Thing > CreativeWork > Book

A book.
PropertyExpected TypeDescription
Properties from Book
bookEdition Text The edition of the book.
bookFormat BookFormatType The format of the book.
illustrator Person The illustrator of the book.
isbn Text The ISBN of the book.
numberOfPages Integer The number of pages in the book.
Properties from CreativeWork
about Thing The subject matter of the content.
accessibilityAPI Text Indicates that the resource is compatible with the referenced accessibility API (WebSchemas wiki lists possible values).
accessibilityControl Text Identifies input methods that are sufficient to fully control the described resource (WebSchemas wiki lists possible values).
accessibilityFeature Text Content features of the resource, such as accessible media, alternatives and supported enhancements for accessibility (WebSchemas wiki lists possible values).
accessibilityHazard Text A characteristic of the described resource that is physiologically dangerous to some users. Related to WCAG 2.0 guideline 2.3. (WebSchemas wiki lists possible values)
accountablePerson Person Specifies the Person that is legally accountable for the CreativeWork.
aggregateRating AggregateRating The overall rating, based on a collection of reviews or ratings, of the item.
alternativeHeadline Text A secondary title of the CreativeWork.
associatedMedia MediaObject The media objects that encode this creative work. This property is a synonym for encodings.
audience Audience The intended audience of the item, i.e. the group for whom the item was created.
audio AudioObject An embedded audio object.
author Person  or
Organization 
The author of this content. Please note that author is special in that HTML 5 provides a special mechanism for indicating authorship via the rel tag. That is equivalent to this and may be used interchangeably.
award Text An award won by this person or for this creative work. Supercedes awards.
citation Text  or
CreativeWork 
A citation or reference to another creative work, such as another publication, web page, scholarly article, etc.
comment Comment  or
UserComments 
Comments, typically from users, on this CreativeWork.
commentCount Integer The number of comments this CreativeWork (e.g. Article, Question or Answer) has received. This is most applicable to works published in Web sites with commenting system; additional comments may exist elsewhere.
contentLocation Place The location of the content.
contentRating Text Official rating of a piece of content—for example,'MPAA PG-13'.
contributor Person  or
Organization 
A secondary contributor to the CreativeWork.
copyrightHolder Person  or
Organization 
The party holding the legal copyright to the CreativeWork.
copyrightYear Number The year during which the claimed copyright for the CreativeWork was first asserted.
creator Person  or
Organization 
The creator/author of this CreativeWork or UserComments. This is the same as the Author property for CreativeWork.
dateCreated Date The date on which the CreativeWork was created.
dateModified Date The date on which the CreativeWork was most recently modified.
datePublished Date Date of first broadcast/publication.
discussionUrl URL A link to the page containing the comments of the CreativeWork.
editor Person Specifies the Person who edited the CreativeWork.
educationalAlignment AlignmentObject An alignment to an established educational framework.
educationalUse Text The purpose of a work in the context of education; for example, 'assignment', 'group work'.
encoding MediaObject A media object that encode this CreativeWork. Supercedes encodings.
genre Text Genre of the creative work
headline Text Headline of the article
inLanguage Text The language of the content. please use one of the language codes from the IETF BCP 47 standard.
interactionCount Text A count of a specific user interactions with this item—for example, 20 UserLikes, 5 UserComments, or 300 UserDownloads. The user interaction type should be one of the sub types of UserInteraction.
interactivityType Text The predominant mode of learning supported by the learning resource. Acceptable values are 'active', 'expositive', or 'mixed'.
isBasedOnUrl URL A resource that was used in the creation of this resource. This term can be repeated for multiple sources. For example, http://example.com/great-multiplication-intro.html
isFamilyFriendly Boolean Indicates whether this content is family friendly.
keywords Text Keywords or tags used to describe this content. Multiple entries in a keywords list are typically delimited by commas.
learningResourceType Text The predominant type or kind characterizing the learning resource. For example, 'presentation', 'handout'.
license URL  or
CreativeWork 
A license document that applies to this content, typically indicated by URL.
mentions Thing Indicates that the CreativeWork contains a reference to, but is not necessarily about a concept.
offers Offer An offer to provide this item—for example, an offer to sell a product, rent the DVD of a movie, or give away tickets to an event.
provider Person  or
Organization 
The person or organization providing the service, reservation, or creative work. The provider may subcontract out the service.
publisher Organization The publisher of the creative work.
publishingPrinciples URL Link to page describing the editorial principles of the organization primarily responsible for the creation of the CreativeWork.
review Review A review of the item. Supercedes reviews.
sourceOrganization Organization The Organization on whose behalf the creator was working.
text Text The textual content of this CreativeWork.
thumbnailUrl URL A thumbnail image relevant to the Thing.
timeRequired Duration Approximate or typical time it takes to work with or through this learning resource for the typical intended target audience, e.g. 'P30M', 'P1H25M'.
typicalAgeRange Text The typical expected age range, e.g. '7-9', '11-'.
version Number The version of the CreativeWork embodied by a specified resource.
video VideoObject An embedded video object.
Properties from Thing
additionalType URL An additional type for the item, typically used for adding more specific types from external vocabularies in microdata syntax. This is a relationship between something and a class that the thing is in. In RDFa syntax, it is better to use the native RDFa syntax - the 'typeof' attribute - for multiple types. Schema.org tools may have only weaker understanding of extra types, in particular those defined externally.
alternateName Text An alias for the item.
description Text A short description of the item.
image URL  or
ImageObject 
URL of an image of the item.
name Text The name of the item.
potentialAction Action Indicates a potential Action, which describes an idealized action in which this thing would play an 'object' role.
sameAs URL URL of a reference Web page that unambiguously indicates the item's identity. E.g. the URL of the item's Wikipedia page, Freebase page, or official website.
url URL URL of the item.


Examples

<a href="category/books.html">Books</a> >
 <a href="category/books-literature.html">Literature & Fiction</a> >
 <a href="category/books-classics">Classics</a>
<img src="catcher-in-the-rye-book-cover.jpg" />
The Catcher in the Rye - Mass Market Paperback
by <a href="/author/jd_salinger.html">J.D. Salinger</a>
4 stars - 3077 reviews
Price: $6.99
In Stock
Product details
224 pages
Publisher: Little, Brown, and Company - May 1, 1991
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0316769487
Reviews:
5 stars - <b>"A masterpiece of literature" </b>
by John Doe. Written on May 4, 2006
I really enjoyed this book. It captures the essential challenge people face
as they try make sense of their lives and grow to adulthood.
4 stars - <b>"love it LOLOL111!" </b>
by Bob Smith, Written on June 15, 2006
Catcher in the Rye is a fun book. It's a good book to read.
<body itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/WebPage">
...
<div itemprop="breadcrumb">
  <a href="category/books.html">Books</a> >
  <a href="category/books-literature.html">Literature & Fiction</a> >
  <a href="category/books-classics">Classics</a>
</div>
<div itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Book">
<img itemprop="image" src="catcher-in-the-rye-book-cover.jpg" />
<span itemprop="name">The Catcher in the Rye</span> -
 <link itemprop="bookFormat" href="http://schema.org/Paperback">Mass Market Paperback
by <a itemprop="author" href="/author/jd_salinger.html">J.D. Salinger</a>
<div itemprop="aggregateRating" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/AggregateRating">
  <span itemprop="ratingValue">4</span> stars -
  <span itemprop="reviewCount">3077</span> reviews
</div>
<div itemprop="offers" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Offer">
  Price: <span itemprop="price">$6.99</span>
  <meta itemprop="priceCurrency" content="USD" />
  <link itemprop="availability" href="http://schema.org/InStock">In Stock
</div>
Product details
<span itemprop="numberOfPages">224</span> pages
Publisher: <span itemprop="publisher">Little, Brown, and Company</span> -
 <meta itemprop="datePublished" content="1991-05-01">May 1, 1991
Language: <span itemprop="inLanguage">English</span>
ISBN-10: <span itemprop="isbn">0316769487</span>
Reviews:
<div itemprop="review" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Review">
  <span itemprop="reviewRating">5</span> stars -
  <b>"<span itemprop="name">A masterpiece of literature</span>" </b>
  by <span itemprop="author">John Doe</span>,
  Written on <meta itemprop="datePublished" content="2006-05-04">May 4, 2006
  <span itemprop="reviewBody">I really enjoyed this book. It captures the essential
  challenge people face as they try make sense of their lives and grow to adulthood.</span>
</div>
<div itemprop="review" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Review">
  <span itemprop="reviewRating">4</span> stars -
  <b>"<span itemprop="name">A good read.</span>" </b>
  by <span itemprop="author">Bob Smith</span>,
  Written on <meta itemprop="datePublished" content="2006-06-15">June 15, 2006
  <span itemprop="reviewBody">Catcher in the Rye is a fun book. It's a good book to read.</span>
</div>
</div>
...
</body>
<body vocab="http://schema.org/" typeof="WebPage">
...
<div property="breadcrumb">
  <a href="category/books.html">Books</a> >
  <a href="category/books-literature.html">Literature & Fiction</a> >
  <a href="category/books-classics">Classics</a>
</div>
<div  typeof="Book">
<img property="image" src="catcher-in-the-rye-book-cover.jpg" />
<span property="name">The Catcher in the Rye</span> -
 <link property="bookFormat" href="http://schema.org/Paperback">Mass Market Paperback
by <a property="author" href="/author/jd_salinger.html">J.D. Salinger</a>
<div property="aggregateRating"  typeof="AggregateRating">
  <span property="ratingValue">4</span> stars -
  <span property="reviewCount">3077</span> reviews
</div>
<div property="offers"  typeof="Offer">
  Price: <span property="price">$6.99</span>
  <meta property="priceCurrency" content="USD" />
  <link property="availability" href="http://schema.org/InStock">In Stock
</div>
Product details
<span property="numberOfPages">224</span> pages
Publisher: <span property="publisher">Little, Brown, and Company</span> -
 <meta property="datePublished" content="1991-05-01">May 1, 1991
Language: <span property="inLanguage">English</span>
ISBN-10: <span property="isbn">0316769487</span>
Reviews:
<div property="review"  typeof="Review">
  <span property="reviewRating">5</span> stars -
  <b>"<span property="name">A masterpiece of literature</span>" </b>
  by <span property="author">John Doe</span>,
  Written on <meta property="datePublished" content="2006-05-04">May 4, 2006
  <span property="reviewBody">I really enjoyed this book. It captures the essential
  challenge people face as they try make sense of their lives and grow to adulthood.</span>
</div>
<div property="review"  typeof="Review">
  <span property="reviewRating">4</span> stars -
  <b>"<span property="name">A good read.</span>" </b>
  by <span property="author">Bob Smith</span>,
  Written on <meta property="datePublished" content="2006-06-15">June 15, 2006
  <span property="reviewBody">Catcher in the Rye is a fun book. It's a good book to read.</span>
</div>
</div>
...
</body>
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<div>
   <dl>
      <dt>Name:</dt>
      <dd>Holt Physical Science</dd>
      <dt>Brief Synopsis:</dt>
      <dd>NIMAC-sourced textbook</dd>
      <dt>Long Synopsis:</dt>
      <dd>N/A</dd>
      <dt>Book Quality:</dt>
      <dd>Publisher Quality</dd>
      <dt>Book Size:</dt>
      <dd>598 Pages</dd>
      <dt>ISBN-13:</dt>
      <dd>9780030426599</dd>
      <dt>Publisher:</dt>
      <dd >Holt, Rinehart and Winston</dd>
      <dt>Date of Addition:</dt>
      <dd>06/08/10</dd>
      <dt>Copyright Date:</dt>
      <dd>2007</dd>
      <dt>Copyrighted By:</dt>
      <dd>Holt, Rinehart and Winston</dd>
      <dt>Adult content:</dt>
      <dd>No</dd>
      <dt>Language:</dt>
      <dd>English US</dd>
      <dt>Essential Images:</dt>
      <dd>861</dd>
      <dt>Described Images:</dt>
      <dd>910</dd>
      <dt>Categories:</dt>
      <dd>Educational Materials</dd>
      <dt>Grade Levels:</dt>
      <dd>Sixth grade, Seventh grade, Eighth grade</dd>
      <dt>Submitted By:</dt>
      <dd>Bookshare Staff</dd>
      <dt>NIMAC:</dt>
      <dd>This book is currently only available to public K-12 schools and organizations in the
      United States for use with students with an IEP, because it was created from files
      supplied by the NIMAC under these restrictions. Learn more in the NIMAC Support Center.</dd>
   </dl>
   <div class="bookReviews">
      <h2>Reviews of Holt Physical Science (0 reviews)</h2>
      <div class="bookReviewScore">
         <span>0 - No Rating Yet</span>
      </div>
   </div>
</div>
<p>
This example shows the addition of Accessibility metadata. Although these properties are not
a formal enumeration, there is evolving consensus amongst accessibility experts for
appropriate values for these properties. This example shows simple text values,
as suggested by www.a11ymetadata.org.
</p>
<div itemscope="" itemtype="http://schema.org/Book">
   <meta itemprop="bookFormat" content="EBook/DAISY3"/>
   <meta itemprop="accessibilityFeature" content="largePrint/CSSEnabled"/>
   <meta itemprop="accessibilityFeature" content="highContrast/CSSEnabled"/>
   <meta itemprop="accessibilityFeature" content="resizeText/CSSEnabled"/>
   <meta itemprop="accessibilityFeature" content="displayTransformability"/>
   <meta itemprop="accessibilityFeature" content="longDescription"/>
   <meta itemprop="accessibilityFeature" content="alternativeText"/>
   <meta itemprop="accessibilityControl" content="fullKeyboardControl"/>
   <meta itemprop="accessibilityControl" content="fullMouseControl"/>
   <meta itemprop="accessibilityHazard" content="noFlashing"/>
   <meta itemprop="accessibilityHazard" content="noMotionSimulation"/>
   <meta itemprop="accessibilityHazard" content="noSound"/>
   <meta itemprop="accessibilityAPI" content="ARIA"/>
   <dl>
      <dt>Name:</dt>
      <dd itemprop="name">Holt Physical Science</dd>
      <dt>Brief Synopsis:</dt>
      <dd itemprop="description">NIMAC-sourced textbook</dd>
      <dt>Long Synopsis:</dt>
      <dd>N/A</dd>
      <dt>Book Quality:</dt>
      <dd>Publisher Quality</dd>
      <dt>Book Size:</dt>
      <dd itemprop="numberOfPages">598 Pages</dd>
      <dt>ISBN-13:</dt>
      <dd itemprop="isbn">9780030426599</dd>
      <dt>Publisher:</dt>
      <dd itemprop="publisher" itemtype="http://schema.org/Organization" itemscope="">Holt, Rinehart and Winston</dd>
      <dt>Date of Addition:</dt>
      <dd>06/08/10</dd>
      <dt>Copyright Date:</dt>
      <dd itemprop="copyrightYear">2007</dd>
      <dt>Copyrighted By:</dt>
      <dd itemprop="copyrightHolder" itemtype="http://schema.org/Organization" itemscope="">Holt, Rinehart and Winston</dd>
      <dt>Adult content:</dt>
      <dd><meta itemprop="isFamilyFriendly" content="true"/>No</dd>
      <dt>Language:</dt>
      <dd><meta itemprop="inLanguage" content="en-US"/>English US</dd>
      <dt>Essential Images:</dt>
      <dd>861</dd>
      <dt>Described Images:</dt>
      <dd>910</dd>
      <dt>Categories:</dt>
      <dd><span itemprop="genre">Educational Materials</span></dd>
      <dt>Grade Levels:</dt>
      <dd>Sixth grade, Seventh grade, Eighth grade</dd>
      <dt>Submitted By:</dt>
      <dd>Bookshare Staff</dd>
      <dt>NIMAC:</dt>
      <dd>This book is currently only available to public K-12 schools and organizations in the
      United States for use with students with an IEP, because it was created from files
      supplied by the NIMAC under these restrictions. Learn more in the NIMAC Support Center.</dd>
   </dl>
   <div class="bookReviews" itemprop="aggregateRating" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/AggregateRating">
      <h2>Reviews of Holt Physical Science (<span itemprop="reviewCount">0</span> reviews)</h2>
      <div class="bookReviewScore">
         <span><span itemprop="ratingValue>0</span> - No Rating Yet</span>
      </div>
   </div>
</div>
<p>
This example shows the addition of Accessibility metadata. Although these properties are not
a formal enumeration, there is evolving consensus amongst accessibility experts for
appropriate values for these properties. This example shows simple text values,
as suggested by www.a11ymetadata.org.
</p>
<div   typeof="Book">
   <meta property="bookFormat" content="EBook/DAISY3"/>
   <meta property="accessibilityFeature" content="largePrint/CSSEnabled"/>
   <meta property="accessibilityFeature" content="highContrast/CSSEnabled"/>
   <meta property="accessibilityFeature" content="resizeText/CSSEnabled"/>
   <meta property="accessibilityFeature" content="displayTransformability"/>
   <meta property="accessibilityFeature" content="longDescription"/>
   <meta property="accessibilityFeature" content="alternativeText"/>
   <meta property="accessibilityControl" content="fullKeyboardControl"/>
   <meta property="accessibilityControl" content="fullMouseControl"/>
   <meta property="accessibilityHazard" content="noFlashing"/>
   <meta property="accessibilityHazard" content="noMotionSimulation"/>
   <meta property="accessibilityHazard" content="noSound"/>
   <meta property="accessibilityAPI" content="ARIA"/>
   <dl>
      <dt>Name:</dt>
      <dd property="name">Holt Physical Science</dd>
      <dt>Brief Synopsis:</dt>
      <dd property="description">NIMAC-sourced textbook</dd>
      <dt>Long Synopsis:</dt>
      <dd>N/A</dd>
      <dt>Book Quality:</dt>
      <dd>Publisher Quality</dd>
      <dt>Book Size:</dt>
      <dd property="numberOfPages">598 Pages</dd>
      <dt>ISBN-13:</dt>
      <dd property="isbn">9780030426599</dd>
      <dt>Publisher:</dt>
      <dd property="publisher"  typeof="Organization" >Holt, Rinehart and Winston</dd>
      <dt>Date of Addition:</dt>
      <dd>06/08/10</dd>
      <dt>Copyright Date:</dt>
      <dd property="copyrightYear">2007</dd>
      <dt>Copyrighted By:</dt>
      <dd property="copyrightHolder"  typeof="Organization" >Holt, Rinehart and Winston</dd>
      <dt>Adult content:</dt>
      <dd><meta property="isFamilyFriendly" content="true"/>No</dd>
      <dt>Language:</dt>
      <dd><meta property="inLanguage" content="en-US"/>English US</dd>
      <dt>Essential Images:</dt>
      <dd>861</dd>
      <dt>Described Images:</dt>
      <dd>910</dd>
      <dt>Categories:</dt>
      <dd><span property="genre">Educational Materials</span></dd>
      <dt>Grade Levels:</dt>
      <dd>Sixth grade, Seventh grade, Eighth grade</dd>
      <dt>Submitted By:</dt>
      <dd>Bookshare Staff</dd>
      <dt>NIMAC:</dt>
      <dd>This book is currently only available to public K-12 schools and organizations in the
      United States for use with students with an IEP, because it was created from files
      supplied by the NIMAC under these restrictions. Learn more in the NIMAC Support Center.</dd>
   </dl>
   <div class="bookReviews" property="aggregateRating"  typeof="AggregateRating">
      <h2>Reviews of Holt Physical Science (<span property="reviewCount">0</span> reviews)</h2>
      <div class="bookReviewScore">
         <span><span property="ratingValue>0</span> - No Rating Yet</span>
      </div>
   </div>
</div>
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Schema Version 1.7