Thing > MedicalEntity > MedicalRiskFactor

A risk factor is anything that increases a person's likelihood of developing or contracting a disease, medical condition, or complication.
PropertyExpected TypeDescription
Properties from MedicalRiskFactor
increasesRiskOf MedicalEntity The condition, complication, etc. influenced by this factor.
Properties from MedicalEntity
alternateName Text An alias for the item.
code MedicalCode A medical code for the entity, taken from a controlled vocabulary or ontology such as ICD-9, DiseasesDB, MeSH, SNOMED-CT, RxNorm, etc.
guideline MedicalGuideline A medical guideline related to this entity.
medicineSystem MedicineSystem The system of medicine that includes this MedicalEntity, for example 'evidence-based', 'homeopathic', 'chiropractic', etc.
recognizingAuthority Organization If applicable, the organization that officially recognizes this entity as part of its endorsed system of medicine.
relevantSpecialty MedicalSpecialty If applicable, a medical specialty in which this entity is relevant.
study MedicalStudy A medical study or trial related to this entity.
Properties from Thing
additionalType URL An additional type for the item, typically used for adding more specific types from external vocabularies in microdata syntax. This is a relationship between something and a class that the thing is in. In RDFa syntax, it is better to use the native RDFa syntax - the 'typeof' attribute - for multiple types. Schema.org tools may have only weaker understanding of extra types, in particular those defined externally.
alternateName Text An alias for the item.
description Text A short description of the item.
image URL  or
ImageObject 
URL of an image of the item.
name Text The name of the item.
potentialAction Action Indicates a potential Action, which describes an idealized action in which this thing would play an 'object' role.
sameAs URL URL of a reference Web page that unambiguously indicates the item's identity. E.g. the URL of the item's Wikipedia page, Freebase page, or official website.
url URL URL of the item.


Instances of MedicalRiskFactor may appear as values for the following properties
PropertyOn TypesDescription
includedRiskFactor MedicalRiskEstimator A modifiable or non-modifiable risk factor included in the calculation, e.g. age, coexisting condition.
riskFactor MedicalCondition A modifiable or non-modifiable factor that increases the risk of a patient contracting this condition, e.g. age, coexisting condition.

Acknowledgements

This class contains information contributed by WikiDoc.


Examples

<h1>Stable angina (angina pectoris)</h1>
Stable angina is a medical condition that affects the heart. The
most common causes are atherosclerosis and spasms of the
epicardial artery. Typical symptoms include:
<ul>
  <li>chest discomfort</li>
  <li>feeling of tightness, heaviness, or pain in the chest</li>
</ul>
Both stable angina and a heart attack result in chest pain, but
a heart attack will have chest pain lasting at least
10 minutes at rest, repeated episodes of chest pain at rest
lasting 5 or more minutes, or an accelerating pattern of chest
discomfort (episodes that are more frequent, severe,
longer in duration, and precipitated by minimal exertion).
<br>
Risk factors for stable angina include:
<ul>
  <li>Age</li>
  <li>Gender</li>
  <li>Systolic blood pressure</li>
  <li>Smoking</li>
  <li>Total cholesterol and/or cholesterol:HDL ratio</li>
  <li>Coronary artery disease</li>
</ul>
The initial treatment for stable angina is usually drug therapy
with aspirin, beta blockers, ACE inhibitors, and/or nitroglycerine.
Future episodes of stable angina can sometimes be prevented by
stopping smoking, weight management, and increased physical activity.
<div itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalCondition">
  <h1><span itemprop="name">Stable angina</span>
    (<span itemprop="alternateName">angina pectoris</span>)</h1>
  <span itemprop="code" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalCode">
    <meta itemprop="code" content="413"/>
    <meta itemprop="codingSystem" content="ICD-9"/>
  </span>
  Stable angina is a medical condition that affects the
  <span itemprop="associatedAnatomy" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/AnatomicalStructure">
    <span itemprop="name">heart</span>
  </span>.
  The most common causes are
  <span itemprop="cause" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalCause">
    <span itemprop="name">atherosclerosis</span>
  </span>
  and
  <span itemprop="cause" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalCause">
    <span itemprop="name">spasms of the epicardial artery</span>
  </span>.
  Typical symptoms include:
  <ul>
    <li><span itemprop="signOrSymptom" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalSymptom">
          <span itemprop="name">chest discomfort</span>
        </span>
    </li>
    <li><span itemprop="signOrSymptom" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalSymptom">
          <span itemprop="name">feeling of tightness, heaviness,
            or pain in the chest</span>
        </span>
    </li>
  </ul>
  Both stable angina and a
  <span itemprop="differentialDiagnosis" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/DDxElement">
    <span itemprop="diagnosis" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalCondition">
      <span itemprop="name">heart attack</span>
    </span>
    result in chest pain, but a heart attack will have
    <span itemprop="distinguishingSign" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalSymptom">
      <span itemprop="name">chest pain lasting at least 10 minutes at rest</span>
    </span>,
    <span itemprop="distinguishingSign" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalSymptom">
      <span itemprop="name">repeated episodes of chest pain at rest
        lasting 5 or more minutes
      </span>
    </span>, or
    <span itemprop="distinguishingSign" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalSymptom">
      <span itemprop="name">an accelerating pattern of
        chest discomfort (episodes that are more frequent, severe,
        longer in duration, and precipitated by minimal exertion)
      </span>
    </span>
  </span>.
  <br>
  Risk factors for stable angina include:
  <ul>
    <li><span itemprop="riskFactor" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalRiskFactor">
          <span itemprop="name">Age</span>
        </span></li>
    <li><span itemprop="riskFactor" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalRiskFactor">
          <span itemprop="name">Gender</span>
        </span></li>
    <li><span itemprop="riskFactor" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalRiskFactor">
          <span itemprop="name">Systolic blood pressure</span>
        </span></li>
    <li><span itemprop="riskFactor" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalRiskFactor">
          <span itemprop="name">Smoking</span>
        </span></li>
    <li><span itemprop="riskFactor" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalRiskFactor">
          <span itemprop="name">Total cholesterol and/or cholesterol:HDL ratio</span>
        </span></li>
    <li><span itemprop="riskFactor" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalRiskFactor">
          <span itemprop="name">Coronary artery disease</span>
        </span></li>
  </ul>
  The initial treatment for stable angina is usually drug therapy
  with
  <span itemprop="possibleTreatment" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Drug">
    <span itemprop="name">aspirin</span>
  </span>,
  <span itemprop="possibleTreatment" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/DrugClass">
    <span itemprop="name">beta blockers</span>
  </span>,
  <span itemprop="possibleTreatment" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/DrugClass">
    <span itemprop="name">ACE inhibitors</span>
  </span>, and/or
  <span itemprop="possibleTreatment" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Drug">
    <span itemprop="name">nitroglycerine</span>
  </span>,
  Future episodes of stable angina can sometimes be prevented by
  <span itemprop="secondaryPrevention" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/LifestyleModification">
    <span itemprop="name">stopping smoking</span>
  </span>,
  <span itemprop="secondaryPrevention" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/LifestyleModification">
    <span itemprop="name">weight management</span>
  </span>, and
  <span itemprop="secondaryPrevention" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/LifestyleModification">
    <span itemprop="name">increased physical activity</span>
  </span>.
</div>
<div vocab="http://schema.org/" typeof="MedicalCondition">
  <h1><span property="name">Stable angina</span>
    (<span property="alternateName">angina pectoris</span>)</h1>
  <span property="code"  typeof="MedicalCode">
    <meta property="code" content="413"/>
    <meta property="codingSystem" content="ICD-9"/>
  </span>
  Stable angina is a medical condition that affects the
  <span property="associatedAnatomy"  typeof="AnatomicalStructure">
    <span property="name">heart</span>
  </span>.
  The most common causes are
  <span property="cause"  typeof="MedicalCause">
    <span property="name">atherosclerosis</span>
  </span>
  and
  <span property="cause"  typeof="MedicalCause">
    <span property="name">spasms of the epicardial artery</span>
  </span>.
  Typical symptoms include:
  <ul>
    <li><span property="signOrSymptom"  typeof="MedicalSymptom">
          <span property="name">chest discomfort</span>
        </span>
    </li>
    <li><span property="signOrSymptom"  typeof="MedicalSymptom">
          <span property="name">feeling of tightness, heaviness,
            or pain in the chest</span>
        </span>
    </li>
  </ul>
  Both stable angina and a
  <span property="differentialDiagnosis"  typeof="DDxElement">
    <span property="diagnosis"  typeof="MedicalCondition">
      <span property="name">heart attack</span>
    </span>
    result in chest pain, but a heart attack will have
    <span property="distinguishingSign"  typeof="MedicalSymptom">
      <span property="name">chest pain lasting at least 10 minutes at rest</span>
    </span>,
    <span property="distinguishingSign"  typeof="MedicalSymptom">
      <span property="name">repeated episodes of chest pain at rest
        lasting 5 or more minutes
      </span>
    </span>, or
    <span property="distinguishingSign"  typeof="MedicalSymptom">
      <span property="name">an accelerating pattern of
        chest discomfort (episodes that are more frequent, severe,
        longer in duration, and precipitated by minimal exertion)
      </span>
    </span>
  </span>.
  <br>
  Risk factors for stable angina include:
  <ul>
    <li><span property="riskFactor"  typeof="MedicalRiskFactor">
          <span property="name">Age</span>
        </span></li>
    <li><span property="riskFactor"  typeof="MedicalRiskFactor">
          <span property="name">Gender</span>
        </span></li>
    <li><span property="riskFactor"  typeof="MedicalRiskFactor">
          <span property="name">Systolic blood pressure</span>
        </span></li>
    <li><span property="riskFactor"  typeof="MedicalRiskFactor">
          <span property="name">Smoking</span>
        </span></li>
    <li><span property="riskFactor"  typeof="MedicalRiskFactor">
          <span property="name">Total cholesterol and/or cholesterol:HDL ratio</span>
        </span></li>
    <li><span property="riskFactor"  typeof="MedicalRiskFactor">
          <span property="name">Coronary artery disease</span>
        </span></li>
  </ul>
  The initial treatment for stable angina is usually drug therapy
  with
  <span property="possibleTreatment"  typeof="Drug">
    <span property="name">aspirin</span>
  </span>,
  <span property="possibleTreatment"  typeof="DrugClass">
    <span property="name">beta blockers</span>
  </span>,
  <span property="possibleTreatment"  typeof="DrugClass">
    <span property="name">ACE inhibitors</span>
  </span>, and/or
  <span property="possibleTreatment"  typeof="Drug">
    <span property="name">nitroglycerine</span>
  </span>,
  Future episodes of stable angina can sometimes be prevented by
  <span property="secondaryPrevention"  typeof="LifestyleModification">
    <span property="name">stopping smoking</span>
  </span>,
  <span property="secondaryPrevention"  typeof="LifestyleModification">
    <span property="name">weight management</span>
  </span>, and
  <span property="secondaryPrevention"  typeof="LifestyleModification">
    <span property="name">increased physical activity</span>
  </span>.
</div>
<script type="application/ld+json">
{
  "@context": "http://schema.org",
  "@type": "MedicalCondition",
  "alternateName": "angina pectoris",
  "associatedAnatomy": {
    "@type": "AnatomicalStructure",
    "name": "heart"
  },
  "cause": [
    {
      "@type": "MedicalCause",
      "name": "atherosclerosis"
    },
    {
      "@type": "MedicalCause",
      "name": "spasms of the epicardial artery"
    }
  ],
  "code": {
    "@type": "MedicalCode",
    "code": "413",
    "codingSystem": "ICD-9"
  },
  "differentialDiagnosis": {
    "@type": "DDxElement",
    "diagnosis": {
      "@type": "MedicalCondition",
      "name": "heart attack"
    },
    "distinguishingSign": [
      {
        "@type": "MedicalSymptom",
        "name": "chest pain lasting at least 10 minutes at rest"
      },
      {
        "@type": "MedicalSymptom",
        "name": "repeated episodes of chest pain at rest lasting 5 or more minutes"
      },
      {
        "@type": "MedicalSymptom",
        "name": "an accelerating pattern of chest discomfort (episodes that are more frequent, severe, longer in duration, and precipitated by minimal exertion)"
      }
    ]
  },
  "name": "Stable angina",
  "possibleTreatment": [
    {
      "@type": "Drug",
      "name": "aspirin"
    },
    {
      "@type": "DrugClass",
      "name": "beta blockers"
    },
    {
      "@type": "DrugClass",
      "name": "ACE inhibitors"
    },
    {
      "@type": "Drug",
      "name": "nitroglycerine"
    }
  ],
  "riskFactor": [
    {
      "@type": "MedicalRiskFactor",
      "name": "Age"
    },
    {
      "@type": "MedicalRiskFactor",
      "name": "Gender"
    },
    {
      "@type": "MedicalRiskFactor",
      "name": "Systolic blood pressure"
    },
    {
      "@type": "MedicalRiskFactor",
      "name": "Smoking"
    },
    {
      "@type": "MedicalRiskFactor",
      "name": "Total cholesterol and/or cholesterol:HDL ratio"
    },
    {
      "@type": "MedicalRiskFactor",
      "name": "Coronary artery disease"
    }
  ],
  "secondaryPrevention": [
    {
      "@type": "LifestyleModification",
      "name": "stopping smoking"
    },
    {
      "@type": "LifestyleModification",
      "name": "weight management"
    },
    {
      "@type": "LifestyleModification",
      "name": "increased physical activity"
    }
  ],
  "signOrSymptom": [
    {
      "@type": "MedicalSymptom",
      "name": "chest discomfort"
    },
    {
      "@type": "MedicalSymptom",
      "name": "feeling of tightness, heaviness, or pain in the chest"
    }
  ]
}
</script>

Schema Version 1.8