematic event series (e.g. topical meetups or classes), or a series of regular events that share a location, attendee group and/or organizers.

EventSeries has been defined as a kind of Event to make it easy for publishers to use it in an Event context without worrying about which kinds of series are really event-like enough to call an Event. In general an EventSeries may seem more Event-like when the period of time is compact and when aspects such as location are fixed, but it may also sometimes prove useful to describe a longer-term series as an Event.


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Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

EventStatusType

An Enumeration

EventStatusType is an enumeration type whose instances represent several states that an Event may be in.


Properties used on this type:

Enumeration members of this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

EventVenue

An event venue.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

EvidenceLevelA

An Enumeration member

Data derived from multiple randomized clinical trials or meta-analyses.


Member of Enumeration: MedicalEvidenceLevel
[^top]

EvidenceLevelB

An Enumeration member

Data derived from a single randomized trial, or nonrandomized studies.


Member of Enumeration: MedicalEvidenceLevel
[^top]

EvidenceLevelC

An Enumeration member

Only consensus opinion of experts, case studies, or standard-of-care.


Member of Enumeration: MedicalEvidenceLevel
[^top]

ExchangeRateSpecification

A structured value representing exchange rate.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

ExchangeRefund

An Enumeration member

Specifies that a refund can be done as an exchange for the same product.


Member of Enumeration: RefundTypeEnumeration
[^top]

ExerciseAction

The act of participating in exertive activity for the purposes of improving health and fitness.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

ExerciseGym

A gym.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

ExercisePlan

Fitness-related activity designed for a specific health-related purpose, including defined exercise routines as well as activity prescribed by a clinician.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

ExhibitionEvent

Event type: Exhibition event, e.g. at a museum, library, archive, tradeshow, ...


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

Eye

An Enumeration member

Eye or ophtalmological function assessment with clinical examination.


Member of Enumeration: PhysicalExam
[^top]

FAQPage

A FAQPage is a WebPage presenting one or more "Frequently asked questions" (see also QAPage).


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

FDAcategoryA

An Enumeration member

A designation by the US FDA signifying that adequate and well-controlled studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy (and there is no evidence of risk in later trimesters).


Member of Enumeration: DrugPregnancyCategory
[^top]

FDAcategoryB

An Enumeration member

A designation by the US FDA signifying that animal reproduction studies have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women.


Member of Enumeration: DrugPregnancyCategory
[^top]

FDAcategoryC

An Enumeration member

A designation by the US FDA signifying that animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use of the drug in pregnant women despite potential risks.


Member of Enumeration: DrugPregnancyCategory
[^top]

FDAcategoryD

An Enumeration member

A designation by the US FDA signifying that there is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience or studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use of the drug in pregnant women despite potential risks.


Member of Enumeration: DrugPregnancyCategory
[^top]

FDAcategoryX

An Enumeration member

A designation by the US FDA signifying that studies in animals or humans have demonstrated fetal abnormalities and/or there is positive evidence of human fetal risk based on adverse reaction data from investigational or marketing experience, and the risks involved in use of the drug in pregnant women clearly outweigh potential benefits.


Member of Enumeration: DrugPregnancyCategory
[^top]

FDAnotEvaluated

An Enumeration member

A designation that the drug in question has not been assigned a pregnancy category designation by the US FDA.


Member of Enumeration: DrugPregnancyCategory
[^top]

FMRadioChannel

A radio channel that uses FM.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

FailedActionStatus

An Enumeration member

An action that failed to complete. The action's error property and the HTTP return code contain more information about the failure.


Member of Enumeration: ActionStatusType
[^top]

FastFoodRestaurant

A fast-food restaurant.


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Female

An Enumeration member

The female gender.


Member of Enumeration: GenderType
[^top]

Festival

Event type: Festival.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
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FilmAction

The act of capturing sound and moving images on film, video, or digitally.


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Properties whose values are of this type:
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FinancialProduct

A product provided to consumers and businesses by financial institutions such as banks, insurance companies, brokerage firms, consumer finance companies, and investment companies which comprise the financial services industry.


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Properties whose values are of this type:
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FinancialService

Financial services business.


Properties used on this type:
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FindAction

The act of finding an object.

Related actions:

  • SearchAction: FindAction is generally lead by a SearchAction, but not necessarily.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

FireStation

A fire station. With firemen.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
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Flexibility

An Enumeration member

Physical activity that is engaged in to improve joint and muscle flexibility.


Member of Enumeration: PhysicalActivityCategory
[^top]

Flight

An airline flight.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
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FlightReservation

A reservation for air travel.

Note: This type is for information about actual reservations, e.g. in confirmation emails or HTML pages with individual confirmations of reservations. For offers of tickets, use Offer.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

Float

Data type: Floating number.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
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FloorPlan

A FloorPlan is an explicit representation of a collection of similar accommodations, allowing the provision of common information (room counts, sizes, layout diagrams) and offers for rental or sale. In typical use, some ApartmentComplex has an accommodationFloorPlan which is a FloorPlan. A FloorPlan is always in the context of a particular place, either a larger ApartmentComplex or a single Apartment. The visual/spatial aspects of a floor plan (i.e. room layout, see wikipedia) can be indicated using image.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

Florist

A florist.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
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FollowAction

The act of forming a personal connection with someone/something (object) unidirectionally/asymmetrically to get updates polled from.

Related actions:

  • BefriendAction: Unlike BefriendAction, FollowAction implies that the connection is not necessarily reciprocal.
  • SubscribeAction: Unlike SubscribeAction, FollowAction implies that the follower acts as an active agent constantly/actively polling for updates.
  • RegisterAction: Unlike RegisterAction, FollowAction implies that the agent is interested in continuing receiving updates from the object.
  • JoinAction: Unlike JoinAction, FollowAction implies that the agent is interested in getting updates from the object.
  • TrackAction: Unlike TrackAction, FollowAction refers to the polling of updates of all aspects of animate objects rather than the location of inanimate objects (e.g. you track a package, but you don't follow it).


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
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FoodEstablishment

A food-related business.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

FoodEstablishmentReservation

A reservation to dine at a food-related business.

Note: This type is for information about actual reservations, e.g. in confirmation emails or HTML pages with individual confirmations of reservations.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

FoodEvent

Event type: Food event.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

FoodService

A food service, like breakfast, lunch, or dinner.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

FourWheelDriveConfiguration

An Enumeration member

Four-wheel drive is a transmission layout where the engine primarily drives two wheels with a part-time four-wheel drive capability.


Member of Enumeration: DriveWheelConfigurationValue
[^top]

FreeReturn

An Enumeration member

Specifies that product returns are free of charge for the customer.


Member of Enumeration: ReturnFeesEnumeration
[^top]

Friday

An Enumeration member

The day of the week between Thursday and Saturday.


Member of Enumeration: DayOfWeek
[^top]

FrontWheelDriveConfiguration

An Enumeration member

Front-wheel drive is a transmission layout where the engine drives the front wheels.


Member of Enumeration: DriveWheelConfigurationValue
[^top]

FullRefund

An Enumeration member

Specifies that a refund can be done in the full amount the customer paid for the product


Member of Enumeration: RefundTypeEnumeration
[^top]

FundingAgency

A FundingAgency is an organization that implements one or more FundingSchemes and manages the granting process (via Grants, typically MonetaryGrants). A funding agency is not always required for grant funding, e.g. philanthropic giving, corporate sponsorship etc.

Examples of funding agencies include ERC, REA, NIH, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation...


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

FundingScheme

A FundingScheme combines organizational, project and policy aspects of grant-based funding that sets guidelines, principles and mechanisms to support other kinds of projects and activities. Funding is typically organized via Grant funding. Examples of funding schemes: Swiss Priority Programmes (SPPs); EU Framework 7 (FP7); Horizon 2020; the NIH-R01 Grant Program; Wellcome institutional strategic support fund. For large scale public sector funding, the management and administration of grant awards is often handled by other, dedicated, organizations - FundingAgencys such as ERC, REA, ...


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Fungus

An Enumeration member

Pathogenic fungus.


Member of Enumeration: InfectiousAgentClass
[^top]

FurnitureStore

A furniture store.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

Game

The Game type represents things which are games. These are typically rule-governed recreational activities, e.g. role-playing games in which players assume the role of characters in a fictional setting.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

GamePlayMode

An Enumeration

Indicates whether this game is multi-player, co-op or single-player.


Properties used on this type:

Enumeration members of this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

GameServer

Server that provides game interaction in a multiplayer game.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

GameServerStatus

An Enumeration

Status of a game server.


Properties used on this type:

Enumeration members of this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

GardenStore

A garden store.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

GasStation

A gas station.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

Gastroenterologic

An Enumeration member

A specific branch of medical science that pertains to diagnosis and treatment of disorders of digestive system.


Member of Enumeration: MedicalSpecialty
[^top]

GatedResidenceCommunity

Residence type: Gated community.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
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GenderType

An Enumeration

An enumeration of genders.


Properties used on this type:

Enumeration members of this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

Gene

A discrete unit of inheritance which affects one or more biological traits (Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gene). Examples include FOXP2 (Forkhead box protein P2), SCARNA21 (small Cajal body-specific RNA 21), A- (agouti genotype).


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

GeneralContractor

A general contractor.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

Genetic

An Enumeration member

A specific branch of medical science that pertains to hereditary transmission and the variation of inherited characteristics and disorders.


Member of Enumeration: MedicalSpecialty
[^top]

Genitourinary

An Enumeration member

Genitourinary system function assessment with clinical examination.


Member of Enumeration: PhysicalExam
[^top]

GeoCircle

A GeoCircle is a GeoShape representing a circular geographic area. As it is a GeoShape it provides the simple textual property 'circle', but also allows the combination of postalCode alongside geoRadius. The center of the circle can be indicated via the 'geoMidpoint' property, or more approximately using 'address', 'postalCode'.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
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GeoCoordinates

The geographic coordinates of a place or event.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

GeoShape

The geographic shape of a place. A GeoShape can be described using several properties whose values are based on latitude/longitude pairs. Either whitespace or commas can be used to separate latitude and longitude; whitespace should be used when writing a list of several such points.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

GeospatialGeometry

(Eventually to be defined as) a supertype of GeoShape designed to accommodate definitions from Geo-Spatial best practices.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

Geriatric

An Enumeration member

A specific branch of medical science that is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, debilities and provision of care to the aged.


Member of Enumeration: MedicalSpecialty
[^top]

GettingAccessHealthAspect

An Enumeration member

Content that discusses practical and policy aspects for getting access to specific kinds of healthcare (e.g. distribution mechanisms for vaccines).


Member of Enumeration: HealthAspectEnumeration
[^top]

GiveAction

The act of transferring ownership of an object to a destination. Reciprocal of TakeAction.

Related actions:

  • TakeAction: Reciprocal of GiveAction.
  • SendAction: Unlike SendAction, GiveAction implies that ownership is being transferred (e.g. I may send my laptop to you, but that doesn't mean I'm giving it to you).


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
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GlutenFreeDiet

An Enumeration member

A diet exclusive of gluten.


Member of Enumeration: RestrictedDiet
[^top]

GolfCourse

A golf course.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

GovernmentBenefitsType

An Enumeration

GovernmentBenefitsType enumerates several kinds of government benefits to support the COVID-19 situation. Note that this structure may not capture all benefits offered.


Properties used on this type:

Enumeration members of this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

GovernmentBuilding

A government building.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

GovernmentOffice

A government office—for example, an IRS or DMV office.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

GovernmentOrganization

A governmental organization or agency.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

GovernmentPermit

A permit issued by a government agency.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

GovernmentService

A service provided by a government organization, e.g. food stamps, veterans benefits, etc.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

Grant

A grant, typically financial or otherwise quantifiable, of resources. Typically a funder sponsors some MonetaryAmount to an Organization or Person, sometimes not necessarily via a dedicated or long-lived Project, resulting in one or more outputs, or fundedItems. For financial sponsorship, indicate the funder of a MonetaryGrant. For non-financial support, indicate sponsor of Grants of resources (e.g. office space).

Grants support activities directed towards some agreed collective goals, often but not always organized as Projects. Long-lived projects are sometimes sponsored by a variety of grants over time, but it is also common for a project to be associated with a single grant.

The amount of a Grant is represented using amount as a MonetaryAmount.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

GraphicNovel

An Enumeration member

Book format: GraphicNovel. May represent a bound collection of ComicIssue instances.


Member of Enumeration: BookFormatType
[^top]

GroceryStore

A grocery store.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
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GroupBoardingPolicy

An Enumeration member

The airline boards by groups based on check-in time, priority, etc.


Member of Enumeration: BoardingPolicyType
[^top]

Guide

Guide is a page or article that recommend specific products or services, or aspects of a thing for a user to consider. A Guide may represent a Buying Guide and detail aspects of products or services for a user to consider. A Guide may represent a Product Guide and recommend specific products or services. A Guide may represent a Ranked List and recommend specific products or services with ranking.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

Gynecologic

An Enumeration member

A specific branch of medical science that pertains to the health care of women, particularly in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders affecting the female reproductive system.


Member of Enumeration: MedicalSpecialty
[^top]

HVACBusiness

A business that provide Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning services.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
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Hackathon

A hackathon event.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
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HairSalon

A hair salon.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
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HalalDiet

An Enumeration member

A diet conforming to Islamic dietary practices.


Member of Enumeration: RestrictedDiet
[^top]

Hardcover

An Enumeration member

Book format: Hardcover.


Member of Enumeration: BookFormatType
[^top]

HardwareStore

A hardware store.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
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Head

An Enumeration member

Head assessment with clinical examination.


Member of Enumeration: PhysicalExam
[^top]

HealthAndBeautyBusiness

Health and beauty.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

HealthAspectEnumeration

An Enumeration

HealthAspectEnumeration enumerates several aspects of health content online, each of which might be described using hasHealthAspect and HealthTopicContent.


Properties used on this type:

Enumeration members of this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

HealthCare

An Enumeration member

HealthCare: this is a benefit for health care.


Member of Enumeration: GovernmentBenefitsType
[^top]

HealthClub

A health club.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

HealthInsurancePlan

A US-style health insurance plan, including PPOs, EPOs, and HMOs.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

HealthPlanCostSharingSpecification

A description of costs to the patient under a given network or formulary.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

HealthPlanFormulary

For a given health insurance plan, the specification for costs and coverage of prescription drugs.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

HealthPlanNetwork

A US-style health insurance plan network.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

HealthTopicContent

HealthTopicContent is WebContent that is about some aspect of a health topic, e.g. a condition, its symptoms or treatments. Such content may be comprised of several parts or sections and use different types of media. Multiple instances of WebContent (and hence HealthTopicContent) can be related using hasPart / isPartOf where there is some kind of content hierarchy, and their content described with about and mentions e.g. building upon the existing MedicalCondition vocabulary.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

HearingImpairedSupported

An Enumeration member

Uses devices to support users with hearing impairments.


Member of Enumeration: ContactPointOption
[^top]

Hematologic

An Enumeration member

A specific branch of medical science that pertains to diagnosis and treatment of disorders of blood and blood producing organs.


Member of Enumeration: MedicalSpecialty
[^top]

HighSchool

A high school.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

HinduDiet

An Enumeration member

A diet conforming to Hindu dietary practices, in particular, beef-free.


Member of Enumeration: RestrictedDiet
[^top]

HinduTemple

A Hindu temple.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

HobbyShop

A store that sells materials useful or necessary for various hobbies.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
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HomeAndConstructionBusiness

A construction business.

A HomeAndConstructionBusiness is a LocalBusiness that provides services around homes and buildings.

As a LocalBusiness it can be described as a provider of one or more Service(s).


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

HomeGoodsStore

A home goods store.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

Homeopathic

An Enumeration member

A system of medicine based on the principle that a disease can be cured by a substance that produces similar symptoms in healthy people.


Member of Enumeration: MedicineSystem
[^top]

Hospital

A hospital.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

Hostel

A hostel - cheap accommodation, often in shared dormitories.

See also the dedicated document on the use of schema.org for marking up hotels and other forms of accommodations.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

Hotel

A hotel is an establishment that provides lodging paid on a short-term basis (Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hotel).

See also the dedicated document on the use of schema.org for marking up hotels and other forms of accommodations.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

HotelRoom

A hotel room is a single room in a hotel.

See also the dedicated document on the use of schema.org for marking up hotels and other forms of accommodations.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

House

A house is a building or structure that has the ability to be occupied for habitation by humans or other creatures (Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/House).


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
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HousePainter

A house painting service.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

HowItWorksHealthAspect

An Enumeration member

Content that discusses and explains how a particular health-related topic works, e.g. in terms of mechanisms and underlying science.


Member of Enumeration: HealthAspectEnumeration
[^top]

HowOrWhereHealthAspect

An Enumeration member

Information about how or where to find a topic. Also may contain location data that can be used for where to look for help if the topic is observed.


Member of Enumeration: HealthAspectEnumeration
[^top]

HowTo

Instructions that explain how to achieve a result by performing a sequence of steps.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
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HowToDirection

A direction indicating a single action to do in the instructions for how to achieve a result.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

HowToItem

An item used as either a tool or supply when performing the instructions for how to to achieve a result.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

HowToSection

A sub-grouping of steps in the instructions for how to achieve a result (e.g. steps for making a pie crust within a pie recipe).


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

HowToStep

A step in the instructions for how to achieve a result. It is an ordered list with HowToDirection and/or HowToTip items.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

HowToSupply

A supply consumed when performing the instructions for how to achieve a result.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

HowToTip

An explanation in the instructions for how to achieve a result. It provides supplementary information about a technique, supply, author's preference, etc. It can explain what could be done, or what should not be done, but doesn't specify what should be done (see HowToDirection).


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

HowToTool

A tool used (but not consumed) when performing instructions for how to achieve a result.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

HyperToc

A HyperToc represents a hypertext table of contents for complex media objects, such as VideoObject, AudioObject. Items in the table of contents are indicated using the tocEntry property, and typed HyperTocEntry. For cases where the same larger work is split into multiple files, associatedMedia can be used on individual HyperTocEntry items.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
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HyperTocEntry

A HyperToEntry is an item within a HyperToc, which represents a hypertext table of contents for complex media objects, such as VideoObject, AudioObject. The media object itself is indicated using associatedMedia. Each section of interest within that content can be described with a HyperTocEntry, with associated startOffset and endOffset. When several entries are all from the same file, associatedMedia is used on the overarching HyperTocEntry; if the content has been split into multiple files, they can be referenced using associatedMedia on each HyperTocEntry.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

IceCreamShop

An ice cream shop.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
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IgnoreAction

The act of intentionally disregarding the object. An agent ignores an object.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
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ImageGallery

Web page type: Image gallery page.


Properties used on this type:

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ImageObject

An image file.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

ImageObjectSnapshot

A specific and exact (byte-for-byte) version of an ImageObject. Two byte-for-byte identical files, for the purposes of this type, considered identical. If they have different embedded metadata (e.g. XMP, EXIF) the files will differ. Different external facts about the files, e.g. creator or dateCreated that aren't represented in their actual content, do not affect this notion of identity.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
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ImagingTest

Any medical imaging modality typically used for diagnostic purposes.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
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InForce

An Enumeration member

Indicates that a legislation is in force.


Member of Enumeration: LegalForceStatus
[^top]

InStock

An Enumeration member

Indicates that the item is in stock.


Member of Enumeration: ItemAvailability
[^top]

InStoreOnly

An Enumeration member

Indicates that the item is available only at physical locations.


Member of Enumeration: ItemAvailability
[^top]

IndividualProduct

A single, identifiable product instance (e.g. a laptop with a particular serial number).


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
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Infectious

An Enumeration member

Something in medical science that pertains to infectious diseases i.e caused by bacterial, viral, fungal or parasitic infections.


Member of Enumeration: MedicalSpecialty
[^top]

InfectiousAgentClass

An Enumeration

Classes of agents or pathogens that transmit infectious diseases. Enumerated type.


Properties used on this type:

Enumeration members of this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

InfectiousDisease

An infectious disease is a clinically evident human disease resulting from the presence of pathogenic microbial agents, like pathogenic viruses, pathogenic bacteria, fungi, protozoa, multicellular parasites, and prions. To be considered an infectious disease, such pathogens are known to be able to cause this disease.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
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InformAction

The act of notifying someone of information pertinent to them, with no expectation of a response.


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IngredientsHealthAspect

An Enumeration member

Content discussing ingredients-related aspects of a health topic.


Member of Enumeration: HealthAspectEnumeration
[^top]

InsertAction

The act of adding at a specific location in an ordered collection.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
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InstallAction

The act of installing an application.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
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Installment

An Enumeration member

Represents the installment pricing component of the total price for an offered product.


Member of Enumeration: PriceComponentTypeEnumeration
[^top]

InsuranceAgency

An Insurance agency.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
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Intangible

A utility class that serves as the umbrella for a number of 'intangible' things such as quantities, structured values, etc.


Properties used on this type:

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Integer

Data type: Integer.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

InteractAction

The act of interacting with another person or organization.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

InteractionCounter

A summary of how users have interacted with this CreativeWork. In most cases, authors will use a subtype to specify the specific type of interaction.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

InternationalTrial

An Enumeration member

An international trial.


Member of Enumeration: MedicalTrialDesign
[^top]

InternetCafe

An internet cafe.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
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InvestmentFund

A company or fund that gathers capital from a number of investors to create a pool of money that is then re-invested into stocks, bonds and other assets.


Properties used on this type:

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InvestmentOrDeposit

A type of financial product that typically requires the client to transfer funds to a financial service in return for potential beneficial financial return.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
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InviteAction

The act of asking someone to attend an event. Reciprocal of RsvpAction.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

Invoice

A statement of the money due for goods or services; a bill.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

InvoicePrice

An Enumeration member

Represents the invoice price of an offered product.


Member of Enumeration: PriceTypeEnumeration
[^top]

ItemAvailability

An Enumeration

A list of possible product availability options.


Properties used on this type:

Enumeration members of this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

ItemList

A list of items of any sort—for example, Top 10 Movies About Weathermen, or Top 100 Party Songs. Not to be confused with HTML lists, which are often used only for formatting.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

ItemListOrderAscending

An Enumeration member

An ItemList ordered with lower values listed first.


Member of Enumeration: ItemListOrderType
[^top]

ItemListOrderDescending

An Enumeration member

An ItemList ordered with higher values listed first.


Member of Enumeration: ItemListOrderType
[^top]

ItemListOrderType

An Enumeration

Enumerated for values for itemListOrder for indicating how an ordered ItemList is organized.


Properties used on this type:

Enumeration members of this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

ItemListUnordered

An Enumeration member

An ItemList ordered with no explicit order.


Member of Enumeration: ItemListOrderType
[^top]

ItemPage

A page devoted to a single item, such as a particular product or hotel.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
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JewelryStore

A jewelry store.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
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JobPosting

A listing that describes a job opening in a certain organization.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
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JoinAction

An agent joins an event/group with participants/friends at a location.

Related actions:

  • RegisterAction: Unlike RegisterAction, JoinAction refers to joining a group/team of people.
  • SubscribeAction: Unlike SubscribeAction, JoinAction does not imply that you'll be receiving updates.
  • FollowAction: Unlike FollowAction, JoinAction does not imply that you'll be polling for updates.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
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Joint

The anatomical location at which two or more bones make contact.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
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KosherDiet

An Enumeration member

A diet conforming to Jewish dietary practices.


Member of Enumeration: RestrictedDiet
[^top]

LaboratoryScience

An Enumeration member

A medical science pertaining to chemical, hematological, immunologic, microscopic, or bacteriological diagnostic analyses or research.


Member of Enumeration: MedicalSpecialty
[^top]

LakeBodyOfWater

A lake (for example, Lake Pontrachain).


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
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Landform

A landform or physical feature. Landform elements include mountains, plains, lakes, rivers, seascape and oceanic waterbody interface features such as bays, peninsulas, seas and so forth, including sub-aqueous terrain features such as submersed mountain ranges, volcanoes, and the great ocean basins.


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LandmarksOrHistoricalBuildings

An historical landmark or building.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
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Language

Natural languages such as Spanish, Tamil, Hindi, English, etc. Formal language code tags expressed in BCP 47 can be used via the alternateName property. The Language type previously also covered programming languages such as Scheme and Lisp, which are now best represented using ComputerLanguage.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

LaserDiscFormat

An Enumeration member

LaserDiscFormat.


Member of Enumeration: MusicReleaseFormatType
[^top]

LearningResource

The LearningResource type can be used to indicate CreativeWorks (whether physical or digital) that have a particular and explicit orientation towards learning, education, skill acquisition, and other educational purposes.

LearningResource is expected to be used as an addition to a primary type such as Book, VideoObject, Product etc.

EducationEvent serves a similar purpose for event-like things (e.g. a Trip). A LearningResource may be created as a result of an EducationEvent, for example by recording one.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
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LeaveAction

An agent leaves an event / group with participants/friends at a location.

Related actions:

  • JoinAction: The antonym of LeaveAction.
  • UnRegisterAction: Unlike UnRegisterAction, LeaveAction implies leaving a group/team of people rather than a service.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

LeftHandDriving

An Enumeration member

The steering position is on the left side of the vehicle (viewed from the main direction of driving).


Member of Enumeration: SteeringPositionValue
[^top]

LegalForceStatus

An Enumeration

A list of possible statuses for the legal force of a legislation.


Properties used on this type:

Enumeration members of this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

LegalService

A LegalService is a business that provides legally-oriented services, advice and representation, e.g. law firms.

As a LocalBusiness it can be described as a provider of one or more Service(s).


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
[^top]

LegalValueLevel

An Enumeration

A list of possible levels for the legal validity of a legislation.


Properties used on this type:

Enumeration members of this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

Legislation

A legal document such as an act, decree, bill, etc. (enforceable or not) or a component of a legal act (like an article).


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

LegislationObject

A specific object or file containing a Legislation. Note that the same Legislation can be published in multiple files. For example, a digitally signed PDF, a plain PDF and an HTML version.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
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LegislativeBuilding

A legislative building—for example, the state capitol.


Properties used on this type:

Properties whose values are of this type:
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LeisureTimeActivity

An Enumeration member

Any physical activity engaged in for recreational purposes. Examples may include ballroom dancing, roller skating, canoeing, fishing, etc.


Member of Enumeration: PhysicalActivityCategory
[^top]

LendAction

The act of providing an object under an agreement that it will be returned at a later date. Reciprocal of BorrowAction.

Related actions:


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type:
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Library

A library.


Properties used on this type:

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LibrarySystem

A LibrarySystem is a collaborative system amongst several libraries.


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Properties whose values are of this type:
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LifestyleModification

A process of care involving exercise, changes to diet, fitness routines, and other lifestyle changes aimed at improving a health condition.


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Ligament

A short band of tough, flexible, fibrous connective tissue that functions to connect multiple bones, cartilages, and structurally support joints.


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LikeAction

The act of expressing a positive sentiment about the object. An agent likes an object (a proposition, topic or theme) with participants.


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LimitedAvailability

An Enumeration member

Indicates that the item has limited availability.


Member of Enumeration: ItemAvailability
[^top]

LimitedByGuaranteeCharity

An Enumeration member

LimitedByGuaranteeCharity: Non-profit type referring to a charitable company that is limited by guarantee (UK).


Member of Enumeration: UKNonprofitType
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LinkRole

A Role that represents a Web link e.g. as expressed via the 'url' property. Its linkRelationship property can indicate URL-based and plain textual link types e.g. those in IANA link registry or others such as 'amphtml'. This structure provides a placeholder where details from HTML's link element can be represented outside of HTML, e.g. in JSON-LD feeds.


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LiquorStore

A shop that sells alcoholic drinks such as wine, beer, whisky and other spirits.


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ListItem

An list item, e.g. a step in a checklist or how-to description.


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ListPrice

An Enumeration member

Represents the list price (the price a product is actually advertised for) of an offered product.


Member of Enumeration: PriceTypeEnumeration
[^top]

ListenAction

The act of consuming audio content.


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LiteraryEvent

Event type: Literary event.


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LiveAlbum

An Enumeration member

LiveAlbum.


Member of Enumeration: MusicAlbumProductionType
[^top]

LiveBlogPosting

A LiveBlogPosting is a BlogPosting intended to provide a rolling textual coverage of an ongoing event through continuous updates.


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LivingWithHealthAspect

An Enumeration member

Information about coping or life related to the topic.


Member of Enumeration: HealthAspectEnumeration
[^top]

LoanOrCredit

A financial product for the loaning of an amount of money, or line of credit, under agreed terms and charges.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

LocalBusiness

A particular physical business or branch of an organization. Examples of LocalBusiness include a restaurant, a particular branch of a restaurant chain, a branch of a bank, a medical practice, a club, a bowling alley, etc.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

LocationFeatureSpecification

Specifies a location feature by providing a structured value representing a feature of an accommodation as a property-value pair of varying degrees of formality.


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Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

LockerDelivery

An Enumeration member

A DeliveryMethod in which an item is made available via locker.


Member of Enumeration: DeliveryMethod
[^top]

Locksmith

A locksmith.


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LodgingBusiness

A lodging business, such as a motel, hotel, or inn.


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LodgingReservation

A reservation for lodging at a hotel, motel, inn, etc.

Note: This type is for information about actual reservations, e.g. in confirmation emails or HTML pages with individual confirmations of reservations.


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Longitudinal

An Enumeration member

Unlike cross-sectional studies, longitudinal studies track the same people, and therefore the differences observed in those people are less likely to be the result of cultural differences across generations. Longitudinal studies are also used in medicine to uncover predictors of certain diseases.


Member of Enumeration: MedicalObservationalStudyDesign
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LoseAction

The act of being defeated in a competitive activity.


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LowCalorieDiet

An Enumeration member

A diet focused on reduced calorie intake.


Member of Enumeration: RestrictedDiet
[^top]

LowFatDiet

An Enumeration member

A diet focused on reduced fat and cholesterol intake.


Member of Enumeration: RestrictedDiet
[^top]

LowLactoseDiet

An Enumeration member

A diet appropriate for people with lactose intolerance.


Member of Enumeration: RestrictedDiet
[^top]

LowSaltDiet

An Enumeration member

A diet focused on reduced sodium intake.


Member of Enumeration: RestrictedDiet
[^top]

Lung

An Enumeration member

Lung and respiratory system clinical examination.


Member of Enumeration: PhysicalExam
[^top]

LymphaticVessel

A type of blood vessel that specifically carries lymph fluid unidirectionally toward the heart.


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MRI

An Enumeration member

Magnetic resonance imaging.


Member of Enumeration: MedicalImagingTechnique
[^top]

MSRP

An Enumeration member

Represents the manufacturer suggested retail price ("MSRP") of an offered product.


Member of Enumeration: PriceTypeEnumeration
[^top]

Male

An Enumeration member

The male gender.


Member of Enumeration: GenderType
[^top]

Manuscript

A book, document, or piece of music written by hand rather than typed or printed.


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Map

A map.


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MapCategoryType

An Enumeration

An enumeration of several kinds of Map.


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MarryAction

The act of marrying a person.


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Mass

Properties that take Mass as values are of the form '<Number> <Mass unit of measure>'. E.g., '7 kg'.


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MathSolver

A math solver which is capable of solving a subset of mathematical problems.


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MaximumDoseSchedule

The maximum dosing schedule considered safe for a drug or supplement as recommended by an authority or by the drug/supplement's manufacturer. Capture the recommending authority in the recognizingAuthority property of MedicalEntity.


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MayTreatHealthAspect

An Enumeration member

Related topics may be treated by a Topic.


Member of Enumeration: HealthAspectEnumeration
[^top]

MeasurementTypeEnumeration

An Enumeration

Enumeration of common measurement types (or dimensions), for example "chest" for a person, "inseam" for pants, "gauge" for screws, or "wheel" for bicycles.


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MediaGallery

Web page type: Media gallery page. A mixed-media page that can contains media such as images, videos, and other multimedia.


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[^top]

MediaManipulationRatingEnumeration

An Enumeration

Codes for use with the mediaAuthenticityCategory property, indicating the authenticity of a media object (in the context of how it was published or shared). In general these codes are not mutually exclusive, although some combinations (such as 'original' versus 'transformed', 'edited' and 'staged') would be contradictory if applied in the same MediaReview. Note that the application of these codes is with regard to a piece of media shared or published in a particular context.


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MediaObject

A media object, such as an image, video, or audio object embedded in a web page or a downloadable dataset i.e. DataDownload. Note that a creative work may have many media objects associated with it on the same web page. For example, a page about a single song (MusicRecording) may have a music video (VideoObject), and a high and low bandwidth audio stream (2 AudioObject's).


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MediaReview

A MediaReview is a more specialized form of Review dedicated to the evaluation of media content online, typically in the context of fact-checking and misinformation. For more general reviews of media in the broader sense, use UserReview, CriticReview or other Review types. This definition is a work in progress. While the MediaManipulationRatingEnumeration list reflects significant community review amongst fact-checkers and others working to combat misinformation, the specific structures for representing media objects, their versions and publication context, is still evolving. Similarly, best practices for the relationship between MediaReview and ClaimReview markup has not yet been finalized.


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MediaReviewItem

Represents an item or group of closely related items treated as a unit for the sake of evaluation in a MediaReview. Authorship etc. apply to the items rather than to the curation/grouping or reviewing party.


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MediaSubscription

A subscription which allows a user to access media including audio, video, books, etc.


Properties used on this type:
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MedicalAudience

Target audiences for medical web pages.


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Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

MedicalAudienceType

An Enumeration

Target audiences types for medical web pages. Enumerated type.


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Enumeration members of this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

MedicalBusiness

A particular physical or virtual business of an organization for medical purposes. Examples of MedicalBusiness include differents business run by health professionals.


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MedicalCause

The causative agent(s) that are responsible for the pathophysiologic process that eventually results in a medical condition, symptom or sign. In this schema, unless otherwise specified this is meant to be the proximate cause of the medical condition, symptom or sign. The proximate cause is defined as the causative agent that most directly results in the medical condition, symptom or sign. For example, the HIV virus could be considered a cause of AIDS. Or in a diagnostic context, if a patient fell and sustained a hip fracture and two days later sustained a pulmonary embolism which eventuated in a cardiac arrest, the cause of the cardiac arrest (the proximate cause) would be the pulmonary embolism and not the fall. Medical causes can include cardiovascular, chemical, dermatologic, endocrine, environmental, gastroenterologic, genetic, hematologic, gynecologic, iatrogenic, infectious, musculoskeletal, neurologic, nutritional, obstetric, oncologic, otolaryngologic, pharmacologic, psychiatric, pulmonary, renal, rheumatologic, toxic, traumatic, or urologic causes; medical conditions can be causes as well.


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MedicalClinic

A facility, often associated with a hospital or medical school, that is devoted to the specific diagnosis and/or healthcare. Previously limited to outpatients but with evolution it may be open to inpatients as well.


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MedicalCode

A code for a medical entity.


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MedicalCondition

Any condition of the human body that affects the normal functioning of a person, whether physically or mentally. Includes diseases, injuries, disabilities, disorders, syndromes, etc.


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Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

MedicalConditionStage

A stage of a medical condition, such as 'Stage IIIa'.


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MedicalContraindication

A condition or factor that serves as a reason to withhold a certain medical therapy. Contraindications can be absolute (there are no reasonable circumstances for undertaking a course of action) or relative (the patient is at higher risk of complications, but that these risks may be outweighed by other considerations or mitigated by other measures).


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Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

MedicalDevice

Any object used in a medical capacity, such as to diagnose or treat a patient.


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MedicalDevicePurpose

An Enumeration

Categories of medical devices, organized by the purpose or intended use of the device.


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MedicalEntity

The most generic type of entity related to health and the practice of medicine.


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MedicalEnumeration

An Enumeration

Enumerations related to health and the practice of medicine: A concept that is used to attribute a quality to another concept, as a qualifier, a collection of items or a listing of all of the elements of a set in medicine practice.


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Enumeration members of this type:

Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

MedicalEvidenceLevel

An Enumeration

Level of evidence for a medical guideline. Enumerated type.


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MedicalGuideline

Any recommendation made by a standard society (e.g. ACC/AHA) or consensus statement that denotes how to diagnose and treat a particular condition. Note: this type should be used to tag the actual guideline recommendation; if the guideline recommendation occurs in a larger scholarly article, use MedicalScholarlyArticle to tag the overall article, not this type. Note also: the organization making the recommendation should be captured in the recognizingAuthority base property of MedicalEntity.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

MedicalGuidelineContraindication

A guideline contraindication that designates a process as harmful and where quality of the data supporting the contraindication is sound.


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MedicalGuidelineRecommendation

A guideline recommendation that is regarded as efficacious and where quality of the data supporting the recommendation is sound.


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MedicalImagingTechnique

An Enumeration

Any medical imaging modality typically used for diagnostic purposes. Enumerated type.


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Enumeration members of this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

MedicalIndication

A condition or factor that indicates use of a medical therapy, including signs, symptoms, risk factors, anatomical states, etc.


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MedicalIntangible

A utility class that serves as the umbrella for a number of 'intangible' things in the medical space.


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MedicalObservationalStudy

An observational study is a type of medical study that attempts to infer the possible effect of a treatment through observation of a cohort of subjects over a period of time. In an observational study, the assignment of subjects into treatment groups versus control groups is outside the control of the investigator. This is in contrast with controlled studies, such as the randomized controlled trials represented by MedicalTrial, where each subject is randomly assigned to a treatment group or a control group before the start of the treatment.


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MedicalObservationalStudyDesign

An Enumeration

Design models for observational medical studies. Enumerated type.


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Enumeration members of this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

MedicalOrganization

A medical organization (physical or not), such as hospital, institution or clinic.


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MedicalProcedure

A process of care used in either a diagnostic, therapeutic, preventive or palliative capacity that relies on invasive (surgical), non-invasive, or other techniques.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

MedicalProcedureType

An Enumeration

An enumeration that describes different types of medical procedures.


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Enumeration members of this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

MedicalResearcher

An Enumeration member

Medical researchers.


Member of Enumeration: MedicalAudienceType
[^top]

MedicalRiskCalculator

A complex mathematical calculation requiring an online calculator, used to assess prognosis. Note: use the url property of Thing to record any URLs for online calculators.


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MedicalRiskEstimator

Any rule set or interactive tool for estimating the risk of developing a complication or condition.


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MedicalRiskFactor

A risk factor is anything that increases a person's likelihood of developing or contracting a disease, medical condition, or complication.


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Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

MedicalRiskScore

A simple system that adds up the number of risk factors to yield a score that is associated with prognosis, e.g. CHAD score, TIMI risk score.


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MedicalScholarlyArticle

A scholarly article in the medical domain.


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MedicalSign

Any physical manifestation of a person's medical condition discoverable by objective diagnostic tests or physical examination.


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Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

MedicalSignOrSymptom

Any feature associated or not with a medical condition. In medicine a symptom is generally subjective while a sign is objective.


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Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

MedicalSpecialty

An Enumeration

Any specific branch of medical science or practice. Medical specialities include clinical specialties that pertain to particular organ systems and their respective disease states, as well as allied health specialties. Enumerated type.


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Enumeration members of this type:
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MedicalStudy

A medical study is an umbrella type covering all kinds of research studies relating to human medicine or health, including observational studies and interventional trials and registries, randomized, controlled or not. When the specific type of study is known, use one of the extensions of this type, such as MedicalTrial or MedicalObservationalStudy. Also, note that this type should be used to mark up data that describes the study itself; to tag an article that publishes the results of a study, use MedicalScholarlyArticle. Note: use the code property of MedicalEntity to store study IDs, e.g. clinicaltrials.gov ID.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

MedicalStudyStatus

An Enumeration

The status of a medical study. Enumerated type.


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Enumeration members of this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

MedicalSymptom

Any complaint sensed and expressed by the patient (therefore defined as subjective) like stomachache, lower-back pain, or fatigue.


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MedicalTest

Any medical test, typically performed for diagnostic purposes.


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MedicalTestPanel

Any collection of tests commonly ordered together.


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MedicalTherapy

Any medical intervention designed to prevent, treat, and cure human diseases and medical conditions, including both curative and palliative therapies. Medical therapies are typically processes of care relying upon pharmacotherapy, behavioral therapy, supportive therapy (with fluid or nutrition for example), or detoxification (e.g. hemodialysis) aimed at improving or preventing a health condition.


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Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

MedicalTrial

A medical trial is a type of medical study that uses scientific process used to compare the safety and efficacy of medical therapies or medical procedures. In general, medical trials are controlled and subjects are allocated at random to the different treatment and/or control groups.


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MedicalTrialDesign

An Enumeration

Design models for medical trials. Enumerated type.


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Enumeration members of this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

MedicalWebPage

A web page that provides medical information.


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MedicineSystem

An Enumeration

Systems of medical practice.


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Enumeration members of this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

MeetingRoom

A meeting room, conference room, or conference hall is a room provided for singular events such as business conferences and meetings (Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conference_hall).

See also the dedicated document on the use of schema.org for marking up hotels and other forms of accommodations.


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MensClothingStore

A men's clothing store.


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Menu

A structured representation of food or drink items available from a FoodEstablishment.


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Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

MenuItem

A food or drink item listed in a menu or menu section.


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Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

MenuSection

A sub-grouping of food or drink items in a menu. E.g. courses (such as 'Dinner', 'Breakfast', etc.), specific type of dishes (such as 'Meat', 'Vegan', 'Drinks', etc.), or some other classification made by the menu provider.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

MerchantReturnEnumeration

An Enumeration

Enumerates several kinds of product return policies.


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Enumeration members of this type:
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MerchantReturnFiniteReturnWindow

An Enumeration member

Specifies that there is a finite window for product returns.


Member of Enumeration: MerchantReturnEnumeration
[^top]

MerchantReturnNotPermitted

An Enumeration member

Specifies that product returns are not permitted.


Member of Enumeration: MerchantReturnEnumeration
[^top]

MerchantReturnPolicy

A MerchantReturnPolicy provides information about product return policies associated with an Organization, Product, or Offer.


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Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

MerchantReturnPolicySeasonalOverride

A seasonal override of a return policy, for example used for holidays.


Properties used on this type:
Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

MerchantReturnUnlimitedWindow

An Enumeration member

Specifies that there is an unlimited window for product returns.


Member of Enumeration: MerchantReturnEnumeration
[^top]

MerchantReturnUnspecified

An Enumeration member

Specifies that a product return policy is not provided.


Member of Enumeration: MerchantReturnEnumeration
[^top]

Message

A single message from a sender to one or more organizations or people.


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MiddleSchool

A middle school (typically for children aged around 11-14, although this varies somewhat).


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Midwifery

An Enumeration member

A nurse-like health profession that deals with pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period (including care of the newborn), besides sexual and reproductive health of women throughout their lives.


Member of Enumeration: MedicalSpecialty
[^top]

MinimumAdvertisedPrice

An Enumeration member

Represents the minimum advertised price ("MAP") (as dictated by the manufacturer) of an offered product.


Member of Enumeration: PriceTypeEnumeration
[^top]

MisconceptionsHealthAspect

An Enumeration member

Content about common misconceptions and myths that are related to a topic.


Member of Enumeration: HealthAspectEnumeration
[^top]

MixedEventAttendanceMode

An Enumeration member

MixedEventAttendanceMode - an event that is conducted as a combination of both offline and online modes.


Member of Enumeration: EventAttendanceModeEnumeration
[^top]

MixtapeAlbum

An Enumeration member

MixtapeAlbum.


Member of Enumeration: MusicAlbumProductionType
[^top]

MobileApplication

A software application designed specifically to work well on a mobile device such as a telephone.


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MobilePhoneStore

A store that sells mobile phones and related accessories.


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MolecularEntity

Any constitutionally or isotopically distinct atom, molecule, ion, ion pair, radical, radical ion, complex, conformer etc., identifiable as a separately distinguishable entity.


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Monday

An Enumeration member

The day of the week between Sunday and Tuesday.


Member of Enumeration: DayOfWeek
[^top]

MonetaryAmount

A monetary value or range. This type can be used to describe an amount of money such as $50 USD, or a range as in describing a bank account being suitable for a balance between £1,000 and £1,000,000 GBP, or the value of a salary, etc. It is recommended to use PriceSpecification Types to describe the price of an Offer, Invoice, etc.


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MonetaryAmountDistribution

A statistical distribution of monetary amounts.


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MonetaryGrant

A monetary grant.


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MoneyTransfer

The act of transferring money from one place to another place. This may occur electronically or physically.


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MortgageLoan

A loan in which property or real estate is used as collateral. (A loan securitized against some real estate).


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Mosque

A mosque.


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Motel

A motel.

See also the dedicated document on the use of schema.org for marking up hotels and other forms of accommodations.


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Motorcycle

A motorcycle or motorbike is a single-track, two-wheeled motor vehicle.


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MotorcycleDealer

A motorcycle dealer.


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MotorcycleRepair

A motorcycle repair shop.


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MotorizedBicycle

A motorized bicycle is a bicycle with an attached motor used to power the vehicle, or to assist with pedaling.


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Mountain

A mountain, like Mount Whitney or Mount Everest.


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MoveAction

The act of an agent relocating to a place.

Related actions:

  • TransferAction: Unlike TransferAction, the subject of the move is a living Person or Organization rather than an inanimate object.


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Movie

A movie.


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MovieClip

A short segment/part of a movie.


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MovieRentalStore

A movie rental store.


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MovieSeries

A series of movies. Included movies can be indicated with the hasPart property.


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MovieTheater

A movie theater.


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MovingCompany

A moving company.


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MultiCenterTrial

An Enumeration member

A trial that takes place at multiple centers.


Member of Enumeration: MedicalTrialDesign
[^top]

MultiPlayer

An Enumeration member

Play mode: MultiPlayer. Requiring or allowing multiple human players to play simultaneously.


Member of Enumeration: GamePlayMode
[^top]

MulticellularParasite

An Enumeration member

Multicellular parasite that causes an infection.


Member of Enumeration: InfectiousAgentClass
[^top]

Muscle

A muscle is an anatomical structure consisting of a contractile form of tissue that animals use to effect movement.


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Properties whose values are of this type: [^top]

Musculoskeletal

An Enumeration member

A specific branch of medical science that pertains to diagnosis and treatment of disorders of muscles, ligaments and skeletal system.


Member of Enumeration: MedicalSpecialty
[^top]

MusculoskeletalExam

An Enumeration member

Musculoskeletal system clinical examination.


Member of Enumeration: PhysicalExam
[^top]

Museum

A museum.


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MusicAlbum

A collection of music tracks.


Properties used on this type:
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MusicAlbumProductionType

An Enumeration

Classification of the album by it's type of content: soundtrack, live album, studio album, etc.


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Enumeration members of this type:
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MusicAlbumRel