PublicationVolume

Thing > CreativeWork > PublicationVolume

A part of a successively published publication such as a periodical or multi-volume work, often numbered. It may represent a time span, such as a year.

  <br/><br/>See also <a href="http://blog.schema.org/2014/09/schemaorg-support-for-bibliographic_2.html">blog post</a>.

Usage: Between 10 and 100 domains
PropertyExpected TypeDescription
Properties from PublicationVolume
pageEnd Integer  or
Text 
The page on which the work ends; for example "138" or "xvi".
pageStart Integer  or
Text 
The page on which the work starts; for example "135" or "xiii".
pagination Text Any description of pages that is not separated into pageStart and pageEnd; for example, "1-6, 9, 55" or "10-12, 46-49".
volumeNumber Integer  or
Text 
Identifies the volume of publication or multi-part work; for example, "iii" or "2".
Properties from CreativeWork
accessibilityAPI Text Indicates that the resource is compatible with the referenced accessibility API (WebSchemas wiki lists possible values).
award Text An award won by or for this item. Supersedes awards.
citation CreativeWork  or
Text 
A citation or reference to another creative work, such as another publication, web page, scholarly article, etc.
discussionUrl URL A link to the page containing the comments of the CreativeWork.
encoding MediaObject A media object that encodes this CreativeWork. This property is a synonym for associatedMedia. Supersedes encodings.
hasPart CreativeWork Indicates a CreativeWork that is (in some sense) a part of this CreativeWork.
Inverse property: isPartOf.
inLanguage Language  or
Text 
The language of the content or performance or used in an action. Please use one of the language codes from the IETF BCP 47 standard. See also availableLanguage. Supersedes language.
isAccessibleForFree Boolean A flag to signal that the publication is accessible for free. Supersedes free.
isBasedOn CreativeWork  or
Product  or
URL 
A resource that was used in the creation of this resource. This term can be repeated for multiple sources. For example, http://example.com/great-multiplication-intro.html. Supersedes isBasedOnUrl.
isPartOf CreativeWork Indicates a CreativeWork that this CreativeWork is (in some sense) part of.
Inverse property: hasPart.
learningResourceType Text The predominant type or kind characterizing the learning resource. For example, 'presentation', 'handout'.
license CreativeWork  or
URL 
A license document that applies to this content, typically indicated by URL.
locationCreated Place The location where the CreativeWork was created, which may not be the same as the location depicted in the CreativeWork.
mainEntity Thing Indicates the primary entity described in some page or other CreativeWork.
Inverse property: mainEntityOfPage.
position Integer  or
Text 
The position of an item in a series or sequence of items.
producer Organization  or
Person 
The person or organization who produced the work (e.g. music album, movie, tv/radio series etc.).
publisher Organization  or
Person 
The publisher of the creative work.
releasedEvent PublicationEvent The place and time the release was issued, expressed as a PublicationEvent.
review Review A review of the item. Supersedes reviews.
sponsor Organization  or
Person 
A person or organization that supports a thing through a pledge, promise, or financial contribution. e.g. a sponsor of a Medical Study or a corporate sponsor of an event.
thumbnailUrl URL A thumbnail image relevant to the Thing.
translator Organization  or
Person 
Organization or person who adapts a creative work to different languages, regional differences and technical requirements of a target market, or that translates during some event.
Properties from Thing
additionalType URL An additional type for the item, typically used for adding more specific types from external vocabularies in microdata syntax. This is a relationship between something and a class that the thing is in. In RDFa syntax, it is better to use the native RDFa syntax - the 'typeof' attribute - for multiple types. Schema.org tools may have only weaker understanding of extra types, in particular those defined externally.
alternateName Text An alias for the item.
description Text A description of the item.
disambiguatingDescription Text A sub property of description. A short description of the item used to disambiguate from other, similar items. Information from other properties (in particular, name) may be necessary for the description to be useful for disambiguation.
image ImageObject  or
URL 
An image of the item. This can be a URL or a fully described ImageObject.
mainEntityOfPage CreativeWork  or
URL 
Indicates a page (or other CreativeWork) for which this thing is the main entity being described. See background notes for details.
Inverse property: mainEntity.
name Text The name of the item.
potentialAction Action Indicates a potential Action, which describes an idealized action in which this thing would play an 'object' role.
sameAs URL URL of a reference Web page that unambiguously indicates the item's identity. E.g. the URL of the item's Wikipedia page, Freebase page, or official website.
url URL URL of the item.

Available properties in extensions

Acknowledgement

The W3C Schema Bib Extend (BibEx) group led the work to improve schema.org for bibliographic information, including terms for periodicals, articles and multi-volume works. The design was inspired in places (e.g. pageStart, pageEnd, pagination) by the Bibliographic Ontology, 'bibo'.



Examples

Example 1
 
<!-- A list of the issues for a single volume of a given periodical. -->
<div>
 <h1>The Lancet</h1>
 <p>Volume 376, July 2010-December 2010</p>
 <p>Published by Elsevier
 <ul>
   <li>ISSN: 0140-6736</li>
 </ul>
 <h3>Issues:</h3>
 <ul>
   <li>No. 9734 Jul 3, 2010 p 1-68</li>
   <li>No. 9735 Jul 10, 2010 p 69-140</li>
 </ul>
</div>
<!-- A list of the issues for a single volume of a given periodical. -->
<div itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Periodical">
  <h1 itemprop="name">The Lancet</h1>
  <p>Volume 376, July 2010-December 2010</p>
  <p>Published by <span itemprop="publisher">Elsevier</span>
  <ul>
    <li>ISSN: <span itemprop="issn">0140-6736</span></li>
  </ul>
  <h3>Issues:</h3>
  <div itemprop="hasPart" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/PublicationVolume" itemid="#vol376">
    <meta itemprop="volumeNumber" content="376">
    <ul>
      <li itemprop="hasPart" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/PublicationIssue" itemid="#iss9734">No. 
        <span itemprop="issueNumber">9734</span>
        <time datetime="2010-07-03" itemprop="datePublished">Jul 3, 2010</time>
        p <span itemprop="pageStart">1</span>-<span itemprop="pageEnd">68</span>
      </li>
      <li itemprop="hasPart" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/PublicationIssue" itemid="#iss9735">No.
        <span itemprop="issueNumber">9735</span>
        <time datetime="2010-07-03" itemprop="datePublished">Jul 10, 2010</time>
        p <span itemprop="pageStart">69</span>-<span itemprop="pageEnd">140</span>
      </li>
    </ul>
  </div>
</div>
<!-- A list of the issues for a single volume of a given periodical. -->
<div vocab="http://schema.org/" typeof="Periodical">
  <h1 property="name">The Lancet</h1>
  <p>Volume 376, July 2010-December 2010</p>
  <p>Published by <span property="publisher">Elsevier</span>
  <ul>
    <li>ISSN: <span property="issn">0140-6736</span></li>
  </ul>
  <h3>Issues:</h3>
  <div property="hasPart" typeof="PublicationVolume" resource="#vol376">
    <meta property="volumeNumber" content="376">
    <ul>
      <li property="hasPart" typeof="PublicationIssue" resource="#issue9734">No. 
        <span property="issueNumber">9734</span>
        <time datetime="2010-07-03" property="datePublished">Jul 3, 2010</time>
        p <span property="pageStart">1</span>-<span property="pageEnd">68</span>
      </li>
      <li property="hasPart" typeof="PublicationIssue" resource="#issue9735">No.
        <span property="issueNumber">9735</span>
        <time datetime="2010-07-03" property="datePublished">Jul 10, 2010</time>
        p <span property="pageStart">69</span>-<span property="pageEnd">140</span>
      </li>
    </ul>
  </div>
</div>
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  "@type": "Periodical", 
  "issn": "0140-6736", 
  "hasPart": {
    "@id": "vol376", 
    "@type": "PublicationVolume", 
    "volumeNumber": "376", 
    "hasPart": [
      {
        "@id": "issue9735", 
        "@type": "PublicationIssue", 
        "datePublished": "2010-07-03", 
        "pageEnd": "140", 
        "pageStart": "69", 
        "issueNumber": "9735"
      }, 
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        "@id": "issue9734", 
        "@type": "PublicationIssue", 
        "datePublished": "2010-07-03", 
        "pageEnd": "68", 
        "pageStart": "1", 
        "issueNumber": "9734"
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  }, 
  "name": "The Lancet", 
  "publisher": "Elsevier"
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Example 2
<!-- An article, fully linked to the issue, volume, and periodical in which it was published -->
<div>
  <strong>Title:</strong> Be Careful What You Wish For: FRBR, Some Lacunae, A Review<br />
  <strong>Author:</strong> Smiraglia, Richard P.<br />
  <strong>Subjects:</strong> Catalog ; Works <br />
  <strong>Is Part Of:</strong>
  <div>Cataloging &amp; Classification Quarterly, 2012, Vol. 50 (5),</div>
  <div>p.360-368 [Peer Reviewed Journal]<br />
    <strong>Description:</strong>
      The library catalog as a catalog of works
      was an infectious idea, which together with research led to
      reconceptualization in the form of the FRBR conceptual model. Two
      categories of lacunae emerge—the expression entity, and gaps in the
      model such as aggregates and dynamic documents. Evidence needed to
      extend the FRBR model is available in contemporary research on
      instantiation. The challenge for the bibliographic community is to
      begin to think of FRBR as a form of knowledge organization system,
      adding a final dimension to classification. The articles in the present
      special issue offer a compendium of the promise of the FRBR
      model.
  </div>
  <strong>Publisher:</strong> Taylor &amp; Francis Group<br />
  <strong>Source:</strong> Routledge, Taylor &amp; Francis Group<br />
  <strong>ISSN:</strong> 0163-9374 ;<br />
  <strong>E-ISSN:</strong> 1544-4554;<br />
  <strong>DOI:</strong>
  <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01639374.2012.682254">10.1080/01639374.2012.682254</a>
</div>
 
 
 
<!-- An article, fully linked to the issue, volume, and periodical in which it was published -->
<div itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/ScholarlyArticle">
  <strong>Title:</strong> <span itemprop="name">Be Careful What You Wish For: FRBR, Some Lacunae, A Review</span><br />
  <strong>Author:</strong> <span itemprop="author">Smiraglia, Richard P.</span><br />
  <strong>Subjects:</strong> <span itemprop="about">Catalog</span> ; <span itemprop="about">Works</span> <br />
  <strong>Is Part Of:</strong>
  <div itemprop="isPartOf" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/PublicationIssue" itemid="#issue">
    <span itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Periodical" itemid="#periodical">
      <span itemprop="name">Cataloging &amp; Classification Quarterly</span>,
    </span>
    <span itemprop="datePublished">2012</span>,
    Vol.<span itemprop="isPartOf" itemscope
              itemtype="http://schema.org/PublicationVolume"><link
              itemprop="isPartOf" href="#periodical" /><span
              itemprop="volumeNumber">50</span></span>(<span
          itemprop="issueNumber">5</span>),
  </div>
  <div>
    p.<span itemprop="pageStart">360</span>-<span itemprop="pageEnd">368</span> [Peer Reviewed Journal]<br />
    <strong>Description:</strong>
    <span itemprop="description">The library catalog as a catalog of works
      was an infectious idea, which together with research led to
      reconceptualization in the form of the FRBR conceptual model. Two
      categories of lacunae emerge—the expression entity, and gaps in the
      model such as aggregates and dynamic documents. Evidence needed to
      extend the FRBR model is available in contemporary research on
      instantiation. The challenge for the bibliographic community is to
      begin to think of FRBR as a form of knowledge organization system,
      adding a final dimension to classification. The articles in the present
      special issue offer a compendium of the promise of the FRBR
      model.</span>
  </div>
  <span itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Periodical" itemid="#periodical">
    <strong>Publisher:</strong>
    <span itemprop="publisher">Taylor &amp; Francis Group</span><br />
    <strong>Source:</strong> Routledge, Taylor &amp; Francis Group<br />
    <strong>ISSN:</strong> <span itemprop="issn">0163-9374</span> ;<br />
    <strong>E-ISSN:</strong> <span itemprop="issn">1544-4554</span> ;<br />
  </span>
  <strong>DOI:</strong>
  <a itemprop="sameAs" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01639374.2012.682254">10.1080/01639374.2012.682254</a>
</div>
 
 
<!-- An article, fully linked to the issue, volume, and periodical in which it was published -->
<div vocab="http://schema.org/" typeof="ScholarlyArticle" resource="#article">
  <strong>Title:</strong> <span property="name">Be Careful What You Wish For: FRBR, Some Lacunae, A Review</span><br />
  <strong>Author:</strong> <span property="author">Smiraglia, Richard P.</span><br />
  <strong>Subjects:</strong> <span property="about">Catalog</span> ; <span property="about">Works</span> <br />
  <strong>Is Part Of:</strong>
  <div property="isPartOf" typeof="PublicationIssue" resource="#issue">
    <span typeof="Periodical" resource="#periodical">
      <span property="name">Cataloging &amp; Classification Quarterly</span>,
    </span>
    <span property="datePublished">2012</span>,
    Vol.<span property="isPartOf" typeof="PublicationVolume" resource="#periodical"><span
              property="volumeNumber">50</span></span>(<span
          property="issueNumber">5</span>),
  </div>
  <div>
    p.<span property="pageStart">360</span>-<span property="pageEnd">368</span> [Peer Reviewed Journal]<br />
    <strong>Description:</strong>
    <span property="description">The library catalog as a catalog of works
      was an infectious idea, which together with research led to
      reconceptualization in the form of the FRBR conceptual model. Two
      categories of lacunae emerge—the expression entity, and gaps in the
      model such as aggregates and dynamic documents. Evidence needed to
      extend the FRBR model is available in contemporary research on
      instantiation. The challenge for the bibliographic community is to
      begin to think of FRBR as a form of knowledge organization system,
      adding a final dimension to classification. The articles in the present
      special issue offer a compendium of the promise of the FRBR
      model.</span>
  </div>
  <span resource="#periodical">
    <strong>Publisher:</strong>
    <span property="publisher">Taylor &amp; Francis Group</span><br />
    <strong>Source:</strong> Routledge, Taylor &amp; Francis Group<br />
    <strong>ISSN:</strong> <span property="issn">0163-9374</span> ;<br />
    <strong>E-ISSN:</strong> <span property="issn">1544-4554</span> ;<br />
  </span>
  <strong>DOI:</strong>
  <a property="sameAs" href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01639374.2012.682254">10.1080/01639374.2012.682254</a>
</div>
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        "@id": "#issue", 
        "@type": "PublicationIssue", 
        "issueNumber": "5", 
        "datePublished": "2012", 
        "isPartOf": {
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            "@type": [
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                "Periodical"
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Example 3
<!-- A trilogy of books with numbered volumes. -->
<div>
  <p>
    The <strong>Lord of the Rings</strong> is an English-language fictional trilogy by J. R. R. Tolkien (1892-1973).
  </p>
  <p>
    The books in the trilogy are:
  </p>
  <ul>
    <li>Vol. 1: The Fellowship of the Ring</li>
    <li>Vol. 2: The Two Towers</li>
    <li>Vol. 3: The Return of the King</li>
  </ul>
</div>
<!-- A trilogy of books with numbered volumes. -->
<div>
  <p itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Book" itemid="#trilogy">
    <link itemprop="about" href="http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1020337">
    The <strong itemprop="name">Lord of the Rings</strong> is an 
    <meta itemprop="inLanguage" content="en">English-language</meta> 
    <span itemprop="genre">fictional</span> trilogy by
    <span itemprop="author" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Person" itemid="#author">
      <link itemprop="sameAs" href="http://viaf.org/viaf/95218067">
      <meta itemprop="name" content="Tolkien, J. R. R. (John Ronald Reuel)">J. R. R. Tolkien</meta>
     (<span itemprop="birthDate">1892</span>-<span itemprop="deathDate">1973</span>).
    </span>
    <link itemprop="hasPart" href="#book1">
    <link itemprop="hasPart" href="#book2">
    <link itemprop="hasPart" href="#book3">
  </p>
  <p>
    The books in the trilogy are:
  </p>
  <ul>
    <li itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Book http://schema.org/PublicationVolume" itemid="#book1">
      Vol. <span itemprop="volumeNumber">1</span>:
      <link itemprop="about" href="http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1020337">
      <link itemprop="isPartOf" href="#trilogy">
      <link itemprop="author" href="#author">
      <meta itemprop="inLanguage" content="en">
      <span itemprop="name">The Fellowship of the Ring</span>
    </li>
    <li itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Book http://schema.org/PublicationVolume" itemid="#book2">
      Vol. <span itemprop="volumeNumber">2</span>:
      <link itemprop="about" href="http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1020337">
      <link itemprop="isPartOf" href="#trilogy">
      <link itemprop="author" href="#author">
      <meta itemprop="inLanguage" content="en">
      <span itemprop="name">The Two Towers</span>
    </li>
    <li itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Book http://schema.org/PublicationVolume" itemid="#book3">
      Vol. <span itemprop="volumeNumber">3</span>:
      <link itemprop="about" href="http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1020337">
      <link itemprop="isPartOf" href="#trilogy">
      <link itemprop="author" href="#author">
      <meta itemprop="inLanguage" content="en">
      <span itemprop="name">The Return of the King</span>
    </li>
  </ul>
</div>
<!-- A trilogy of books with numbered volumes. -->
<div vocab="http://schema.org/">
  <p typeof="Book" resource="#trilogy">
    <link property="about" href="http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1020337">
    The <strong property="name">Lord of the Rings</strong> is an 
    <span property="inLanguage" content="en">English-language</span> 
    <span property="genre">fictional</span> trilogy by
    <span property="author" typeof="Person" resource="#author">
      <link property="sameAs" href="http://viaf.org/viaf/95218067">
      <span property="name" content="Tolkien, J. R. R. (John Ronald Reuel)">J. R. R. Tolkien</span>
      (<span property="birthDate">1892</span>-<span property="deathDate">1973</span>).
    </span>
    <link property="hasPart" href="#book1">
    <link property="hasPart" href="#book2">
    <link property="hasPart" href="#book3">
  </p>
  <p>
    The books in the trilogy are:
  </p>
  <ul>
    <li typeof="Book PublicationVolume" resource="#book1">
      Vol. <span property="volumeNumber">1</span>:
      <link property="about" href="http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1020337">
      <link property="isPartOf" href="#trilogy">
      <link property="author" href="#author">
      <meta property="inLanguage" content="en">
      <span property="name">The Fellowship of the Ring</span>
    </li>
    <li typeof="Book PublicationVolume" resource="#book2">
      Vol. <span property="volumeNumber">2</span>:
      <link property="about" href="http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1020337">
      <link property="isPartOf" href="#trilogy">
      <link property="author" href="#author">
      <meta property="inLanguage" content="en">
      <span property="name">The Two Towers</span>
    </li>
    <li typeof="Book PublicationVolume" resource="#book3">
      Vol. <span property="volumeNumber">3</span>:
      <link property="about" href="http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1020337">
      <link property="isPartOf" href="#trilogy">
      <link property="author" href="#author">
      <meta property="inLanguage" content="en">
      <span property="name">The Return of the King</span>
    </li>
  </ul>
</div>
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Example 4
<!-- An article citation in MLA format, using a 'flat' approach that simplifies
  markup by not specifying an explicit relationship between the periodical,
  volume, and issue -->
<div>
  Carlyle, Allyson. "Understanding FRBR as a Conceptual Model: FRBR
    and the Bibliographic Universe." 
  <em>Library Resources and Technical Services</em>,
  v. 50, no. 4 (October 2006): 264-273. Print.
</div>
<!-- An article citation in MLA format, using a 'flat' approach that simplifies
  markup by not specifying an explicit relationship between the periodical,
  volume, and issue -->
<div itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/ScholarlyArticle">
  <span itemprop="author">Carlyle, Allyson.</span>
  "<span itemprop="name">Understanding FRBR as a Conceptual Model: FRBR
    and the Bibliographic Universe</span>"
  <div itemprop="isPartOf" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Periodical">
    <em><span itemprop="name">Library Resources and Technical Services</span></em>
  </div>
  <span itemprop="isPartOf" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/PublicationVolume">
    v. <span itemprop="volumeNumber">50</span>
  </span>,
  <span itemprop="isPartOf" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/PublicationIssue">
    no. <span itemprop="issueNumber">4</span> 
    (<time datetime="2006-10" itemprop="datePublished">October 2006</time>):
  </span>
  <span itemprop="pageStart">264</span>-<span itemprop="pageEnd">273</span>
Print.</div>
<!-- An article citation in MLA format, using a 'flat' approach that simplifies
  markup by not specifying an explicit relationship between the periodical,
  volume, and issue -->
<div vocab="http://schema.org/" typeof="ScholarlyArticle">
  <span property="author">Carlyle, Allyson.</span>
  "<span property="name">Understanding FRBR as a Conceptual Model: FRBR
    and the Bibliographic Universe</span>"
  <div property="isPartOf" typeof="Periodical">
    <em><span property="name">Library Resources and Technical Services</span></em>
  </div>
  <span property="isPartOf" typeof="PublicationVolume">
    v. <span property ="volumeNumber">50</span>
  </span>,
  <span property="isPartOf" typeof="PublicationIssue">
    no. <span property="issueNumber">4</span> 
    (<time datetime="2006-10" property="datePublished">October 2006</time>):
  </span>
  <span property="pageStart">264</span>-<span property="pageEnd">273</span>
Print.</div>
 
 
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Schema Version 3.1