Thing > Person

A person (alive, dead, undead, or fictional).
PropertyExpected TypeDescription
Properties from Person
additionalName Text An additional name for a Person, can be used for a middle name.
address PostalAddress Physical address of the item.
affiliation Organization An organization that this person is affiliated with. For example, a school/university, a club, or a team.
alumniOf EducationalOrganization An educational organizations that the person is an alumni of.
Inverse property: alumni.
award Text An award won by this person or for this creative work. Supercedes awards.
birthDate Date Date of birth.
brand Organization  or
Brand 
The brand(s) associated with a product or service, or the brand(s) maintained by an organization or business person.
children Person A child of the person.
colleague Person A colleague of the person. Supercedes colleagues.
contactPoint ContactPoint A contact point for a person or organization. Supercedes contactPoints.
deathDate Date Date of death.
duns Text The Dun & Bradstreet DUNS number for identifying an organization or business person.
email Text Email address.
familyName Text Family name. In the U.S., the last name of an Person. This can be used along with givenName instead of the Name property.
faxNumber Text The fax number.
follows Person The most generic uni-directional social relation.
gender Text Gender of the person.
givenName Text Given name. In the U.S., the first name of a Person. This can be used along with familyName instead of the Name property.
globalLocationNumber Text The Global Location Number (GLN, sometimes also referred to as International Location Number or ILN) of the respective organization, person, or place. The GLN is a 13-digit number used to identify parties and physical locations.
hasPOS Place Points-of-Sales operated by the organization or person.
homeLocation Place  or
ContactPoint 
A contact location for a person's residence.
honorificPrefix Text An honorific prefix preceding a Person's name such as Dr/Mrs/Mr.
honorificSuffix Text An honorific suffix preceding a Person's name such as M.D. /PhD/MSCSW.
interactionCount Text A count of a specific user interactions with this item—for example, 20 UserLikes, 5 UserComments, or 300 UserDownloads. The user interaction type should be one of the sub types of UserInteraction.
isicV4 Text The International Standard of Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC), Revision 4 code for a particular organization, business person, or place.
jobTitle Text The job title of the person (for example, Financial Manager).
knows Person The most generic bi-directional social/work relation.
makesOffer Offer A pointer to products or services offered by the organization or person.
memberOf Organization  or
ProgramMembership 
An Organization (or ProgramMembership) to which this Person or Organization belongs.
Inverse property: member.
naics Text The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code for a particular organization or business person.
nationality Country Nationality of the person.
owns Product  or
OwnershipInfo 
Products owned by the organization or person.
parent Person A parent of this person. Supercedes parents.
performerIn Event Event that this person is a performer or participant in.
relatedTo Person The most generic familial relation.
seeks Demand A pointer to products or services sought by the organization or person (demand).
sibling Person A sibling of the person. Supercedes siblings.
spouse Person The person's spouse.
taxID Text The Tax / Fiscal ID of the organization or person, e.g. the TIN in the US or the CIF/NIF in Spain.
telephone Text The telephone number.
vatID Text The Value-added Tax ID of the organization or person.
workLocation Place  or
ContactPoint 
A contact location for a person's place of work.
worksFor Organization Organizations that the person works for.
Properties from Thing
additionalType URL An additional type for the item, typically used for adding more specific types from external vocabularies in microdata syntax. This is a relationship between something and a class that the thing is in. In RDFa syntax, it is better to use the native RDFa syntax - the 'typeof' attribute - for multiple types. Schema.org tools may have only weaker understanding of extra types, in particular those defined externally.
alternateName Text An alias for the item.
description Text A short description of the item.
image ImageObject  or
URL 
URL of an image of the item.
name Text The name of the item.
potentialAction Action Indicates a potential Action, which describes an idealized action in which this thing would play an 'object' role.
sameAs URL URL of a reference Web page that unambiguously indicates the item's identity. E.g. the URL of the item's Wikipedia page, Freebase page, or official website.
url URL URL of the item.


Instances of Person may appear as values for the following properties
PropertyOn TypesDescription
accountablePerson CreativeWork Specifies the Person that is legally accountable for the CreativeWork.
acquiredFrom OwnershipInfo The organization or person from which the product was acquired.
actor Episode  or
TVEpisode  or
TVSeries  or
RadioSeries  or
RadioEpisode  or
Movie  or
Series 
A cast member of the movie, tv/radio series, season, episode, or video. Supercedes actors.
agent Action The direct performer or driver of the action (animate or inanimate). e.g. *John* wrote a book.
alumni EducationalOrganization Alumni of educational organization.
inverse property: alumniOf.
attendee Event A person or organization attending the event.
author CreativeWork The author of this content. Please note that author is special in that HTML 5 provides a special mechanism for indicating authorship via the rel tag. That is equivalent to this and may be used interchangeably.
bookingAgent Reservation If the reservation was not booked directly through the provider, the third-party booking agent can be recorded through this property.
borrower LendAction A sub property of participant. The person that borrows the object being lent.
buyer SellAction A sub property of participant. The participant/person/organization that bought the object.
candidate VoteAction A sub property of object. The candidate subject of this action.
children Person A child of the person.
colleague Person A colleague of the person. Supercedes colleagues.
contributor CreativeWork A secondary contributor to the CreativeWork.
copyrightHolder CreativeWork The party holding the legal copyright to the CreativeWork.
creator CreativeWork  or
UserComments 
The creator/author of this CreativeWork or UserComments. This is the same as the Author property for CreativeWork.
customer Order Party placing the order.
director Episode  or
TVEpisode  or
TVSeries  or
RadioSeries  or
RadioEpisode  or
Movie  or
Series 
The director of the movie, tv/radio episode or series. Supercedes directors.
editor CreativeWork Specifies the Person who edited the CreativeWork.
employee Organization Someone working for this organization. Supercedes employees.
endorsee EndorseAction A sub property of participant. The person/organization being supported.
endorsers Diet People or organizations that endorse the plan.
followee FollowAction A sub property of object. The person or organization being followed.
follows Person The most generic uni-directional social relation.
founder Organization A person who founded this organization. Supercedes founders.
illustrator Book The illustrator of the book.
knows Person The most generic bi-directional social/work relation.
landlord RentAction A sub property of participant. The owner of the real estate property.
lender BorrowAction A sub property of participant. The person that lends the object being borrowed.
loser WinAction A sub property of participant. The loser of the action.
member Organization  or
ProgramMembership 
A member of an Organization or a ProgramMembership. Organizations can be members of organizations; ProgramMembership is typically for individuals. Supercedes members.
inverse property: memberOf.
merchant Order The party taking the order (e.g. Amazon.com is a merchant for many sellers).
musicBy Episode  or
TVEpisode  or
TVSeries  or
RadioSeries  or
RadioEpisode  or
Movie  or
Series 
The composer of the movie or TV/radio soundtrack.
opponent ExerciseAction A sub property of participant. The opponent on this action.
organizer Event An organizer of an Event.
parent Person A parent of this person. Supercedes parents.
participant Action Other co-agents that participated in the action indirectly. e.g. John wrote a book with *Steve*.
performer Event A performer at the event—for example, a presenter, musician, musical group or actor. Supercedes performers.
producer Episode  or
TVEpisode  or
TVSeries  or
RadioSeries  or
RadioEpisode  or
Season  or
Movie  or
Series 
The producer of the movie, tv/radio series, season, or episode, or video.
provider BusTrip  or
CreativeWork  or
Service  or
Reservation  or
TrainTrip  or
Flight 
The person or organization providing the service, reservation, or creative work. The provider may subcontract out the service.
recipient DonateAction  or
ReturnAction  or
GiveAction  or
CommunicateAction  or
AuthorizeAction  or
PayAction  or
SendAction  or
TipAction 
A sub property of participant. The participant who is at the receiving end of the action.
relatedTo Person The most generic familial relation.
reviewedBy WebPage People or organizations that have reviewed the content on this web page for accuracy and/or completeness.
seller Offer  or
Demand 
The organization or person making the offer.
sender ReceiveAction A sub property of participant. The participant who is at the sending end of the action.
sibling Person A sibling of the person. Supercedes siblings.
spouse Person The person's spouse.
underName Ticket  or
Reservation 
The person or organization the reservation or ticket is for.
vendor BuyAction A sub property of participant. The seller. The participant/person/organization that sold the object.
winner LoseAction A sub property of participant. The winner of the action.

Acknowledgements

This class contains derivatives of IPTC rNews properties. rNews is a data model of publishing metadata with serializations currently available for RDFa as well as HTML5 Microdata. More information about the IPTC and rNews can be found at rnews.org.


Examples

Jane Doe
<img src="janedoe.jpg" />
Professor
20341 Whitworth Institute
405 Whitworth
Seattle WA 98052
(425) 123-4567
<a href="mailto:jane-doe@xyz.edu">jane-doe@illinois.edu</a>
Jane's home page:
<a href="http://www.janedoe.com">janedoe.com</a>
Graduate students:
<a href="http://www.xyz.edu/students/alicejones.html">Alice Jones</a>
<a href="http://www.xyz.edu/students/bobsmith.html">Bob Smith</a>
<div itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Person">
  <span itemprop="name">Jane Doe</span>
  <img src="janedoe.jpg" itemprop="image" />
  <span itemprop="jobTitle">Professor</span>
  <div itemprop="address" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/PostalAddress">
    <span itemprop="streetAddress">
      20341 Whitworth Institute
      405 N. Whitworth
    </span>
    <span itemprop="addressLocality">Seattle</span>,
    <span itemprop="addressRegion">WA</span>
    <span itemprop="postalCode">98052</span>
  </div>
  <span itemprop="telephone">(425) 123-4567</span>
  <a href="mailto:jane-doe@xyz.edu" itemprop="email">
    jane-doe@xyz.edu</a>
  Jane's home page:
  <a href="http://www.janedoe.com" itemprop="url">janedoe.com</a>
  Graduate students:
  <a href="http://www.xyz.edu/students/alicejones.html" itemprop="colleague">
    Alice Jones</a>
  <a href="http://www.xyz.edu/students/bobsmith.html" itemprop="colleague">
    Bob Smith</a>
</div>
<div vocab="http://schema.org/" typeof="Person">
  <span property="name">Jane Doe</span>
  <img src="janedoe.jpg" property="image" />
  <span property="jobTitle">Professor</span>
  <div property="address"  typeof="PostalAddress">
    <span property="streetAddress">
      20341 Whitworth Institute
      405 N. Whitworth
    </span>
    <span property="addressLocality">Seattle</span>,
    <span property="addressRegion">WA</span>
    <span property="postalCode">98052</span>
  </div>
  <span property="telephone">(425) 123-4567</span>
  <a href="mailto:jane-doe@xyz.edu" property="email">
    jane-doe@xyz.edu</a>
  Jane's home page:
  <a href="http://www.janedoe.com" property="url">janedoe.com</a>
  Graduate students:
  <a href="http://www.xyz.edu/students/alicejones.html" property="colleague">
    Alice Jones</a>
  <a href="http://www.xyz.edu/students/bobsmith.html" property="colleague">
    Bob Smith</a>
</div>
<script type="application/ld+json">
{
  "@context": "http://schema.org",
  "@type": "Person",
  "address": {
    "@type": "PostalAddress",
    "addressLocality": "Seattle",
    "addressRegion": "WA",
    "postalCode": "98052",
    "streetAddress": "20341 Whitworth Institute 405 N. Whitworth"
  },
  "colleague": [
    "http://www.xyz.edu/students/alicejones.html",
    "http://www.xyz.edu/students/bobsmith.html"
  ],
  "email": "mailto:jane-doe@xyz.edu",
  "image": "janedoe.jpg",
  "jobTitle": "Professor",
  "name": "Jane Doe",
  "telephone": "(425) 123-4567",
  "url": "http://www.janedoe.com"
}
</script>
<div>
  <h2>Shostakovich Leningrad</h2>
  <div>
    <div>May<span>23</span></div>
    <div>8:00 PM</div>
    <div>
      <strong>Britten, Shostakovich</strong>
    </div>
  </div>
  <div>
    <p>Jaap van Zweden conducts two World War II-era pieces showcasing the glorious sound of the CSO.</p>
  </div>
  <div>
    <h3>Program</h3>
    <ul>
      <li>
        <link href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Grimes" />
        <span><strong>Britten</strong> Four Sea Interludes and Passacaglia from <em>Peter Grimes</em></span>
  </li>
      <li>
      <link href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Symphony_No._7_(Shostakovich)" />
      <span><strong>Shostakovich</strong> Symphony No. 7 <em>(Leningrad)</em></span>
  </li>
    </ul>
  </div>
  <div>
    <h3>Performers</h3>
    <div>
      <img src="/examples/cso_c_logo_s.jpg" alt="Chicago Symphony Orchestra" />
      <link href="http://cso.org/" />
      <link href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chicago_Symphony_Orchestra" />
      <div>
        <a href="examples/Performer?id=4434">Chicago Symphony Orchestra</a>
      </div>
    </div>
    <div>
      <link href="http://www.jaapvanzweden.com/" />
      <img src="/examples/jvanzweden_s.jpg" alt="Jaap van Zweden"/>
      <div>
        <a href="/examples/Performer.aspx?id=11324">Jaap van Zweden</a>
      </div>
      <div>conductor</div>
    </div>
  </div>
</div>
<div itemscope="" itemtype="http://schema.org/MusicEvent">
  <div itemprop="location" itemscope="" itemtype="http://schema.org/MusicVenue">
    <span itemprop="name" content="Chicago Symphony Center"/>
    <link itemprop="sameAs" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Symphony_Center"/>
    <span itemprop="address" content="220 S. Michigan Ave, Chicago, Illinois, USA"/>
  </div>
  <div itemprop="offers" itemscope="" itemtype="http://schema.org/Offer">
    <link itemprop="url" href="/examples/ticket/12341234" />
    <span itemprop="price" content="$40"/>
    <span itemprop="availability" href="http://schema.org/InStock"/>
  </div>
  <h2 itemprop="name">Shostakovich Leningrad</h2>
  <div>
    <div itemprop="startDate" content="2014-05-23T20:00">May<span>23</span></div>
    <div>8:00 PM</div>
    <div>
      <strong>Britten, Shostakovich</strong>
    </div>
  </div>
  <div>
    <p>Jaap van Zweden conducts two World War II-era pieces showcasing the glorious sound of the CSO.</p>
  </div>
  <div>
    <h3>Program</h3>
    <ul>
      <li itemprop="workPerformed" itemscope="" itemtype="http://schema.org/CreativeWork">
        <link itemprop="sameAs" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Grimes" />
        <span itemprop="name"><strong>Britten</strong> Four Sea Interludes and Passacaglia from <em itemprop="name">Peter Grimes</em></span>
  </li>
      <li itemprop="workPerformed" itemscope="" itemtype="http://schema.org/CreativeWork">
      <link itemprop="sameAs" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Symphony_No._7_(Shostakovich)" />
      <span itemprop="name"><strong>Shostakovich</strong> Symphony No. 7 <em>(Leningrad)</em></span>
  </li>
    </ul>
  </div>
  <div>
    <h3>Performers</h3>
    <div itemprop="performer" itemscope="" itemtype="http://schema.org/MusicGroup">
      <img src="/examples/cso_c_logo_s.jpg" alt="Chicago Symphony Orchestra" />
      <link itemprop="sameAs" href="http://cso.org/" />
      <link itemprop="sameAs" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chicago_Symphony_Orchestra" />
      <div>
        <a href="examples/Performer?id=4434"><span itemprop="name">Chicago Symphony Orchestra</span></a>
      </div>
    </div>
    <div itemprop="performer" itemscope="" itemtype="http://schema.org/Person">
      <link itemprop="sameAs" href="http://www.jaapvanzweden.com/" />
      <img itemprop="image" src="/examples/jvanzweden_s.jpg" alt="Jaap van Zweden"/>
      <div>
        <a href="/examples/Performer.aspx?id=11324"><span itemprop="name">Jaap van Zweden</span></a>
      </div>
      <div>conductor</div>
    </div>
  </div>
</div>
<div vocab="http://schema.org/" typeof="MusicEvent">
  <div property="location" typeof="MusicVenue">
    <span property="name" content="Chicago Symphony Center"/>
    <link property="sameAs" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Symphony_Center"/>
    <span property="address" content="220 S. Michigan Ave, Chicago, Illinois, USA"/>
  </div>
  <div property="offers" typeof="Offer">
    <link property="url" href="/examples/ticket/12341234"/>
    <span property="price" content="$40"/>
    <span property="availability" href="http://schema.org/InStock"/>
  </div>
  <h2 property="name">Shostakovich Leningrad</h2>
  <div>
    <div property="startDate" content="2014-05-23T20:00">May<span>23</span></div>
    <div>8:00 PM</div>
    <div>
      <strong>Britten, Shostakovich</strong>
    </div>
  </div>
  <div>
    <p>Jaap van Zweden conducts two World War II-era pieces showcasing the glorious sound of the CSO.</p>
  </div>
  <div>
    <h3>Program</h3>
    <ul>
      <li property="workPerformed" typeof="CreativeWork">
        <link href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Grimes" property="sameAs"/>
        <span property="name"><strong>Britten</strong> Four Sea Interludes and Passacaglia from <em property="name">Peter Grimes</em></span>
  </li>
      <li property="workPerformed" typeof="CreativeWork">
      <link href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Symphony_No._7_(Shostakovich)" property="sameAs"/>
      <span property="name"><strong>Shostakovich</strong> Symphony No. 7 <em>(Leningrad)</em></span>
  </li>
    </ul>
  </div>
  <div>
    <h3>Performers</h3>
    <div property="performer" typeof="MusicGroup">
      <img src="/examples/cso_c_logo_s.jpg" alt="Chicago Symphony Orchestra"/>
      <link href="http://cso.org/" property="sameAs"/>
      <link href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chicago_Symphony_Orchestra" property="sameAs"/>
      <a property="name" href="examples/Performer?id=4434">Chicago Symphony Orchestra</a>
    </div>
    <div property="performer" typeof="Person">
      <link href="http://www.jaapvanzweden.com/" property="sameAs"/>
      <img src="/examples/jvanzweden_s.jpg" alt="Jaap van Zweden" property="image"/>
      <a property="name" href="/examples/Performer.aspx?id=11324">Jaap van Zweden</a>
      <div>conductor</div>
    </div>
  </div>
</div>
<script type="application/ld+json">
{
  "@context": "http://schema.org",
  "@type": "MusicEvent",
  "location": {
    "@type": "MusicVenue",
    "name": "Chicago Symphony Center",
    "address": "220 S. Michigan Ave, Chicago, Illinois, USA"
  },
  "name": "Shostakovich Leningrad",
  "offers": {
    "@type": "Offer",
    "url": "/examples/ticket/12341234",
    "price": "$40",
    "availability": "http://schema.org/InStock"
  },
  "performer": [
    {
      "@type": "MusicGroup",
      "name": "Chicago Symphony Orchestra",
      "sameAs": [
        "http://cso.org/",
        "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chicago_Symphony_Orchestra"
      ]
    },
    {
      "@type": "Person",
      "image": "/examples/jvanzweden_s.jpg",
      "name": "Jaap van Zweden",
      "sameAs": "http://www.jaapvanzweden.com/"
    }
  ],
  "startDate": "2014-05-23T20:00",
  "workPerformed": [
    {
      "@type": "CreativeWork",
      "name": "Britten Four Sea Interludes and Passacaglia from Peter Grimes",
      "sameAs": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Grimes"
    },
    {
      "@type": "CreativeWork",
      "name": "Shostakovich Symphony No. 7 (Leningrad)",
      "sameAs": "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Symphony_No._7_(Shostakovich)"
    }
  ]
}
</script>
A JSON example of an OrganizationRole, showing information
about a 'member' of a 'SportsTeam', including time qualfiers
(when he began and ended that role).
<div itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/SportsTeam">
  <span itemprop="name">San Francisco 49ers</span>
  <div itemprop="member" itemscope
        itemtype="http://schema.org/OrganizationRole">
    <div itemprop="member" itemscope
            itemtype="http://schema.org/Person">
      <span itemprop="name">Joe Montana</span>
    </div>
    <span itemprop="startDate">1979</span>
    <span itemprop="endDate">1992</span>
    <span itemprop="namedPosition">Quarterback</span>
</div>
<div vocab="http://schema.org/" typeof="SportsTeam">
  <span property="name">San Francisco 49ers</span>
  <div property="member" typeof="OrganizationRole">
    <div property="member" typeof="http://schema.org/Person">
      <span property="name">Joe Montana</span>
    </div>
    <span property="startDate">1979</span>
    <span property="endDate">1992</span>
    <span property="namedPosition">Quarterback</span>
</div>
<script type="application/ld+json">
{
  "@context": "http://schema.org",
  "@type": "SportsTeam",
  "name": "San Francisco 49ers",
  "member": {
    "@type": "OrganizationRole",
    "member": {
      "@type": "Person",
      "name": "Joe Montana"
    },
    "startDate": "1979",
    "endDate": "1992",
    "namedPosition": "Quarterback"
  }
}
</script>

Schema Version 1.7