Thing > CreativeWork > Article > ScholarlyArticle

A scholarly article.
PropertyExpected TypeDescription
Properties from Article
articleBody Text The actual body of the article.
articleSection Text Articles may belong to one or more 'sections' in a magazine or newspaper, such as Sports, Lifestyle, etc.
pageEnd Integer  or
Text 
The page on which the work ends; for example "138" or "xvi".
pageStart Integer  or
Text 
The page on which the work starts; for example "135" or "xiii".
pagination Text Any description of pages that is not separated into pageStart and pageEnd; for example, "1-6, 9, 55" or "10-12, 46-49".
wordCount Integer The number of words in the text of the Article.
Properties from CreativeWork
about Thing The subject matter of the content.
accessibilityAPI Text Indicates that the resource is compatible with the referenced accessibility API (WebSchemas wiki lists possible values).
accessibilityControl Text Identifies input methods that are sufficient to fully control the described resource (WebSchemas wiki lists possible values).
accessibilityFeature Text Content features of the resource, such as accessible media, alternatives and supported enhancements for accessibility (WebSchemas wiki lists possible values).
accessibilityHazard Text A characteristic of the described resource that is physiologically dangerous to some users. Related to WCAG 2.0 guideline 2.3. (WebSchemas wiki lists possible values)
accountablePerson Person Specifies the Person that is legally accountable for the CreativeWork.
aggregateRating AggregateRating The overall rating, based on a collection of reviews or ratings, of the item.
alternativeHeadline Text A secondary title of the CreativeWork.
associatedMedia MediaObject A media object that encodes this CreativeWork. This property is a synonym for encoding.
audience Audience The intended audience of the item, i.e. the group for whom the item was created.
audio AudioObject An embedded audio object.
author Person  or
Organization 
The author of this content. Please note that author is special in that HTML 5 provides a special mechanism for indicating authorship via the rel tag. That is equivalent to this and may be used interchangeably.
award Text An award won by this person or for this creative work. Supersedes awards.
character Person Fictional person connected with a creative work.
citation CreativeWork  or
Text 
A citation or reference to another creative work, such as another publication, web page, scholarly article, etc.
comment UserComments  or
Comment 
Comments, typically from users, on this CreativeWork.
commentCount Integer The number of comments this CreativeWork (e.g. Article, Question or Answer) has received. This is most applicable to works published in Web sites with commenting system; additional comments may exist elsewhere.
contentLocation Place The location of the content.
contentRating Text Official rating of a piece of content—for example,'MPAA PG-13'.
contributor Person  or
Organization 
A secondary contributor to the CreativeWork.
copyrightHolder Person  or
Organization 
The party holding the legal copyright to the CreativeWork.
copyrightYear Number The year during which the claimed copyright for the CreativeWork was first asserted.
creator Person  or
Organization 
The creator/author of this CreativeWork or UserComments. This is the same as the Author property for CreativeWork.
dateCreated Date The date on which the CreativeWork was created.
dateModified Date The date on which the CreativeWork was most recently modified.
datePublished Date Date of first broadcast/publication.
discussionUrl URL A link to the page containing the comments of the CreativeWork.
editor Person Specifies the Person who edited the CreativeWork.
educationalAlignment AlignmentObject An alignment to an established educational framework.
educationalUse Text The purpose of a work in the context of education; for example, 'assignment', 'group work'.
encoding MediaObject A media object that encodes this CreativeWork. This property is a synonym for associatedMedia. Supersedes encodings.
exampleOfWork CreativeWork A creative work that this work is an example/instance/realization/derivation of.
Inverse property: workExample.
genre Text Genre of the creative work or group.
hasPart CreativeWork Indicates a CreativeWork that is (in some sense) a part of this CreativeWork.
Inverse property: isPartOf.
headline Text Headline of the article
inLanguage Text The language of the content. please use one of the language codes from the IETF BCP 47 standard.
interactionCount Text A count of a specific user interactions with this item—for example, 20 UserLikes, 5 UserComments, or 300 UserDownloads. The user interaction type should be one of the sub types of UserInteraction.
interactivityType Text The predominant mode of learning supported by the learning resource. Acceptable values are 'active', 'expositive', or 'mixed'.
isBasedOnUrl URL A resource that was used in the creation of this resource. This term can be repeated for multiple sources. For example, http://example.com/great-multiplication-intro.html
isFamilyFriendly Boolean Indicates whether this content is family friendly.
isPartOf CreativeWork Indicates a CreativeWork that this CreativeWork is (in some sense) part of.
Inverse property: hasPart.
keywords Text Keywords or tags used to describe this content. Multiple entries in a keywords list are typically delimited by commas.
learningResourceType Text The predominant type or kind characterizing the learning resource. For example, 'presentation', 'handout'.
license URL  or
CreativeWork 
A license document that applies to this content, typically indicated by URL.
mentions Thing Indicates that the CreativeWork contains a reference to, but is not necessarily about a concept.
offers Offer An offer to provide this item—for example, an offer to sell a product, rent the DVD of a movie, or give away tickets to an event.
position Integer  or
Text 
The position of an item in a series or sequence of items.
producer Person The person or organization who produced the work (e.g. music album, movie, tv/radio series etc.).
provider Person  or
Organization 
The service provider, service operator, or service performer; the goods producer. Another party (a seller) may offer those services or goods on behalf of the provider. A provider may also serve as the seller. Supersedes carrier.
publisher Organization The publisher of the creative work.
publishingPrinciples URL Link to page describing the editorial principles of the organization primarily responsible for the creation of the CreativeWork.
recordedAt Event The Event where the CreativeWork was recorded. The CreativeWork may capture all or part of the event.
Inverse property: recordedIn.
releasedEvent PublicationEvent The place and time the release was issued, expressed as a PublicationEvent.
review Review A review of the item. Supersedes reviews.
sourceOrganization Organization The Organization on whose behalf the creator was working.
text Text The textual content of this CreativeWork.
thumbnailUrl URL A thumbnail image relevant to the Thing.
timeRequired Duration Approximate or typical time it takes to work with or through this learning resource for the typical intended target audience, e.g. 'P30M', 'P1H25M'.
translator Person  or
Organization 
Organization or person who adapts a creative work to different languages, regional differences and technical requirements of a target market.
typicalAgeRange Text The typical expected age range, e.g. '7-9', '11-'.
version Number The version of the CreativeWork embodied by a specified resource.
video VideoObject An embedded video object.
workExample CreativeWork Example/instance/realization/derivation of the concept of this creative work. eg. The paperback edition, first edition, or eBook.
Inverse property: exampleOfWork.
Properties from Thing
additionalType URL An additional type for the item, typically used for adding more specific types from external vocabularies in microdata syntax. This is a relationship between something and a class that the thing is in. In RDFa syntax, it is better to use the native RDFa syntax - the 'typeof' attribute - for multiple types. Schema.org tools may have only weaker understanding of extra types, in particular those defined externally.
alternateName Text An alias for the item.
description Text A short description of the item.
image URL  or
ImageObject 
An image of the item. This can be a URL or a fully described ImageObject.
name Text The name of the item.
potentialAction Action Indicates a potential Action, which describes an idealized action in which this thing would play an 'object' role.
sameAs URL URL of a reference Web page that unambiguously indicates the item's identity. E.g. the URL of the item's Wikipedia page, Freebase page, or official website.
url URL URL of the item.

More specific Types
  • MedicalScholarlyArticle

    Examples

     
    <!-- A list of the issues for a single volume of a given periodical. -->
    <div>
     <h1>The Lancet</h1>
     <p>Volume 376, July 2010-December 2010</p>
     <p>Published by Elsevier
     <ul>
       <li>ISSN: 0140-6736</li>
     </ul>
     <h3>Issues:</h3>
     <ul>
       <li>No. 9734 Jul 3, 2010 p 1-68</li>
       <li>No. 9735 Jul 10, 2010 p 69-140</li>
     </ul>
    </div>
    
    <!-- A list of the issues for a single volume of a given periodical. -->
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      <h1 itemprop="name">The Lancet</h1>
      <p>Volume 376, July 2010-December 2010</p>
      <p>Published by <span itemprop="publisher">Elsevier</span>
      <ul>
        <li>ISSN: <span itemprop="issn">0140-6736</span></li>
      </ul>
      <h3>Issues:</h3>
      <div itemprop="hasPart" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/PublicationVolume" itemid="#vol376">
        <meta itemprop="volumeNumber" content="376">
        <ul>
          <li itemprop="hasPart" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/PublicationIssue" itemid="#iss9734">No. 
            <span itemprop="issueNumber">9734</span>
            <time datetime="2010-07-03" itemprop="datePublished">Jul 3, 2010</time>
            p <span itemprop="pageStart">1</span>-<span itemprop="pageEnd">68</span>
          </li>
          <li itemprop="hasPart" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/PublicationIssue" itemid="#iss9735">No.
            <span itemprop="issueNumber">9735</span>
            <time datetime="2010-07-03" itemprop="datePublished">Jul 10, 2010</time>
            p <span itemprop="pageStart">69</span>-<span itemprop="pageEnd">140</span>
          </li>
        </ul>
      </div>
    </div>
    
    <!-- A list of the issues for a single volume of a given periodical. -->
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      <h1 property="name">The Lancet</h1>
      <p>Volume 376, July 2010-December 2010</p>
      <p>Published by <span property="publisher">Elsevier</span>
      <ul>
        <li>ISSN: <span property="issn">0140-6736</span></li>
      </ul>
      <h3>Issues:</h3>
      <div property="hasPart" typeof="PublicationVolume" resource="#vol376">
        <meta property="volumeNumber" content="376">
        <ul>
          <li property="hasPart" typeof="PublicationIssue" resource="#issue9734">No. 
            <span property="issueNumber">9734</span>
            <time datetime="2010-07-03" property="datePublished">Jul 3, 2010</time>
            p <span property="pageStart">1</span>-<span property="pageEnd">68</span>
          </li>
          <li property="hasPart" typeof="PublicationIssue" resource="#issue9735">No.
            <span property="issueNumber">9735</span>
            <time datetime="2010-07-03" property="datePublished">Jul 10, 2010</time>
            p <span property="pageStart">69</span>-<span property="pageEnd">140</span>
          </li>
        </ul>
      </div>
    </div>
    
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    <!-- An article, fully linked to the issue, volume, and periodical in which it was published -->
    <div>
      <strong>Title:</strong> Be Careful What You Wish For: FRBR, Some Lacunae, A Review<br />
      <strong>Author:</strong> Smiraglia, Richard P.<br />
      <strong>Subjects:</strong> Catalog ; Works <br />
      <strong>Is Part Of:</strong>
      <div>Cataloging &amp; Classification Quarterly, 2012, Vol. 50 (5),</div>
      <div>p.360-368 [Peer Reviewed Journal]<br />
        <strong>Description:</strong>
          The library catalog as a catalog of works
          was an infectious idea, which together with research led to
          reconceptualization in the form of the FRBR conceptual model. Two
          categories of lacunae emerge—the expression entity, and gaps in the
          model such as aggregates and dynamic documents. Evidence needed to
          extend the FRBR model is available in contemporary research on
          instantiation. The challenge for the bibliographic community is to
          begin to think of FRBR as a form of knowledge organization system,
          adding a final dimension to classification. The articles in the present
          special issue offer a compendium of the promise of the FRBR
          model.
      </div>
      <strong>Publisher:</strong> Taylor &amp; Francis Group<br />
      <strong>Source:</strong> Routledge, Taylor &amp; Francis Group<br />
      <strong>ISSN:</strong> 0163-9374 ;<br />
      <strong>E-ISSN:</strong> 1544-4554;<br />
      <strong>DOI:</strong>
      <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01639374.2012.682254">10.1080/01639374.2012.682254</a>
    </div>
     
    
     
     
    <!-- An article, fully linked to the issue, volume, and periodical in which it was published -->
    <div itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/ScholarlyArticle">
      <strong>Title:</strong> <span itemprop="name">Be Careful What You Wish For: FRBR, Some Lacunae, A Review</span><br />
      <strong>Author:</strong> <span itemprop="author">Smiraglia, Richard P.</span><br />
      <strong>Subjects:</strong> <span itemprop="about">Catalog</span> ; <span itemprop="about">Works</span> <br />
      <strong>Is Part Of:</strong>
      <div itemprop="isPartOf" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/PublicationIssue" itemid="#issue">
        <span itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Periodical" itemid="#periodical">
          <span itemprop="name">Cataloging &amp; Classification Quarterly</span>,
        </span>
        <span itemprop="datePublished">2012</span>,
        Vol.<span itemprop="isPartOf" itemscope
                  itemtype="http://schema.org/PublicationVolume"><link
                  itemprop="isPartOf" href="#periodical" /><span
                  itemprop="volumeNumber">50</span></span>(<span
              itemprop="issueNumber">5</span>),
      </div>
      <div>
        p.<span itemprop="pageStart">360</span>-<span itemprop="pageEnd">368</span> [Peer Reviewed Journal]<br />
        <strong>Description:</strong>
        <span itemprop="description">The library catalog as a catalog of works
          was an infectious idea, which together with research led to
          reconceptualization in the form of the FRBR conceptual model. Two
          categories of lacunae emerge—the expression entity, and gaps in the
          model such as aggregates and dynamic documents. Evidence needed to
          extend the FRBR model is available in contemporary research on
          instantiation. The challenge for the bibliographic community is to
          begin to think of FRBR as a form of knowledge organization system,
          adding a final dimension to classification. The articles in the present
          special issue offer a compendium of the promise of the FRBR
          model.</span>
      </div>
      <span itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Periodical" itemid="#periodical">
        <strong>Publisher:</strong>
        <span itemprop="publisher">Taylor &amp; Francis Group</span><br />
        <strong>Source:</strong> Routledge, Taylor &amp; Francis Group<br />
        <strong>ISSN:</strong> <span itemprop="issn">0163-9374</span> ;<br />
        <strong>E-ISSN:</strong> <span itemprop="issn">1544-4554</span> ;<br />
      </span>
      <strong>DOI:</strong>
      <a itemprop="sameAs" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01639374.2012.682254">10.1080/01639374.2012.682254</a>
    </div>
     
    
     
    <!-- An article, fully linked to the issue, volume, and periodical in which it was published -->
    <div vocab="http://schema.org/" typeof="ScholarlyArticle" resource="#article">
      <strong>Title:</strong> <span property="name">Be Careful What You Wish For: FRBR, Some Lacunae, A Review</span><br />
      <strong>Author:</strong> <span property="author">Smiraglia, Richard P.</span><br />
      <strong>Subjects:</strong> <span property="about">Catalog</span> ; <span property="about">Works</span> <br />
      <strong>Is Part Of:</strong>
      <div property="isPartOf" typeof="PublicationIssue" resource="#issue">
        <span typeof="Periodical" resource="#periodical">
          <span property="name">Cataloging &amp; Classification Quarterly</span>,
        </span>
        <span property="datePublished">2012</span>,
        Vol.<span property="isPartOf" typeof="PublicationVolume" resource="#periodical"><span
                  property="volumeNumber">50</span></span>(<span
              property="issueNumber">5</span>),
      </div>
      <div>
        p.<span property="pageStart">360</span>-<span property="pageEnd">368</span> [Peer Reviewed Journal]<br />
        <strong>Description:</strong>
        <span property="description">The library catalog as a catalog of works
          was an infectious idea, which together with research led to
          reconceptualization in the form of the FRBR conceptual model. Two
          categories of lacunae emerge—the expression entity, and gaps in the
          model such as aggregates and dynamic documents. Evidence needed to
          extend the FRBR model is available in contemporary research on
          instantiation. The challenge for the bibliographic community is to
          begin to think of FRBR as a form of knowledge organization system,
          adding a final dimension to classification. The articles in the present
          special issue offer a compendium of the promise of the FRBR
          model.</span>
      </div>
      <span resource="#periodical">
        <strong>Publisher:</strong>
        <span property="publisher">Taylor &amp; Francis Group</span><br />
        <strong>Source:</strong> Routledge, Taylor &amp; Francis Group<br />
        <strong>ISSN:</strong> <span property="issn">0163-9374</span> ;<br />
        <strong>E-ISSN:</strong> <span property="issn">1544-4554</span> ;<br />
      </span>
      <strong>DOI:</strong>
      <a property="sameAs" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01639374.2012.682254">10.1080/01639374.2012.682254</a>
    </div>
    
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      Carlyle, Allyson. "Understanding FRBR as a Conceptual Model: FRBR
        and the Bibliographic Universe." 
      <em>Library Resources and Technical Services</em>,
      v. 50, no. 4 (October 2006): 264-273. Print.
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        and the Bibliographic Universe</span>"
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    Print.</div>
    
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