Thing > CreativeWork > Recipe

A recipe. For dietary restrictions covered by the recipe, a few common restrictions are enumerated via suitableForDiet. The keywords property can also be used to add more detail.

Usage: Between 10 and 100 domains
PropertyExpected TypeDescription
Properties from Recipe
cookTime Duration The time it takes to actually cook the dish, in ISO 8601 duration format.
cookingMethod Text The method of cooking, such as Frying, Steaming, ...
nutrition NutritionInformation Nutrition information about the recipe.
prepTime Duration The length of time it takes to prepare the recipe, in ISO 8601 duration format.
recipeCategory Text The category of the recipe—for example, appetizer, entree, etc.
recipeCuisine Text The cuisine of the recipe (for example, French or Ethiopian).
recipeIngredient Text A single ingredient used in the recipe, e.g. sugar, flour or garlic. Supersedes ingredients.
recipeInstructions ItemList  or
A step or instruction involved in making the recipe.
recipeYield Text The quantity produced by the recipe (for example, number of people served, number of servings, etc).
suitableForDiet RestrictedDiet Indicates a dietary restriction or guideline for which this recipe is suitable, e.g. diabetic, halal etc.
totalTime Duration The total time it takes to prepare and cook the recipe, in ISO 8601 duration format.
Properties from CreativeWork
about Thing The subject matter of the content.
accessibilityControl Text Identifies input methods that are sufficient to fully control the described resource (WebSchemas wiki lists possible values).
accessibilityFeature Text Content features of the resource, such as accessible media, alternatives and supported enhancements for accessibility (WebSchemas wiki lists possible values).
accountablePerson Person Specifies the Person that is legally accountable for the CreativeWork.
aggregateRating AggregateRating The overall rating, based on a collection of reviews or ratings, of the item.
alternativeHeadline Text A secondary title of the CreativeWork.
associatedMedia MediaObject A media object that encodes this CreativeWork. This property is a synonym for encoding.
audience Audience An intended audience, i.e. a group for whom something was created. Supersedes serviceAudience.
author Organization  or
The author of this content or rating. Please note that author is special in that HTML 5 provides a special mechanism for indicating authorship via the rel tag. That is equivalent to this and may be used interchangeably.
award Text An award won by or for this item. Supersedes awards.
character Person Fictional person connected with a creative work.
citation CreativeWork  or
A citation or reference to another creative work, such as another publication, web page, scholarly article, etc.
comment Comment Comments, typically from users.
commentCount Integer The number of comments this CreativeWork (e.g. Article, Question or Answer) has received. This is most applicable to works published in Web sites with commenting system; additional comments may exist elsewhere.
contentRating Text Official rating of a piece of content—for example,'MPAA PG-13'.
contributor Organization  or
A secondary contributor to the CreativeWork or Event.
datePublished Date Date of first broadcast/publication.
editor Person Specifies the Person who edited the CreativeWork.
educationalAlignment AlignmentObject An alignment to an established educational framework.
encoding MediaObject A media object that encodes this CreativeWork. This property is a synonym for associatedMedia. Supersedes encodings.
genre Text  or
Genre of the creative work or group.
hasPart CreativeWork Indicates a CreativeWork that is (in some sense) a part of this CreativeWork.
Inverse property: isPartOf.
headline Text Headline of the article.
inLanguage Language  or
The language of the content or performance or used in an action. Please use one of the language codes from the IETF BCP 47 standard. See also availableLanguage. Supersedes language.
interactionStatistic InteractionCounter The number of interactions for the CreativeWork using the WebSite or SoftwareApplication. The most specific child type of InteractionCounter should be used. Supersedes interactionCount.
interactivityType Text The predominant mode of learning supported by the learning resource. Acceptable values are 'active', 'expositive', or 'mixed'.
isAccessibleForFree Boolean A flag to signal that the publication is accessible for free. Supersedes free.
isBasedOn CreativeWork  or
Product  or
A resource that was used in the creation of this resource. This term can be repeated for multiple sources. For example, Supersedes isBasedOnUrl.
isFamilyFriendly Boolean Indicates whether this content is family friendly.
isPartOf CreativeWork Indicates a CreativeWork that this CreativeWork is (in some sense) part of.
Inverse property: hasPart.
mainEntity Thing Indicates the primary entity described in some page or other CreativeWork.
Inverse property: mainEntityOfPage.
mentions Thing Indicates that the CreativeWork contains a reference to, but is not necessarily about a concept.
offers Offer An offer to provide this item—for example, an offer to sell a product, rent the DVD of a movie, perform a service, or give away tickets to an event.
position Integer  or
The position of an item in a series or sequence of items.
producer Organization  or
The person or organization who produced the work (e.g. music album, movie, tv/radio series etc.).
provider Organization  or
The service provider, service operator, or service performer; the goods producer. Another party (a seller) may offer those services or goods on behalf of the provider. A provider may also serve as the seller. Supersedes carrier.
publisher Organization  or
The publisher of the creative work.
review Review A review of the item. Supersedes reviews.
sponsor Organization  or
A person or organization that supports a thing through a pledge, promise, or financial contribution. e.g. a sponsor of a Medical Study or a corporate sponsor of an event.
thumbnailUrl URL A thumbnail image relevant to the Thing.
timeRequired Duration Approximate or typical time it takes to work with or through this learning resource for the typical intended target audience, e.g. 'P30M', 'P1H25M'.
translator Organization  or
Organization or person who adapts a creative work to different languages, regional differences and technical requirements of a target market, or that translates during some event.
version Number  or
The version of the CreativeWork embodied by a specified resource.
video VideoObject An embedded video object.
Properties from Thing
additionalType URL An additional type for the item, typically used for adding more specific types from external vocabularies in microdata syntax. This is a relationship between something and a class that the thing is in. In RDFa syntax, it is better to use the native RDFa syntax - the 'typeof' attribute - for multiple types. tools may have only weaker understanding of extra types, in particular those defined externally.
alternateName Text An alias for the item.
description Text A description of the item.
disambiguatingDescription Text A sub property of description. A short description of the item used to disambiguate from other, similar items. Information from other properties (in particular, name) may be necessary for the description to be useful for disambiguation.
image ImageObject  or
An image of the item. This can be a URL or a fully described ImageObject.
mainEntityOfPage CreativeWork  or
Indicates a page (or other CreativeWork) for which this thing is the main entity being described. See background notes for details.
Inverse property: mainEntity.
name Text The name of the item.
potentialAction Action Indicates a potential Action, which describes an idealized action in which this thing would play an 'object' role.
sameAs URL URL of a reference Web page that unambiguously indicates the item's identity. E.g. the URL of the item's Wikipedia page, Freebase page, or official website.
url URL URL of the item.

Instances of Recipe may appear as values for the following properties
PropertyOn TypesDescription
recipe CookAction A sub property of instrument. The recipe/instructions used to perform the action.

Available properties in extensions


Example 1
Mom's World Famous Banana Bread
By John Smith, May 8, 2009
<img src="bananabread.jpg" alt="Banana bread on a plate" />
This classic banana bread recipe comes from my mom -- the walnuts add a nice
 texture and flavor to the banana bread.
Prep Time: 15 minutes
Cook time: 1 hour
Yield: 1 loaf
Tags: Low fat
Nutrition facts:
240 calories, 9 grams fat
- 3 or 4 ripe bananas, smashed
- 1 egg
- 3/4 cup of sugar
 Preheat the oven to 350 degrees. Mix in the ingredients in a bowl. Add the
 flour last. Pour the mixture into a loaf pan and bake for one hour.
From Janel, May 5 -- thank you, great recipe!
<div itemscope itemtype="">
  <span itemprop="name">Mom's World Famous Banana Bread</span>
  By <span itemprop="author">John Smith</span>,
  <meta itemprop="datePublished" content="2009-05-08">May 8, 2009
  <img itemprop="image" src="bananabread.jpg"
       alt="Banana bread on a plate" />
  <span itemprop="description">This classic banana bread recipe comes
  from my mom -- the walnuts add a nice texture and flavor to the banana
  Prep Time: <meta itemprop="prepTime" content="PT15M">15 minutes
  Cook time: <meta itemprop="cookTime" content="PT1H">1 hour
  Yield: <span itemprop="recipeYield">1 loaf</span>
  Tags: <link itemprop="suitableForDiet" href="" />Low fat
  <div itemprop="nutrition"
    itemscope itemtype="">
    Nutrition facts:
    <span itemprop="calories">240 calories</span>,
    <span itemprop="fatContent">9 grams fat</span>
  - <span itemprop="recipeIngredient">3 or 4 ripe bananas, smashed</span>
  - <span itemprop="recipeIngredient">1 egg</span>
  - <span itemprop="recipeIngredient">3/4 cup of sugar</span>
  <span itemprop="recipeInstructions">
  Preheat the oven to 350 degrees. Mix in the ingredients in a bowl. Add
  the flour last. Pour the mixture into a loaf pan and bake for one hour.
  <div itemprop="interactionStatistic" itemscope itemtype="">
    <meta itemprop="interactionType" content="" />
    <meta itemprop="userInteractionCount" content="140" />
  From Janel, May 5 -- thank you, great recipe!
<div vocab="" typeof="Recipe">
  <span property="name">Mom's World Famous Banana Bread</span>
  By <span property="author">John Smith</span>,
  <meta property="datePublished" content="2009-05-08">May 8, 2009
  <img property="image" src="bananabread.jpg"
    alt="Banana bread on a plate" />
  <span property="description">This classic banana bread recipe comes
  from my mom -- the walnuts add a nice texture and flavor to the banana
  Prep Time: <meta property="prepTime" content="PT15M">15 minutes
  Cook time: <meta property="cookTime" content="PT1H">1 hour
  Yield: <span property="recipeYield">1 loaf</span>
  Tags: <link property="suitableForDiet" href="" />Low Fat
  <div property="nutrition" typeof="NutritionInformation">
    Nutrition facts:
    <span property="calories">240 calories</span>,
    <span property="fatContent">9 grams fat</span>
  - <span property="recipeIngredient">3 or 4 ripe bananas, smashed</span>
  - <span property="recipeIngredient">1 egg</span>
  - <span property="recipeIngredient">3/4 cup of sugar</span>
  <span property="recipeInstructions">
  Preheat the oven to 350 degrees. Mix in the ingredients in a bowl. Add
  the flour last. Pour the mixture into a loaf pan and bake for one hour.
  <div property="interactionStatistic" typeof="InteractionCounter">
    <meta property="interactionType" content="" />
    <meta property="userInteractionCount" content="140" />
  From Janel, May 5 -- thank you, great recipe!
<script type="application/ld+json">
  "@context": "",
  "@type": "Recipe",
  "author": "John Smith",
  "cookTime": "PT1H",
  "datePublished": "2009-05-08",
  "description": "This classic banana bread recipe comes from my mom -- the walnuts add a nice texture and flavor to the banana bread.",
  "image": "bananabread.jpg",
  "recipeIngredient": [
    "3 or 4 ripe bananas, smashed",
    "1 egg",
    "3/4 cup of sugar"
  "interactionStatistic": {
    "@type": "InteractionCounter",
    "interactionType": "",
    "userInteractionCount": "140"
  "name": "Mom's World Famous Banana Bread",
  "nutrition": {
    "@type": "NutritionInformation",
    "calories": "240 calories",
    "fatContent": "9 grams fat"
  "prepTime": "PT15M",
  "recipeInstructions": "Preheat the oven to 350 degrees. Mix in the ingredients in a bowl. Add the flour last. Pour the mixture into a loaf pan and bake for one hour.",
  "recipeYield": "1 loaf",
  "suitableForDiet": ""

Schema Version 3.1