Observation

This term is proposed for full integration into Schema.org, pending implementation feedback and adoption from applications and websites.

Thing > Intangible > Observation

Instances of the class Observation are used to specify observations about an entity (which may or may not be an instance of a StatisticalPopulation), at a particular time. The principal properties of an Observation are observedNode, measuredProperty, measuredValue (or median, etc.) and observationDate (measuredProperty properties can, but need not always, be W3C RDF Data Cube "measure properties", as in the lifeExpectancy example). See also StatisticalPopulation, and the data and datasets overview for more details.
PropertyExpected TypeDescription
Properties from Observation
marginOfError DateTime A marginOfError for an Observation.
measuredProperty Property The measuredProperty of an Observation, either a schema.org property, a property from other RDF-compatible systems e.g. W3C RDF Data Cube, or schema.org extensions such as GS1's.
measuredValue DataType The measuredValue of an Observation.
observationDate DateTime The observationDate of an Observation.
observedNode StatisticalPopulation The observedNode of an Observation, often a StatisticalPopulation.
Properties from Thing
additionalType URL An additional type for the item, typically used for adding more specific types from external vocabularies in microdata syntax. This is a relationship between something and a class that the thing is in. In RDFa syntax, it is better to use the native RDFa syntax - the 'typeof' attribute - for multiple types. Schema.org tools may have only weaker understanding of extra types, in particular those defined externally.
alternateName Text An alias for the item.
description Text A description of the item.
disambiguatingDescription Text A sub property of description. A short description of the item used to disambiguate from other, similar items. Information from other properties (in particular, name) may be necessary for the description to be useful for disambiguation.
identifier PropertyValue  or
Text  or
URL 
The identifier property represents any kind of identifier for any kind of Thing, such as ISBNs, GTIN codes, UUIDs etc. Schema.org provides dedicated properties for representing many of these, either as textual strings or as URL (URI) links. See background notes for more details.
image ImageObject  or
URL 
An image of the item. This can be a URL or a fully described ImageObject.
mainEntityOfPage CreativeWork  or
URL 
Indicates a page (or other CreativeWork) for which this thing is the main entity being described. See background notes for details.
Inverse property: mainEntity.
name Text The name of the item.
potentialAction Action Indicates a potential Action, which describes an idealized action in which this thing would play an 'object' role.
sameAs URL URL of a reference Web page that unambiguously indicates the item's identity. E.g. the URL of the item's Wikipedia page, Wikidata entry, or official website.
subjectOf CreativeWork  or
Event 
A CreativeWork or Event about this Thing.
Inverse property: about.
url URL URL of the item.

Source

https://github.com/schemaorg/schemaorg/issues/2291